Unlike most e-bikes, the Brompton's battery is integrated into a bag that sits on the front of the bike. While that detracts slightly from the classic, streamlined design, it's handy as it can be unclipped for charging or riding as a regular bike – it's probably one of the easiest to ride without battery assistance thanks to its weight. The battery also powers two lights for safe commuting. 
Like the Currie, the Rayos has a lot of torque, independent human and electric drive systems, and a drive system that freewheels when not in use. The electronics shut the motor off at 80% battery discharge to avoid a full discharge (which really shortens the life of lead-acid batteries). The Rayos is an 8-speed bike that uses standard bike parts. Seats, handlebars, brakes and other non-electric parts can be found at a supercenter or bike store. Electric parts can be obtained from Rayos dealers.

Electric Bike Conversion Kits are prepackaged sets of components designed to fit on a normal bike and convert it into an Electric Bike. These kits make it easier for end-users to find compatible, functioning parts and purchase them all together. A kit can range from a complete system that includes all the small parts you need, to DIY kits that include only a few parts and leave the rest up to the user.
There are two main types of motor to suit different riding styles. The durable, "heavy duty" Direct-Drive motor, and the lightweight, efficient and fast "performance" geared motor. Electric Bike Motors, hub motors in particular, and electric bike batteries are what make electric bicycles go. Using a hand throttle you control the flow of electric current from the battery to the brushless motor. With an intelligent 20 Amp controller regulating the...
In a parallel hybrid motorized bicycle, such as the aforementioned 1897 invention by Hosea W. Libbey, human and motor inputs are mechanically coupled either in the bottom bracket, the rear wheel, or the front wheel, whereas in a (mechanical) series hybrid cycle, the human and motor inputs are coupled through differential gearing. In an (electronic) series hybrid cycle, human power is converted into electricity and is fed directly into the motor and mostly additional electricity is supplied from a battery.

Fly Rides is back with the top 10 electric for commuting in 2018! Why top ten instead of eight? Because there are too many good choices this year! Electric commuting bikes are primed for more popularity this year than ever. With major cities across the country improving their biking infrastructure (finally), and electric bikes now having the capability to take you 60 miles and further, commuting by ebike grows all the time. Let us help you figure out the best option for your commute with our blog on the top 10 electric bikes for commuting in 2018! Read on for our full list.
{"id":466994987047,"title":"SONDORS Thin (In-Stock US\/Canada Only)","handle":"sondors-thin-us-canada-only","description":"\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan\u003eSONDORS Thin, the sleekest electric bike ever.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan\u003e Impeccable components, clean lines, and lightweight design define SONDORS Thin. SONDORS proprietary, lithium-ion battery and all-aluminum frame, make Thin the perfect mode of transportation for the daily commuter or weekend adventurer in you.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#990000\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cb\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#990000\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/manage.kmail-lists.com\/subscriptions\/subscribe?a=sW3t57\u0026amp;g=Ns6TEy\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eSIGN UP HERE\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#990000\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#990000\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003efor exclusive VIP access and email announcements of SONDORS limited-quantity pre-sale events. \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eThe instant you ride Thin, you know you've never felt anything like it. With SONDORS Thin you have the freedom of full-electric power with a simple press of a thumb throttle, or the option of electric pedal assist cycling.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eYou’ll be dropping jaws and turning heads with Thin flawless styling and superior performance. And when you reach your destination without breaking a sweat, you’ll find Thin extraordinarily light and convenient.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eThis eye-catching beauty has set the precedent in ultra-light electric bike transportation, and that's just the start.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN FRAME\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin durable, 100% aluminum, 19” frame is a one-size-fits-most, and weighs in at just 4.2 pounds - offering a total bike weight of only 38 pounds.\u003c\/span\u003e \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN BATTERY AND UPGRADE OPTION\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #000000;\"\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin battery is a proprietary design. Unique to SONDORS, this 36V 8.7Ah lithium-ion battery boasts Panasonic cells and the SONDORS patented triangular shape, making it ingeniously slender, lightweight, and a perfect fit for Thin.\u003c\/span\u003e \u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin, is also available with a 36V 10.5Ah battery upgrade providing greater hill-climbing power, towing capacity, and an approximate increase in range of up to 25 miles* straight electric and up to 60 miles* using electric pedal assist.