By 1898 a rear-wheel drive electric bicycle, which used a driving belt along the outside edge of the wheel, was patented by Mathew J. Steffens. Also, the 1899 U.S. Patent 627,066 by John Schnepf depicted a rear-wheel friction “roller-wheel” style drive electric bicycle.[7] Schnepf's invention was later re-examined and expanded in 1969 by G.A. Wood Jr. with his U.S. Patent 3,431,994. Wood’s device used 4 fractional horsepower motors; connected through a series of gears.[8]
This bike impressed me right when I saw it. I love that Haibike offers spec-heavy options with the Yamaha PW system. I think the PW system gets a bad rep sometimes for being less powerful than the Bosch, but to be totally honest not everybody needs the power of a Bosch system. Haibike makes up for the lower torque of the PW system by offering a premium Shimano Deore XT drivetrain with 20 speeds. This is great for riders who want to stay in the action a bit more, but still not arrive sweaty and out of breath.
The Dew-E packs functionality and fun into a rather traditional and conservative package. Front and rear fenders, integrated Busch & Müller front and rear lights, and a built-in Abus wheel lock make this a very practical commuter bike. An 11-34t 9-speed cassette and 1.75-inch tires provide versatility: You’ll stay smooth over rough city streets and zip down gravel bike paths with confidence. Front and rear rack mounts also give you the chance to outfit this bike for carrying more cargo or supplies for a longer day on the bike. Whichever way you think you’ll be riding an e-bike, this bike deserves a second look.

Range is a key consideration with e-bikes, and is affected by factors such as motor efficiency, battery capacity, efficiency of the driving electronics, aerodynamics, hills and weight of the bike and rider.[36][37] Some manufacturers, such as the Canadian BionX or American Vintage Electric Bikes,[38] have the option of using regenerative braking, the motor acts as a generator to slow the bike down prior to the brake pads engaging.[39] This is useful for extending the range and the life of brake pads and wheel rims. There are also experiments using fuel cells. e.g. the PHB. Some experiments have also been undertaken with super capacitors to supplement or replace batteries for cars and some SUVS. E-bikes developed in Switzerland in the late 1980s for the Tour de Sol solar vehicle race came with solar charging stations but these were later fixed on roofs and connected so as to feed into the electric mains.[40] The bicycles were then charged from the mains, as is common today. While ebike batteries were produced mainly by bigger companies in past, many small to medium companies have started using innovative new methods for creating more durable batteries. State of the art, custom built automated precision CNC spot welding machines[41] created 18650 battery packs[42] are commonly used among Do-it-yourself ebike makers.


Kalkhoff's electric-assist bicycles start with the same high-quality, sleekly designed bikes that Kalkhoff has been developing for 90 years. A state-of-the-art, brushless, centrally-located motor provides a smooth, predictable power-assist directly to the drive train. Kalkhoff e-bikes come fully-equipped with a variety of features to ensure that your commute, shopping trip, or outing is safe, comfortable and fun.
In the geared motor, a small and lightweight motor spins very fast inside. The electric bike motor then uses a planetary reduction gear inside the motor to reduce the rpm to the correct speed for a bike wheel. Electric Bike Motor An electric bike motor on an electric bike can be any kind of electric motor. There have been some very creative home brew e bikes that used any motor...
Have to give a shout out to a Bulls Brose option. They were the first manufacturers I saw integrate the battery into the frame really well, and they’ve continued to improve upon that design. As I mentioned above, I love the wave frame. Super easy to get on and off and it’s got a cool look as well. If you’re not a fan, this bike does come in both a Diamond and step-thru frame.

In a parallel hybrid motorized bicycle, such as the aforementioned 1897 invention by Hosea W. Libbey, human and motor inputs are mechanically coupled either in the bottom bracket, the rear wheel, or the front wheel, whereas in a (mechanical) series hybrid cycle, the human and motor inputs are coupled through differential gearing. In an (electronic) series hybrid cycle, human power is converted into electricity and is fed directly into the motor and mostly additional electricity is supplied from a battery.

IZIP has been manufacturing high-end, affordable electric bikes since 2005. We think the IZIP E3 Dash is the best of the bunch. This class 3 pedelec delivers power as you pedal taking you to speeds of 28 mph. It's fantastic for your commute, especially if you have hills to climb. The mid-mounted motor configuartion maximizes torque to get you up inclines.


