The other thing to consider is that this is a Kickstarter project, so you aren’t directly purchasing from the company, but rather “backing the project” in exchange for a bike. Technically, Stark Drive, or any Kickstarter creator, could cut and run with the money, leaving their backers without legal recourse. In this case though, Stark Drive has already run a successful crowdfunding campaign for their previous bike and demonstrated their ability to deliver, so this is probably at least somewhat safer than a brand new Kickstarter start-up.
Kalkhoff's electric-assist bicycles start with the same high-quality, sleekly designed bikes that Kalkhoff has been developing for 90 years. A state-of-the-art, brushless, centrally-located motor provides a smooth, predictable power-assist directly to the drive train. Kalkhoff e-bikes come fully-equipped with a variety of features to ensure that your commute, shopping trip, or outing is safe, comfortable and fun.
And then add in all of the other e-bike parts including motors, batteries, throttles, speed controllers, etc. All of these parts are mass-produced in China. They simply aren’t available in the US and no one is designing them or manufacturing them. The US would likely have to start by reverse engineering the Chinese products and learning how they produce them. How’s that for irony?
In terms of design, the attention to detail is just exquisite. The extra long fenders ensure you’re not going to get wet going through puddles. The cafe lock is hidden well enough to not ruin the look. I do kind of wish that the battery and fork could be that lovely green color, but we can’t have it all folks. For you green haters, it does come in white and black too. There’s also an option for this cute little front carrier if you want to put a bouquet and a baguette in it.
The Hanebrink all-terrain vehicle's lithium ion 10 amp hour battery (LiFePO4) will give the bike enough juice for about an hour's use on a single charge, which will take three hours. The rear rack could have up to five batteries fitted which will extend the run time to over five hours. The wide aluminum rear rack is otherwise capable of carrying over 100 pounds of cargo.
In 2012, two e-bike advocates completed the first 4,000-mile (6,400 km) transcontinental e-bike tour from New York to San Francisco to advocate for e-bikes in major cities across the U.S.[81] Pedego Electric Bikes is the best selling brand in the U.S. Many e-bikes in the United States are standard bicycles converted using a kit. In general, the kits include the motor (the majority of which are hub motors built into the front or rear wheel), a speed controller, throttle (usually twist-grip or thumb throttle), necessary wiring and connectors, and a battery. Several U.S. companies offer conversion kits which also offer advanced lithium battery packs. Major manufacturers also offer complete e-bikes. Trek offers a line of e-bikes using the Bionx system in which the rider programs the controller to determine how much effort the motor will give in response to rider effort, from 25% up to 200% of the rider's power. This system ensures a minimum level of rider participation and is also used to comply with many European laws mandating partial human effort before the motor engages.
There are two basic categories of electric bike, and their uses don't offer equal crossover value. The first category is essentially a normal bicycle that has been outfitted with an electric motor. These bikes are the same size as a standard bicycle, and handle almost identically, save for the obvious benefit of added motive power thanks to a motor and battery.

There are individuals who claim to have lost considerable amounts of weight by using an electric bike.[62] A recent prospective cohort study however found that people using e-bikes have a higher BMI.[63] By making the biking terrain less of an issue, people who wouldn't otherwise consider biking can use the electric assistance when needed and otherwise pedal as they are able.[64] This means people of lower fitness levels or who haven't cycled in many years can start enjoying the many health benefits E-bikes have to offer. [1]

I wanted to include an electric bike that would be ideal for off-road and trail bike touring, and I think the Bulls E-Stream Evo 3 27.5 Plus is it. This hardtail mountain bike would be perfect for bike tourists going out on the trails for a few days. You could conceivably go for a few days without needing to recharge the Brose 650 watt hour battery, so even if your camping in the wilderness with nowhere to recharge for 60-100 miles you would likely be fine on battery life.


FRAME GEOMETRY  EcoBike electric bikes have been specially designed with the daily commuter in mind. The frame is constructed from a high-strength, lightweight 6061 aluminum alloy that maximizes safety and durability.  The enhanced frame design features comfort ergo-geometry that is more upright than a traditional mountain or road bike.  Every EcoBike electric bike is outfitted with suspension on both front forks (except Vatavio) and seat post to deliver a smoother ride. 