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #000000;\"\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003e*Range estimates are contingent upon rider and towing weight, riding style, wind speed and terrain.\u003c\/span\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN MOTOR\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin packs a 350W motor, providing more than enough to power your daily commute or a zip down your favorite route. And with speeds up to 20 mph, SONDORS Thin will get you there with quickness and style.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003e\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN TIRES\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin is an artful conception - and its Kenda brand tires are no exception. Measuring in at a sleek \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003e28” x 1.75”, \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eThin tires keep it lean and light while enhancing the overall ease of maneuvering and handling.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN RANGE\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eWith the use of the included SONDORS Thin 36V 8.7Ah lithium-ion battery and electric pedal assist, many riders can experience a varied battery range of up to 30-50 miles*. When using straight electric power (without pedaling), the range can fluctuate to up to 20 miles*.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS Thin, 36V 10.5Ah battery upgrade provides an approximate increase in range of up to 25 miles* straight electric and up to 60 miles* using electric pedal assist.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400; color: #000000;\"\u003e*Both range estimates are contingent upon rider and towing weight, riding style, wind speed and terrain.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN LCD SCREEN UPGRADE INCLUDED\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin comes with an LCD screen upgrade - this feature supplies Thin with five levels of electric pedal assist plus added torque for increased hill climbing power, greater range, and improved towing capacity. In addition, the Thin LCD screen provides a digital display offering accurate battery level and distance traveled.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eTHIN FRONT SUSPENSION UPGRADE OPTION\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eA high-performance, shock-absorbing, non-adjustable, front suspension fork can be yours to take your SONDORS Thin riding comfort to the next level. You can expect better handling, improved cornering capabilities, and an overall smoother riding experience.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eTHIN SHIPPING AND DELIVERY INCLUDED\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eYou can rest assured, each component of your new SONDORS is carefully wrapped in heavy-duty protective materials and packed with love in our famous SONDORS ultra-thick, 7-layered \"motorcycle-grade\" box. The purchase of your new SONDORS includes hand delivery to your door via U.P.S. ground shipping for oversized packages within the contiguous United States.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003ePLEASE NOTE: Shipments to Alaska, Hawaii and Canada will incur an extended area surcharge at checkout. (Alaska and Hawaii: $59.00 \/ \u003cspan\u003eCanada: $99.00 USD)\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e*IMPORTANT:\u003c\/strong\u003e All SONDORS shown here are available for delivery in \u003cstrong\u003eU.S. and Canada Only. \u003c\/strong\u003eFor SONDORS currently available in E.U., Switzerland and Norway, visit \u003ca href=\"https:\/\/sondors.com\/collections\/europe\"\u003e\u003cstrong style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eSONDORS Europe \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e","published_at":"2018-10-02T12:37:00-07:00","created_at":"2018-01-16T08:13:54-08:00","vendor":"SONDORS Electric Bikes","type":"Electric Bike","tags":["36V","aluminum","aluminumframe","bike","genuineshimano","ion","kenda","lithium","lithiumion","sondors","steel","steelframe"],"price":87900,"price_min":87900,"price_max":113900,"available":true,"price_varies":true,"compare_at_price":null,"compare_at_price_min":0,"compare_at_price_max":0,"compare_at_price_varies":false,"variants":[{"id":6559594283047,"title":"Black Matte \/ 8.7Ah Battery\/5-Speed Electric Pedal Assist","option1":"Black Matte","option2":"8.7Ah Battery\/5-Speed Electric Pedal Assist","option3":null,"sku":"169","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":true,"featured_image":{"id":1724049981479,"product_id":466994987047,"position":1,"created_at":"2018-01-19T12:11:19-08:00","updated_at":"2018-05-25T09:22:30-07:00","alt":"SONDORS Thin (In-Stock US\/Canada Only) - 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SONDORS Electric Bikes","width":5000,"height":3250,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Thin_7_White_Susp_R_Side.JPG?v=1527265350","variant_ids":[6559748816935]},"available":false,"name":"SONDORS Thin (In-Stock US\/Canada Only) - Pearl \/ 10.5Ah Battery\/7-Speed Derailleur\/Suspension Fork","public_title":"Pearl \/ 10.5Ah Battery\/7-Speed Derailleur\/Suspension Fork","options":["Pearl","10.5Ah Battery\/7-Speed Derailleur\/Suspension Fork"],"price":113900,"weight":226796,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_quantity":0,"inventory_management":"shopify","inventory_policy":"deny","barcode":""}],"images":["\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Thin_BMatte_R_Side.jpg?v=1527265350","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Thin_Indigo_R_Side.jpg?v=1527265350","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Thin_White_R_Side.jpg?v=1527265350","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Thin_7_Indigo_R_Side.JPG?v=1527265350","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Thin_7_BMatte_Susp_R_Side.JPG?v=1527265350","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Thin_7_White_Susp_R_Side.JPG?v=1527265350"],"featured_image":"\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Thin_BMatte_R_Side.jpg?v=1527265350","options":["Color","Description"],"content":"\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan\u003eSONDORS Thin, the sleekest electric bike ever.