The National Institute for Transportation and Communities believes ebikes remove barriers to cycling, such as physical limitations and challenging topography. The results of a recent survey “indicate that, by reducing the physical demands on the rider, e-bikes are encouraging more people to replace car trips with bike trips,” it says. The survey found that 37 percent of frequent cyclists and 27 percent of non- or seldom-cyclists who bought an ebike now primarily use their ebike to commute to work, an encouraging sign for transportation officials who want to increase bicycle commuting. (May 18 is National Bike to Work Day.)

The National Institute for Transportation and Communities believes ebikes remove barriers to cycling, such as physical limitations and challenging topography. The results of a recent survey “indicate that, by reducing the physical demands on the rider, e-bikes are encouraging more people to replace car trips with bike trips,” it says. The survey found that 37 percent of frequent cyclists and 27 percent of non- or seldom-cyclists who bought an ebike now primarily use their ebike to commute to work, an encouraging sign for transportation officials who want to increase bicycle commuting. (May 18 is National Bike to Work Day.)


We rode the Vado through the gauntlet, including some of the steepest hills in Palo Alto, and it easily handled everything we threw at it, maintaining a steady 20 miles per hour even on the most daunting of ascents. The bike also handles well on downhills and is both nimble and quick on city streets and paved trails. It’s even comfortable to ride for extended distances, which is vitally important for any bike built for urban settings.
Riding position: You also may wish to check out an e-bike’s riding position before investing in it. For short trips, the riding position might not make much difference, but for long journeys, the upright "Dutch" style with pulled-back handlebars is very comfortable – particularly for tall riders. The same goes for mountain bike styles, though these bikes are not often designed to actually go off-road.
Irvine, Calif. – As eBikes transform into a "lifestyle product," smart aesthetics and attractive design play an increasingly important role. That’s why Bosch eBike Systems is setting the pace: for Model Year 2018, presenting the PowerTube 500, a battery which can be integrated into the frame of the bicycle. The PowerTube 500 combines modern design with first class Bosch technology for eBikers who prefer a clean and timeless look.
Have to give a shout out to a Bulls Brose option. They were the first manufacturers I saw integrate the battery into the frame really well, and they’ve continued to improve upon that design. As I mentioned above, I love the wave frame. Super easy to get on and off and it’s got a cool look as well. If you’re not a fan, this bike does come in both a Diamond and step-thru frame.
If you want it to, an e-bike can replace a car, which is better for good ol' Mother Earth. Weinart says many young professionals are now seeking a "car-free" or "car-lite" lifestyle. In fact, 65 percent of people said replacing car trips was the main reason for getting an e-bike, according to a recent report. Accessories, such as racks, baskets, fenders, and even cargo e-bikes (for toting groceries or kiddos) are all available to make commuting by bike easier and more comfortable.

In the year 1885, a British man named J.K. Stanley introduced what can fairly be described as the first modern bicycle. His Rover bike had wheels of equal size in the front and back and used a chain connecting the pedals and the rear wheel as a propulsion system. It was often marketed as a safety bike in contrast with the unstable Penny Farthing, and was a smashing success. The company went on to develop motorcycles and automobiles, remaining in business until the year 2005.
Is it worth $1700? I’ll let you be the judge. I don’t have a lot of experience with commuter ebikes so I don’t know how it compares. I do know that most of the ebike conversions I’ve seen look like science experiments. The Buffalo could pass for a normal bike, and look a little more accessible to a first time ebike user. So, although I’m not planning on riding this, I am planning on using it. So I’ll keep it around for a while and let you guys know what I think long term.

