The two most common types of hub motors used in electric bicycles are brushed and brushless. Many configurations are available, varying in cost and complexity; direct-drive and geared motor units are both used. An electric power-assist system may be added to almost any pedal cycle using chain drive, belt drive, hub motors or friction drive. BLDC hub motors are a common modern design. The motor is built into the wheel hub itself, and the stator fixed solidly to the axle, and the magnets attached to and rotating with the wheel. The bicycle wheel hub is the motor. The power levels of motors used are influenced by available legal categories and are often, but not always limited to under 750 watts.
It really is a simple e-bike, and while I could go on about the frame (aluminium), and the weight (very light), the experience of using this bike for a few days is more interesting. While it feels like a less high-tech product than others in this list (no gears; a shorter battery life of 30 miles; two modes not three), it basically retails at half the price as those competitors – and I certainly didn't find it to be half as good.
{"id":1455239921730,"title":"SONDORS X (END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only)","handle":"sondors-x-us-canada-shipping-oct18","description":"\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#cc0000\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#990000\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan\u003eAmerica's favorite electric bike has been taken to the eXtreme. \u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eAvailable now with END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING \u003c\/span\u003e. SONDORS X 48V 17.5 Li-ion battery nearly doubles your range, and when paired with a 500 watt motor, it offers extreme torque, towing capacity and hill-climbing power never-before seen in a SONDORS. Now, \u003c\/span\u003eSONDORS X also includes SONDORS Air Shocks, our highest-performance, shock-absorbing, suspension forks which provide better handling, improved cornering capabilities, and an overall smooth-as-air riding experience. And, with speeds up to 20 mph, SONDORS X is sure to add smiles to your miles. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eOrder now and your SONDORS X will ship end of October 2018\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X FRAME\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X 17.75” frame is one-size-fits-most, made from 100% durable, lighter-weight, aluminum. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X BATTERY\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X battery is a proprietary design and the largest capacity battery ever offered by SONDORS. Unique to SONDORS, this 48 V 17.5Ah lithium-ion battery boasts Panasonic, LG or Samsung cells and the SONDORS patented triangular shape, making it ingeniously slender, lightweight, and a perfect fit for SONDORS X.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X MOTOR\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X proudly boasts power never-before seen in a SONDORS. Paired with SONDORS X 48 V 17.5Ah lithium-ion battery, this 500W motor offers eXtreme hill climbing, acceleration, and towing capacity to power your daily adventure. And with speeds up to 20 mph, SONDORS X will bring smiles to your miles. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X 7- SPEED SHIFTER \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eGenuine Shimano® 7-Speed gear cassette with grip shifter. This feature gives SONDORS X an additional 7 gears for increased hill-climbing power, further range variation, and greater terrain adaptability. It’s like getting two SONDORS in one.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cspan\u003e\u003cb\u003eSONDORS X AIR SHOCKS\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003ecomes equipped with our highest-performance, shock-absorbing, suspension forks including adjustable air \u003cspan\u003espring suspension with damper\u003c\/span\u003e. You can expect better handling, improved cornering capabilities, and an overall smooth-as-air riding experience.\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X TIRES\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X is a showstopper - and its legendary, all-terrain tires are more than the reason. Measuring in at a chunky 26 x 4.9 inches, SONDORS X \"fat tires\" keep it sturdy and versatile while conquering pavement, sand, dirt or snow.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X LCD SCREEN \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X comes with an LCD screen upgrade  - this feature supplies five levels of electric pedal assist plus added torque for increased hill-climbing power, greater range, and improved towing capacity. In addition, the LCD screen provides a digital display offering accurate battery level, speed and distance traveled.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X RANGE\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eWith the use of the included SONDORS X 48V 17.5 Ah lithium-ion battery along with electric pedal assist, many riders can experience a varied battery range of up to 40-60 miles*. 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SONDORS X is sure to inspire confidence as it rolls in with conviction at a total approximate weight of 70 pounds. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\n\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSHIPPING AND DELIVERY INCLUDED (OCTOBER\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e 2018)\u003c\/strong\u003e\n\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eYou can rest assured, each component of your new SONDORS is carefully wrapped in heavy-duty protective materials and packed with love in our famous SONDORS ultra-thick, 7-layered \"motorcycle-grade\" box. The purchase of your new SONDORS includes hand delivery to your door via U.P.S. ground shipping for oversized packages within the contiguous United States.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003ePLEASE NOTE:\u003c\/strong\u003e Shipments to Alaska, Hawaii and Canada will incur an extended area surcharge at checkout. (Alaska and Hawaii: $59.00 \/ Canada: $99.00 USD)\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eIMPORTANT:\u003c\/strong\u003e All SONDORS shown here are available for delivery in \u003cstrong\u003eU.S. and Canada ONLY. \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003eFor SONDORS available in E.U., Norway and Switzerland, visit \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/sondors.com\/collections\/europe\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eSONDORS Europe Collection\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e","published_at":"2018-07-22T11:41:41-07:00","created_at":"2018-07-16T07:06:12-07:00","vendor":"SONDORS Electric Bikes","type":"Electric Bike","tags":["500W","aluminum","aluminumframe","aluminumframe48V","Battery","ion","lithium","lithiumion","sondors","steel","steelframe"],"price":149900,"price_min":149900,"price_max":149900,"available":true,"price_varies":false,"compare_at_price":null,"compare_at_price_min":0,"compare_at_price_max":0,"compare_at_price_varies":false,"variants":[{"id":12717491159106,"title":"Black Matte \/ Black","option1":"Black Matte \/ Black","option2":null,"option3":null,"sku":"796","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":true,"featured_image":{"id":3894659350594,"product_id":1455239921730,"position":1,"created_at":"2018-07-23T02:27:48-07:00","updated_at":"2018-10-01T05:51:11-07:00","alt":"SONDORS X (END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - SONDORS Electric Bikes","width":1024,"height":650,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/products_X7_-_Black-Black.jpg?v=1538398271","variant_ids":[12717491159106]},"available":true,"name":"SONDORS X (END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - Black Matte \/ Black","public_title":"Black Matte \/ Black","options":["Black Matte \/ Black"],"price":149900,"weight":226796,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_quantity":29,"inventory_management":"shopify","inventory_policy":"deny","barcode":""},{"id":12717498761282,"title":"White \/ Black","option1":"White \/ Black","option2":null,"option3":null,"sku":"797","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":true,"featured_image":{"id":3894659514434,"product_id":1455239921730,"position":2,"created_at":"2018-07-23T02:27:51-07:00","updated_at":"2018-10-01T05:51:11-07:00","alt":"SONDORS X (END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - SONDORS Electric Bikes","width":1024,"height":650,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/products_X7_-_White-Black.jpg?v=1538398271","variant_ids":[12717498761282]},"available":true,"name":"SONDORS X (END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - White \/ Black","public_title":"White \/ Black","options":["White \/ Black"],"price":149900,"weight":226796,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_quantity":47,"inventory_management":"shopify","inventory_policy":"deny","barcode":""},{"id":12717498794050,"title":"Silver \/ Blue","option1":"Silver \/ Blue","option2":null,"option3":null,"sku":"798","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":true,"featured_image":{"id":3894659416130,"product_id":1455239921730,"position":3,"created_at":"2018-07-23T02:27:49-07:00","updated_at":"2018-10-01T05:51:11-07:00","alt":"SONDORS X (END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - SONDORS Electric Bikes","width":1024,"height":650,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/products_X7_-_Silver-Blue.jpg?v=1538398271","variant_ids":[12717498794050]},"available":true,"name":"SONDORS X (END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - Silver \/ Blue","public_title":"Silver \/ Blue","options":["Silver \/ Blue"],"price":149900,"weight":226796,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_quantity":14,"inventory_management":"shopify","inventory_policy":"deny","barcode":""}],"images":["\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/products_X7_-_Black-Black.jpg?v=1538398271","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/products_X7_-_White-Black.jpg?v=1538398271","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/products_X7_-_Silver-Blue.jpg?v=1538398271"],"featured_image":"\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/products_X7_-_Black-Black.jpg?v=1538398271","options":["Color"],"content":"\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#cc0000\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#990000\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan\u003eAmerica's favorite electric bike has been taken to the eXtreme. \u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eAvailable now with END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING \u003c\/span\u003e. SONDORS X 48V 17.5 Li-ion battery nearly doubles your range, and when paired with a 500 watt motor, it offers extreme torque, towing capacity and hill-climbing power never-before seen in a SONDORS. Now, \u003c\/span\u003eSONDORS X also includes SONDORS Air Shocks, our highest-performance, shock-absorbing, suspension forks which provide better handling, improved cornering capabilities, and an overall smooth-as-air riding experience. And, with speeds up to 20 mph, SONDORS X is sure to add smiles to your miles. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eOrder now and your SONDORS X will ship end of October 2018\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X FRAME\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X 17.75” frame is one-size-fits-most, made from 100% durable, lighter-weight, aluminum. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X BATTERY\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X battery is a proprietary design and the largest capacity battery ever offered by SONDORS. Unique to SONDORS, this 48 V 17.5Ah lithium-ion battery boasts Panasonic, LG or Samsung cells and the SONDORS patented triangular shape, making it ingeniously slender, lightweight, and a perfect fit for SONDORS X.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X MOTOR\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X proudly boasts power never-before seen in a SONDORS. Paired with SONDORS X 48 V 17.5Ah lithium-ion battery, this 500W motor offers eXtreme hill climbing, acceleration, and towing capacity to power your daily adventure. And with speeds up to 20 mph, SONDORS X will bring smiles to your miles. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X 7- SPEED SHIFTER \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eGenuine Shimano® 7-Speed gear cassette with grip shifter. This feature gives SONDORS X an additional 7 gears for increased hill-climbing power, further range variation, and greater terrain adaptability. It’s like getting two SONDORS in one.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cspan\u003e\u003cb\u003eSONDORS X AIR SHOCKS\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003ecomes equipped with our highest-performance, shock-absorbing, suspension forks including adjustable air \u003cspan\u003espring suspension with damper\u003c\/span\u003e. You can expect better handling, improved cornering capabilities, and an overall smooth-as-air riding experience.\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X TIRES\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X is a showstopper - and its legendary, all-terrain tires are more than the reason. Measuring in at a chunky 26 x 4.9 inches, SONDORS X \"fat tires\" keep it sturdy and versatile while conquering pavement, sand, dirt or snow.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X LCD SCREEN \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X comes with an LCD screen upgrade  - this feature supplies five levels of electric pedal assist plus added torque for increased hill-climbing power, greater range, and improved towing capacity. In addition, the LCD screen provides a digital display offering accurate battery level, speed and distance traveled.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X RANGE\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eWith the use of the included SONDORS X 48V 17.5 Ah lithium-ion battery along with electric pedal assist, many riders can experience a varied battery range of up to 40-60 miles*. When using straight electric power (without pedaling), the range can fluctuate to up to 35 miles*.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e*Range estimates are contingent upon rider and towing weight, riding style, wind speed and terrain.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X WEIGHT\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X is built with endurance and adaptability in mind. It means business with its all-aluminum frame, all-terrain tires, and readiness to vanquish nearly any landscape. SONDORS X is sure to inspire confidence as it rolls in with conviction at a total approximate weight of 70 pounds. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\n\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSHIPPING AND DELIVERY INCLUDED (OCTOBER\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e 2018)\u003c\/strong\u003e\n\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eYou can rest assured, each component of your new SONDORS is carefully wrapped in heavy-duty protective materials and packed with love in our famous SONDORS ultra-thick, 7-layered \"motorcycle-grade\" box. The purchase of your new SONDORS includes hand delivery to your door via U.P.S. ground shipping for oversized packages within the contiguous United States.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003ePLEASE NOTE:\u003c\/strong\u003e Shipments to Alaska, Hawaii and Canada will incur an extended area surcharge at checkout. (Alaska and Hawaii: $59.00 \/ Canada: $99.00 USD)\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eIMPORTANT:\u003c\/strong\u003e All SONDORS shown here are available for delivery in \u003cstrong\u003eU.S. and Canada ONLY. \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003eFor SONDORS available in E.U., Norway and Switzerland, visit \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/sondors.com\/collections\/europe\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eSONDORS Europe Collection\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e"}
Twice the speed - with half the effort, Optibike has the power. On a test ride in Boulder Colorado, a fit road cyclist was able to climb the notorious Old Stage Road at 10 MPH sitting down with an easy spin on the Optibike. On his ultra light road bike, he had to stand and grind all the way to go 5 mph!!! Twice the speed - half the effort, Optibike has the power.