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan\u003e Impeccable components, clean lines, and lightweight design define SONDORS Thin. SONDORS proprietary, lithium-ion battery and all-aluminum frame, make Thin the perfect mode of transportation for the daily commuter or weekend adventurer in you.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#990000\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cb\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#990000\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/manage.kmail-lists.com\/subscriptions\/subscribe?a=sW3t57\u0026amp;g=Ns6TEy\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eSIGN UP HERE\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#990000\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#990000\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003efor exclusive VIP access and email announcements of SONDORS limited-quantity pre-sale events. \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eThe instant you ride Thin, you know you've never felt anything like it. With SONDORS Thin you have the freedom of full-electric power with a simple press of a thumb throttle, or the option of electric pedal assist cycling.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eYou’ll be dropping jaws and turning heads with Thin flawless styling and superior performance. And when you reach your destination without breaking a sweat, you’ll find Thin extraordinarily light and convenient.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eThis eye-catching beauty has set the precedent in ultra-light electric bike transportation, and that's just the start.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN FRAME\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin durable, 100% aluminum, 19” frame is a one-size-fits-most, and weighs in at just 4.2 pounds - offering a total bike weight of only 38 pounds.\u003c\/span\u003e \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN BATTERY AND UPGRADE OPTION\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #000000;\"\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin battery is a proprietary design. Unique to SONDORS, this 36V 8.7Ah lithium-ion battery boasts Panasonic cells and the SONDORS patented triangular shape, making it ingeniously slender, lightweight, and a perfect fit for Thin.\u003c\/span\u003e \u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin, is also available with a 36V 10.5Ah battery upgrade providing greater hill-climbing power, towing capacity, and an approximate increase in range of up to 25 miles* straight electric and up to 60 miles* using electric pedal assist.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #000000;\"\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003e*Range estimates are contingent upon rider and towing weight, riding style, wind speed and terrain.\u003c\/span\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN MOTOR\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin packs a 350W motor, providing more than enough to power your daily commute or a zip down your favorite route. And with speeds up to 20 mph, SONDORS Thin will get you there with quickness and style.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003e\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN TIRES\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin is an artful conception - and its Kenda brand tires are no exception. Measuring in at a sleek \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003e28” x 1.75”, \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eThin tires keep it lean and light while enhancing the overall ease of maneuvering and handling.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN RANGE\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eWith the use of the included SONDORS Thin 36V 8.7Ah lithium-ion battery and electric pedal assist, many riders can experience a varied battery range of up to 30-50 miles*. When using straight electric power (without pedaling), the range can fluctuate to up to 20 miles*.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS Thin, 36V 10.5Ah battery upgrade provides an approximate increase in range of up to 25 miles* straight electric and up to 60 miles* using electric pedal assist.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400; color: #000000;\"\u003e*Both range estimates are contingent upon rider and towing weight, riding style, wind speed and terrain.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN LCD SCREEN UPGRADE INCLUDED\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin comes with an LCD screen upgrade - this feature supplies Thin with five levels of electric pedal assist plus added torque for increased hill climbing power, greater range, and improved towing capacity. In addition, the Thin LCD screen provides a digital display offering accurate battery level and distance traveled.