{"id":466994987047,"title":"SONDORS Thin (In-Stock US\/Canada Only)","handle":"sondors-thin-us-canada-only","description":"\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan\u003eSONDORS Thin, the sleekest electric bike ever.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan\u003e Impeccable components, clean lines, and lightweight design define SONDORS Thin. SONDORS proprietary, lithium-ion battery and all-aluminum frame, make Thin the perfect mode of transportation for the daily commuter or weekend adventurer in you.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#990000\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cb\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#990000\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/manage.kmail-lists.com\/subscriptions\/subscribe?a=sW3t57\u0026amp;g=Ns6TEy\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eSIGN UP HERE\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#990000\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#990000\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003efor exclusive VIP access and email announcements of SONDORS limited-quantity pre-sale events. \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eThe instant you ride Thin, you know you've never felt anything like it. With SONDORS Thin you have the freedom of full-electric power with a simple press of a thumb throttle, or the option of electric pedal assist cycling.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eYou’ll be dropping jaws and turning heads with Thin flawless styling and superior performance. And when you reach your destination without breaking a sweat, you’ll find Thin extraordinarily light and convenient.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eThis eye-catching beauty has set the precedent in ultra-light electric bike transportation, and that's just the start.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN FRAME\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin durable, 100% aluminum, 19” frame is a one-size-fits-most, and weighs in at just 4.2 pounds - offering a total bike weight of only 38 pounds.\u003c\/span\u003e \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN BATTERY AND UPGRADE OPTION\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #000000;\"\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin battery is a proprietary design. Unique to SONDORS, this 36V 8.7Ah lithium-ion battery boasts Panasonic cells and the SONDORS patented triangular shape, making it ingeniously slender, lightweight, and a perfect fit for Thin.\u003c\/span\u003e \u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin, is also available with a 36V 10.5Ah battery upgrade providing greater hill-climbing power, towing capacity, and an approximate increase in range of up to 25 miles* straight electric and up to 60 miles* using electric pedal assist.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #000000;\"\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003e*Range estimates are contingent upon rider and towing weight, riding style, wind speed and terrain.\u003c\/span\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN MOTOR\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin packs a 350W motor, providing more than enough to power your daily commute or a zip down your favorite route. And with speeds up to 20 mph, SONDORS Thin will get you there with quickness and style.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003e\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN TIRES\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin is an artful conception - and its Kenda brand tires are no exception. Measuring in at a sleek \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003e28” x 1.75”, \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eThin tires keep it lean and light while enhancing the overall ease of maneuvering and handling.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN RANGE\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eWith the use of the included SONDORS Thin 36V 8.7Ah lithium-ion battery and electric pedal assist, many riders can experience a varied battery range of up to 30-50 miles*. When using straight electric power (without pedaling), the range can fluctuate to up to 20 miles*.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS Thin, 36V 10.5Ah battery upgrade provides an approximate increase in range of up to 25 miles* straight electric and up to 60 miles* using electric pedal assist.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400; color: #000000;\"\u003e*Both range estimates are contingent upon rider and towing weight, riding style, wind speed and terrain.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN LCD SCREEN UPGRADE INCLUDED\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin comes with an LCD screen upgrade - this feature supplies Thin with five levels of electric pedal assist plus added torque for increased hill climbing power, greater range, and improved towing capacity. In addition, the Thin LCD screen provides a digital display offering accurate battery level and distance traveled.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eTHIN FRONT SUSPENSION UPGRADE OPTION\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eA high-performance, shock-absorbing, non-adjustable, front suspension fork can be yours to take your SONDORS Thin riding comfort to the next level. You can expect better handling, improved cornering capabilities, and an overall smoother riding experience.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eTHIN SHIPPING AND DELIVERY INCLUDED\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eYou can rest assured, each component of your new SONDORS is carefully wrapped in heavy-duty protective materials and packed with love in our famous SONDORS ultra-thick, 7-layered \"motorcycle-grade\" box. The purchase of your new SONDORS includes hand delivery to your door via U.P.S. ground shipping for oversized packages within the contiguous United States.