The Dew-E packs functionality and fun into a rather traditional and conservative package. Front and rear fenders, integrated Busch & Müller front and rear lights, and a built-in Abus wheel lock make this a very practical commuter bike. An 11-34t 9-speed cassette and 1.75-inch tires provide versatility: You’ll stay smooth over rough city streets and zip down gravel bike paths with confidence. Front and rear rack mounts also give you the chance to outfit this bike for carrying more cargo or supplies for a longer day on the bike. Whichever way you think you’ll be riding an e-bike, this bike deserves a second look.
Controllers for brushless motors: E-bikes require high initial torque and therefore models that use brushless motors typically have Hall sensor commutation for speed and angle measurement. An electronic controller provides assistance as a function of the sensor inputs, the vehicle speed and the required force. The controllers generally allow input by means of potentiometer or Hall Effect twist grip (or thumb-operated lever throttle), closed-loop speed control for precise speed regulation, protection logic for over-voltage, over-current and thermal protection. Bikes with a pedal assist function typically have a disc on the crank shaft featuring a ring of magnets coupled with a Hall sensor giving rise to a series of pulses, the frequency of which is proportional to pedaling speed. The controller uses pulse width modulation to regulate the power to the motor. Sometimes support is provided for regenerative braking but infrequent braking and the low mass of bicycles limits recovered energy. An implementation is described in an application note for a 200 W, 24 V Brushless DC (BLDC) motor.[43]
We rode the Vado through the gauntlet, including some of the steepest hills in Palo Alto, and it easily handled everything we threw at it, maintaining a steady 20 miles per hour even on the most daunting of ascents. The bike also handles well on downhills and is both nimble and quick on city streets and paved trails. It’s even comfortable to ride for extended distances, which is vitally important for any bike built for urban settings.
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I wanted to include an electric bike that would be ideal for off-road and trail bike touring, and I think the Bulls E-Stream Evo 3 27.5 Plus is it. This hardtail mountain bike would be perfect for bike tourists going out on the trails for a few days. You could conceivably go for a few days without needing to recharge the Brose 650 watt hour battery, so even if your camping in the wilderness with nowhere to recharge for 60-100 miles you would likely be fine on battery life.
EcoBike offers three e-bike models. The Vatavio fold-and-carry electric bike (pictured above) is innovative and well constructed. The Elegance (pictured below) is a classic design with step-through frame, offering an easy, comfortable ride. The AdventureÂ’s revolutionary frame design allows for true versatility, going from the pavement to mountain trails with ease.
This bike is named the GSD because with it you can Get Stuff Done. Twenty-inch wheels keep the center of gravity low so heavy payloads—it's rated up to 400lbs—are easy to balance and a short (for a cargo bike) 70-inch wheelbase, similar to a standard single bike, make the GSD easy to maneuver. Designed with the urban commuter in mind, the bike can easily break down to 60 percent of its original size to fit into the back of a car and the rear rack doubles as a stand that allows it to stand upright to minimize space inside tight apartments. Put two child seats on the back and take the family along, or drop the seat and let you kid take the bike out himself—anyone from 4'10" to 6'5" can ride this bike. Last but not least, the GSD gives you the option of adding a second battery to extend your range up to about 150 miles on a single charge.
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