{"id":466994987047,"title":"SONDORS Thin (In-Stock US\/Canada Only)","handle":"sondors-thin-us-canada-only","description":"\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan\u003eSONDORS Thin, the sleekest electric bike ever.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan\u003e Impeccable components, clean lines, and lightweight design define SONDORS Thin. SONDORS proprietary, lithium-ion battery and all-aluminum frame, make Thin the perfect mode of transportation for the daily commuter or weekend adventurer in you.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#990000\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cb\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#990000\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/manage.kmail-lists.com\/subscriptions\/subscribe?a=sW3t57\u0026amp;g=Ns6TEy\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eSIGN UP HERE\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#990000\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#990000\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003efor exclusive VIP access and email announcements of SONDORS limited-quantity pre-sale events. \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eThe instant you ride Thin, you know you've never felt anything like it. With SONDORS Thin you have the freedom of full-electric power with a simple press of a thumb throttle, or the option of electric pedal assist cycling.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eYou’ll be dropping jaws and turning heads with Thin flawless styling and superior performance. And when you reach your destination without breaking a sweat, you’ll find Thin extraordinarily light and convenient.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eThis eye-catching beauty has set the precedent in ultra-light electric bike transportation, and that's just the start.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN FRAME\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin durable, 100% aluminum, 19” frame is a one-size-fits-most, and weighs in at just 4.2 pounds - offering a total bike weight of only 38 pounds.\u003c\/span\u003e \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN BATTERY AND UPGRADE OPTION\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #000000;\"\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin battery is a proprietary design. Unique to SONDORS, this 36V 8.7Ah lithium-ion battery boasts Panasonic cells and the SONDORS patented triangular shape, making it ingeniously slender, lightweight, and a perfect fit for Thin.\u003c\/span\u003e \u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin, is also available with a 36V 10.5Ah battery upgrade providing greater hill-climbing power, towing capacity, and an approximate increase in range of up to 25 miles* straight electric and up to 60 miles* using electric pedal assist.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #000000;\"\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003e*Range estimates are contingent upon rider and towing weight, riding style, wind speed and terrain.\u003c\/span\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN MOTOR\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin packs a 350W motor, providing more than enough to power your daily commute or a zip down your favorite route. And with speeds up to 20 mph, SONDORS Thin will get you there with quickness and style.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003e\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN TIRES\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin is an artful conception - and its Kenda brand tires are no exception. Measuring in at a sleek \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003e28” x 1.75”, \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eThin tires keep it lean and light while enhancing the overall ease of maneuvering and handling.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN RANGE\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eWith the use of the included SONDORS Thin 36V 8.7Ah lithium-ion battery and electric pedal assist, many riders can experience a varied battery range of up to 30-50 miles*. When using straight electric power (without pedaling), the range can fluctuate to up to 20 miles*.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS Thin, 36V 10.5Ah battery upgrade provides an approximate increase in range of up to 25 miles* straight electric and up to 60 miles* using electric pedal assist.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400; color: #000000;\"\u003e*Both range estimates are contingent upon rider and towing weight, riding style, wind speed and terrain.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN LCD SCREEN UPGRADE INCLUDED\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin comes with an LCD screen upgrade - this feature supplies Thin with five levels of electric pedal assist plus added torque for increased hill climbing power, greater range, and improved towing capacity. In addition, the Thin LCD screen provides a digital display offering accurate battery level and distance traveled.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eTHIN FRONT SUSPENSION UPGRADE OPTION\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eA high-performance, shock-absorbing, non-adjustable, front suspension fork can be yours to take your SONDORS Thin riding comfort to the next level. You can expect better handling, improved cornering capabilities, and an overall smoother riding experience.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eTHIN SHIPPING AND DELIVERY INCLUDED\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eYou can rest assured, each component of your new SONDORS is carefully wrapped in heavy-duty protective materials and packed with love in our famous SONDORS ultra-thick, 7-layered \"motorcycle-grade\" box. The purchase of your new SONDORS includes hand delivery to your door via U.P.S. ground shipping for oversized packages within the contiguous United States.