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003ePLEASE NOTE: Shipments to Alaska, Hawaii and Canada will incur an extended area surcharge at checkout. (Alaska and Hawaii: $59.00 \/ \u003cspan\u003eCanada: $99.00 USD)\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e*IMPORTANT:\u003c\/strong\u003e All SONDORS shown here are available for delivery in \u003cstrong\u003eU.S. and Canada Only. \u003c\/strong\u003eFor SONDORS currently available in E.U., Switzerland and Norway, visit \u003ca href=\"https:\/\/sondors.com\/collections\/europe\"\u003e\u003cstrong style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eSONDORS Europe \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e","published_at":"2018-10-02T12:37:00-07:00","created_at":"2018-01-16T08:13:54-08:00","vendor":"SONDORS Electric Bikes","type":"Electric Bike","tags":["36V","aluminum","aluminumframe","bike","genuineshimano","ion","kenda","lithium","lithiumion","sondors","steel","steelframe"],"price":87900,"price_min":87900,"price_max":113900,"available":true,"price_varies":true,"compare_at_price":null,"compare_at_price_min":0,"compare_at_price_max":0,"compare_at_price_varies":false,"variants":[{"id":6559594283047,"title":"Black Matte \/ 8.7Ah Battery\/5-Speed Electric Pedal Assist","option1":"Black Matte","option2":"8.7Ah Battery\/5-Speed Electric Pedal Assist","option3":null,"sku":"169","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":true,"featured_image":{"id":1724049981479,"product_id":466994987047,"position":1,"created_at":"2018-01-19T12:11:19-08:00","updated_at":"2018-05-25T09:22:30-07:00","alt":"SONDORS Thin (In-Stock US\/Canada Only) - 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SONDORS Electric Bikes","width":5000,"height":3250,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Thin_7_White_Susp_R_Side.JPG?v=1527265350","variant_ids":[6559748816935]},"available":false,"name":"SONDORS Thin (In-Stock US\/Canada Only) - Pearl \/ 10.5Ah Battery\/7-Speed Derailleur\/Suspension Fork","public_title":"Pearl \/ 10.5Ah Battery\/7-Speed Derailleur\/Suspension Fork","options":["Pearl","10.5Ah Battery\/7-Speed Derailleur\/Suspension Fork"],"price":113900,"weight":226796,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_quantity":0,"inventory_management":"shopify","inventory_policy":"deny","barcode":""}],"images":["\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Thin_BMatte_R_Side.jpg?v=1527265350","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Thin_Indigo_R_Side.jpg?v=1527265350","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Thin_White_R_Side.jpg?v=1527265350","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Thin_7_Indigo_R_Side.JPG?v=1527265350","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Thin_7_BMatte_Susp_R_Side.JPG?v=1527265350","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Thin_7_White_Susp_R_Side.JPG?v=1527265350"],"featured_image":"\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Thin_BMatte_R_Side.jpg?v=1527265350","options":["Color","Description"],"content":"\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan\u003eSONDORS Thin, the sleekest electric bike ever.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan\u003e Impeccable components, clean lines, and lightweight design define SONDORS Thin. SONDORS proprietary, lithium-ion battery and all-aluminum frame, make Thin the perfect mode of transportation for the daily commuter or weekend adventurer in you.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#990000\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cb\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#990000\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/manage.kmail-lists.com\/subscriptions\/subscribe?a=sW3t57\u0026amp;g=Ns6TEy\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eSIGN UP HERE\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#990000\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#990000\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003efor exclusive VIP access and email announcements of SONDORS limited-quantity pre-sale events. \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eThe instant you ride Thin, you know you've never felt anything like it. With SONDORS Thin you have the freedom of full-electric power with a simple press of a thumb throttle, or the option of electric pedal assist cycling.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eYou’ll be dropping jaws and turning heads with Thin flawless styling and superior performance. And when you reach your destination without breaking a sweat, you’ll find Thin extraordinarily light and convenient.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eThis eye-catching beauty has set the precedent in ultra-light electric bike transportation, and that's just the start.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN FRAME\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin durable, 100% aluminum, 19” frame is a one-size-fits-most, and weighs in at just 4.2 pounds - offering a total bike weight of only 38 pounds.\u003c\/span\u003e \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN BATTERY AND UPGRADE OPTION\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #000000;\"\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin battery is a proprietary design. Unique to SONDORS, this 36V 8.7Ah lithium-ion battery boasts Panasonic cells and the SONDORS patented triangular shape, making it ingeniously slender, lightweight, and a perfect fit for Thin.\u003c\/span\u003e \u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin, is also available with a 36V 10.5Ah battery upgrade providing greater hill-climbing power, towing capacity, and an approximate increase in range of up to 25 miles* straight electric and up to 60 miles* using electric pedal assist.