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003ePLEASE NOTE: Shipments to Alaska, Hawaii and Canada will incur an extended area surcharge at checkout. (Alaska and Hawaii: $59.00 \/ \u003cspan\u003eCanada: $99.00 USD)\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e*IMPORTANT:\u003c\/strong\u003e All SONDORS shown here are available for delivery in \u003cstrong\u003eU.S. and Canada Only. \u003c\/strong\u003eFor SONDORS currently available in E.U., Switzerland and Norway, visit \u003ca href=\"https:\/\/sondors.com\/collections\/europe\"\u003e\u003cstrong style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eSONDORS Europe \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e","published_at":"2018-10-02T12:37:00-07:00","created_at":"2018-01-16T08:13:54-08:00","vendor":"SONDORS Electric Bikes","type":"Electric Bike","tags":["36V","aluminum","aluminumframe","bike","genuineshimano","ion","kenda","lithium","lithiumion","sondors","steel","steelframe"],"price":87900,"price_min":87900,"price_max":113900,"available":true,"price_varies":true,"compare_at_price":null,"compare_at_price_min":0,"compare_at_price_max":0,"compare_at_price_varies":false,"variants":[{"id":6559594283047,"title":"Black Matte \/ 8.7Ah Battery\/5-Speed Electric Pedal Assist","option1":"Black Matte","option2":"8.7Ah Battery\/5-Speed Electric Pedal Assist","option3":null,"sku":"169","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":true,"featured_image":{"id":1724049981479,"product_id":466994987047,"position":1,"created_at":"2018-01-19T12:11:19-08:00","updated_at":"2018-05-25T09:22:30-07:00","alt":"SONDORS Thin (In-Stock US\/Canada Only) - 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SONDORS Electric Bikes","width":5000,"height":3250,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Thin_7_White_Susp_R_Side.JPG?v=1527265350","variant_ids":[6559748816935]},"available":false,"name":"SONDORS Thin (In-Stock US\/Canada Only) - Pearl \/ 10.5Ah Battery\/7-Speed Derailleur\/Suspension Fork","public_title":"Pearl \/ 10.5Ah Battery\/7-Speed Derailleur\/Suspension Fork","options":["Pearl","10.5Ah Battery\/7-Speed Derailleur\/Suspension Fork"],"price":113900,"weight":226796,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_quantity":0,"inventory_management":"shopify","inventory_policy":"deny","barcode":""}],"images":["\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Thin_BMatte_R_Side.jpg?v=1527265350","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Thin_Indigo_R_Side.jpg?v=1527265350","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Thin_White_R_Side.jpg?v=1527265350","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Thin_7_Indigo_R_Side.JPG?v=1527265350","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Thin_7_BMatte_Susp_R_Side.JPG?v=1527265350","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Thin_7_White_Susp_R_Side.JPG?v=1527265350"],"featured_image":"\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Thin_BMatte_R_Side.jpg?v=1527265350","options":["Color","Description"],"content":"\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan\u003eSONDORS Thin, the sleekest electric bike ever.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan\u003e Impeccable components, clean lines, and lightweight design define SONDORS Thin. SONDORS proprietary, lithium-ion battery and all-aluminum frame, make Thin the perfect mode of transportation for the daily commuter or weekend adventurer in you.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#990000\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cb\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#990000\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/manage.kmail-lists.com\/subscriptions\/subscribe?a=sW3t57\u0026amp;g=Ns6TEy\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eSIGN UP HERE\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#990000\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#990000\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003efor exclusive VIP access and email announcements of SONDORS limited-quantity pre-sale events. \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eThe instant you ride Thin, you know you've never felt anything like it. With SONDORS Thin you have the freedom of full-electric power with a simple press of a thumb throttle, or the option of electric pedal assist cycling.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eYou’ll be dropping jaws and turning heads with Thin flawless styling and superior performance. And when you reach your destination without breaking a sweat, you’ll find Thin extraordinarily light and convenient.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eThis eye-catching beauty has set the precedent in ultra-light electric bike transportation, and that's just the start.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN FRAME\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin durable, 100% aluminum, 19” frame is a one-size-fits-most, and weighs in at just 4.2 pounds - offering a total bike weight of only 38 pounds.\u003c\/span\u003e \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN BATTERY AND UPGRADE OPTION\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #000000;\"\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin battery is a proprietary design. Unique to SONDORS, this 36V 8.7Ah lithium-ion battery boasts Panasonic cells and the SONDORS patented triangular shape, making it ingeniously slender, lightweight, and a perfect fit for Thin.\u003c\/span\u003e \u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin, is also available with a 36V 10.5Ah battery upgrade providing greater hill-climbing power, towing capacity, and an approximate increase in range of up to 25 miles* straight electric and up to 60 miles* using electric pedal assist.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #000000;\"\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003e*Range estimates are contingent upon rider and towing weight, riding style, wind speed and terrain.\u003c\/span\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN MOTOR\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin packs a 350W motor, providing more than enough to power your daily commute or a zip down your favorite route. And with speeds up to 20 mph, SONDORS Thin will get you there with quickness and style.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003e\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN TIRES\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin is an artful conception - and its Kenda brand tires are no exception. Measuring in at a sleek \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003e28” x 1.75”, \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eThin tires keep it lean and light while enhancing the overall ease of maneuvering and handling.