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #000000;\"\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003e*Range estimates are contingent upon rider and towing weight, riding style, wind speed and terrain.\u003c\/span\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN MOTOR\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin packs a 350W motor, providing more than enough to power your daily commute or a zip down your favorite route. And with speeds up to 20 mph, SONDORS Thin will get you there with quickness and style.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003e\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN TIRES\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin is an artful conception - and its Kenda brand tires are no exception. Measuring in at a sleek \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003e28” x 1.75”, \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eThin tires keep it lean and light while enhancing the overall ease of maneuvering and handling.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN RANGE\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eWith the use of the included SONDORS Thin 36V 8.7Ah lithium-ion battery and electric pedal assist, many riders can experience a varied battery range of up to 30-50 miles*. When using straight electric power (without pedaling), the range can fluctuate to up to 20 miles*.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS Thin, 36V 10.5Ah battery upgrade provides an approximate increase in range of up to 25 miles* straight electric and up to 60 miles* using electric pedal assist.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400; color: #000000;\"\u003e*Both range estimates are contingent upon rider and towing weight, riding style, wind speed and terrain.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN LCD SCREEN UPGRADE INCLUDED\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin comes with an LCD screen upgrade - this feature supplies Thin with five levels of electric pedal assist plus added torque for increased hill climbing power, greater range, and improved towing capacity. In addition, the Thin LCD screen provides a digital display offering accurate battery level and distance traveled.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eTHIN FRONT SUSPENSION UPGRADE OPTION\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eA high-performance, shock-absorbing, non-adjustable, front suspension fork can be yours to take your SONDORS Thin riding comfort to the next level. You can expect better handling, improved cornering capabilities, and an overall smoother riding experience.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eTHIN SHIPPING AND DELIVERY INCLUDED\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eYou can rest assured, each component of your new SONDORS is carefully wrapped in heavy-duty protective materials and packed with love in our famous SONDORS ultra-thick, 7-layered \"motorcycle-grade\" box. The purchase of your new SONDORS includes hand delivery to your door via U.P.S. ground shipping for oversized packages within the contiguous United States.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003ePLEASE NOTE: Shipments to Alaska, Hawaii and Canada will incur an extended area surcharge at checkout. (Alaska and Hawaii: $59.00 \/ \u003cspan\u003eCanada: $99.00 USD)\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e*IMPORTANT:\u003c\/strong\u003e All SONDORS shown here are available for delivery in \u003cstrong\u003eU.S. and Canada Only. \u003c\/strong\u003eFor SONDORS currently available in E.U., Switzerland and Norway, visit \u003ca href=\"https:\/\/sondors.com\/collections\/europe\"\u003e\u003cstrong style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eSONDORS Europe \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e"}
Adam Boesel, inventor of the UpCycle Ecocharger, is using Electric Bike Tech hub motors and working with GM and Chevrolet to build bicycle generators featured at the 2015 Pan Amercian Games!   Adam Boesel is using Electric Bike Technologies hub motors on bicycles that generate electricity! Now General Motors has taken his idea to the 2015 Pan American Games and is using them to show people how PLAY can literally...
Like the Currie, the Rayos has a lot of torque, independent human and electric drive systems, and a drive system that freewheels when not in use. The electronics shut the motor off at 80% battery discharge to avoid a full discharge (which really shortens the life of lead-acid batteries). The Rayos is an 8-speed bike that uses standard bike parts. Seats, handlebars, brakes and other non-electric parts can be found at a supercenter or bike store. Electric parts can be obtained from Rayos dealers.
Controllers for brushed motors: Brushed motors are also used in e-bikes but are becoming less common due to their intrinsic lower efficiency. Controllers for brushed motors however are much simpler and cheaper due to the fact they don't require hall sensor feedback and are typically designed to be open-loop controllers. Some controllers can handle multiple voltages.
The Riese & Müller Load Touring HS is billed as “the ultimate minivan of e-bikes,” and it holds up to that claim. With a low center of gravity (aided by the 20-inch front and 26-inch rear wheels) the Load is easy to handle. Tektro hydraulic disc brakes add control, and front and rear suspension provide comfort. The Bosch motor offers an assist up to 275 percent of your effort until you hit 28mph, when it cuts out. The massive cargo space (with side walls) can carry and the two 500Wh batteries give you 12 hours or more of range at full power. It’s capable of toting up to 220 pounds of pets, people, and less-animate cargo. R&M also sells a double child seat for kids up to age 6 and a child-seat fastener for your youngest passengers.
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