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN RANGE\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eWith the use of the included SONDORS Thin 36V 8.7Ah lithium-ion battery and electric pedal assist, many riders can experience a varied battery range of up to 30-50 miles*. When using straight electric power (without pedaling), the range can fluctuate to up to 20 miles*.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS Thin, 36V 10.5Ah battery upgrade provides an approximate increase in range of up to 25 miles* straight electric and up to 60 miles* using electric pedal assist.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400; color: #000000;\"\u003e*Both range estimates are contingent upon rider and towing weight, riding style, wind speed and terrain.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN LCD SCREEN UPGRADE INCLUDED\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin comes with an LCD screen upgrade - this feature supplies Thin with five levels of electric pedal assist plus added torque for increased hill climbing power, greater range, and improved towing capacity. In addition, the Thin LCD screen provides a digital display offering accurate battery level and distance traveled.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eTHIN FRONT SUSPENSION UPGRADE OPTION\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eA high-performance, shock-absorbing, non-adjustable, front suspension fork can be yours to take your SONDORS Thin riding comfort to the next level. You can expect better handling, improved cornering capabilities, and an overall smoother riding experience.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eTHIN SHIPPING AND DELIVERY INCLUDED\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eYou can rest assured, each component of your new SONDORS is carefully wrapped in heavy-duty protective materials and packed with love in our famous SONDORS ultra-thick, 7-layered \"motorcycle-grade\" box. The purchase of your new SONDORS includes hand delivery to your door via U.P.S. ground shipping for oversized packages within the contiguous United States.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003ePLEASE NOTE: Shipments to Alaska, Hawaii and Canada will incur an extended area surcharge at checkout. (Alaska and Hawaii: $59.00 \/ \u003cspan\u003eCanada: $99.00 USD)\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e*IMPORTANT:\u003c\/strong\u003e All SONDORS shown here are available for delivery in \u003cstrong\u003eU.S. and Canada Only. \u003c\/strong\u003eFor SONDORS currently available in E.U., Switzerland and Norway, visit \u003ca href=\"https:\/\/sondors.com\/collections\/europe\"\u003e\u003cstrong style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eSONDORS Europe \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e"}

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A vertical bike rack for your car that can fit up to six bikes at once! Works with all different sizes and types of bikes... even fat tire, kids, recumbents and tricycles. Unlike many horizontal hang-style racks this thing can accommodate step-thru and wave bike frames without the need for a crossbar adapter, the rack folds down for easy storage...
Controllers for brushed motors: Brushed motors are also used in e-bikes but are becoming less common due to their intrinsic lower efficiency. Controllers for brushed motors however are much simpler and cheaper due to the fact they don't require hall sensor feedback and are typically designed to be open-loop controllers. Some controllers can handle multiple voltages.
The Netherlands has a fleet of 18 million bicycles.[77] E-bikes have reached a market share of 10% by 2009, as e-bikes sales quadrupled from 40,000 units to 153,000 between 2006 and 2009,[78] and the electric-powered models represented 25% of the total bicycle sales revenue in that year.[77] By early 2010 one in every eight bicycles sold in the country is electric-powered despite the fact that on average an e-bike is three times more expensive than a regular bicycle.[73][78]
On a trip to Palo Alto last year, we had the chance to ride Specialized’s pedal-assisted Turbo Vado and the model is still our favorite ebike on the market. Utilizing a 350-watt motor and 604-watt-hour lithium-ion battery, the Turbo Vado is capable of traveling a whopping 80 miles on a single charge, which should be more than enough for any daily commute with plenty of miles left over.
The Stromer is tailored for riders of all types and skill levels. The patented "dual power system" allows for power-on-demand riding (limited to no pedaling), with a top speed of 20 mph and a range of up to 20 miles. Feel like pedaling? Just switch to pedal-assist mode and let the state-of-the-art torque sensor augment your pedaling efforts with motor assistance. Pedal-assist mode allows for 45+ mile range. Charging is easy with their patented removable battery system. Simply unlock the internal battery storage case on the frame, remove the battery, and charge up with any 115V power outlet (onboard charging is also available).
Instead, ebikes offer a “gateway” to exercise, says Thomas Whitaker, director of marketing for Faraday Bikes, a San Francisco-based ebike manufacturer. He notes than in their market research, 10 percent of customers use ebikes to recover from an illness or injury. “I think it’s a familiar and fun way to exercise without being hard on the body. People recover and then continue to do more and bike more.”

The Focus comes with lots of extras: front and rear lights, bell, fenders, chain guard and rack. The Panasonic drive system that powers it is the same unit that was on the Kalkhoff bike that climbed to the top of the Pikes Peak bicycle race, one of only 3 types of bikes to survive this 8000 foot 20-mile climb in 2012. The Panasonic drive system is a well built piece of E-bike engineering which drives the bottom bracket and powers the rear wheel through the same drive chain as the rider. It is only available on OEM bikes which have been-purpose built using it. It stands as one of the most refined mid-drive systems ever built.
E-bikes mostly use motors and battery options from a few major suppliers: Bosch, Yamaha, Shimano, and Brose. A few other brands exist, but are less reliable or powerful. Some, like the Yamaha system, have more torque and others are quieter. But generally all four make good options. Look for motor output (in watts) which will give you an idea of total power. But watt hours (Wh) is perhaps a better figure to use—it takes into account battery output and life to give a truer reflection of power.
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