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eTHIN FRONT SUSPENSION UPGRADE OPTION\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eA high-performance, shock-absorbing, non-adjustable, front suspension fork can be yours to take your SONDORS Thin riding comfort to the next level. You can expect better handling, improved cornering capabilities, and an overall smoother riding experience.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eTHIN SHIPPING AND DELIVERY INCLUDED\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eYou can rest assured, each component of your new SONDORS is carefully wrapped in heavy-duty protective materials and packed with love in our famous SONDORS ultra-thick, 7-layered \"motorcycle-grade\" box. The purchase of your new SONDORS includes hand delivery to your door via U.P.S. ground shipping for oversized packages within the contiguous United States.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003ePLEASE NOTE: Shipments to Alaska, Hawaii and Canada will incur an extended area surcharge at checkout. (Alaska and Hawaii: $59.00 \/ \u003cspan\u003eCanada: $99.00 USD)\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e*IMPORTANT:\u003c\/strong\u003e All SONDORS shown here are available for delivery in \u003cstrong\u003eU.S. and Canada Only. \u003c\/strong\u003eFor SONDORS currently available in E.U., Switzerland and Norway, visit \u003ca href=\"https:\/\/sondors.com\/collections\/europe\"\u003e\u003cstrong style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eSONDORS Europe \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e"}
The environmental effects involved in recharging the batteries can of course be reduced. The small size of the battery pack on an e-bike, relative to the larger pack used in an electric car, makes them very good candidates for charging via solar power or other renewable energy resources. Sanyo capitalized on this benefit when it set up "solar parking lots", in which e-bike riders can charge their vehicles while parked under photovoltaic panels.[66]

5. Prizes: The approximate retail value of all prizes is $1361. The prizes are: Performance E-BikeKit or Heavy Duty E-BikeKit. You are not guaranteed to win a prize and your chance of winning is dependent on the total number of eligible entries received. Actual/appraised value may differ at time of prize award. The specifics of the prize shall be solely determined by the Sponsor. No cash or other prize substitution permitted except at Sponsor's discretion. The prize is nontransferable. Any and all prize related expenses, including without limitation any and all federal, state, and local taxes shall be the sole responsibility of the winner. No substitution of prize or transfer/assignment of prize to others or request for the cash equivalent by winners is permitted. Acceptance of prize constitutes permission for Electric Bike Technologies LLC to use winner's name, likeness, and entry for purposes of advertising and trade without further compensation, unless prohibited by law.
Although ebikes are easier to use in some instances, such as climbing hills, there are safety concerns. Because the bikes are heavier than traditional bikes, balance can be a problem. And, of course, ebikes allow people to cycle at higher speeds than usual. “A normal rider will average between 12 to 15 mph, where an ebike rider will average between 15 to 20 mph,” Abadie says. An increase in the number of deaths of elderly male ebike riders in the Netherlands has been attributed to their overconfidence in being able to ride at high speeds and to mount and dismount the bikes.

Dan has a lifetime of experience with bicycles and is a hands-on expert when it comes to converting bicycle to electric.  Dan is the person you will most likely converse with on Live Chat. He can assist with diagnosing any issues and he is more than happy to enlighten those who ask on almost any topic related to electric bikes. Dan has been riding electric bikes almost daily since 2008...


The Super Commuter is very aptly named. The 350w Bosch motor will help you sustain speeds of up to 28mph, and the burly, 2.4-inch wide, Schwalbe Super Moto-X 650b tires will keep you secure on even the roughest city streets, and Shimano Deore hydraulic brakes provide ample stopping power. Fenders provide welcome protection from road spray so you arrive at your destination fresh, integrated lights are critical for post-sunset riding, and a side-view mirror hanging on the left side of the handlebar gives a great view of traffic around you. After all, you can ride at the speed of urban traffic on the Super Commuter.
“Even if you deal with the tubing supply chain and consumer retail price tolerance, there is no supply chain here for the cables, shifters, crank sets, chains, saddles, and every other part. It would take decades to set all of this up, but you would first have to get consumers to the point where they will pay $1,800 for the bike that they could get for $400.”
Another great thing about this particular electric bike is that it comes with a Nuvinci shifter and belt drive system. This replaces a traditional derailleur, chain, and cassette. This means there is no need to tune your drivetrain or fix a broken chain. Nuvinci systems are virtually maintenance free, which is great for beginning bike tourists who don’t want to spend half a day figuring out what went wrong with their drivetrain.
Another independent e-bike dealership, Adam Solar Rides in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, is also feeling the crunch. With essentially zero low-cost electric bicycle manufacturers in the US, Adam Solar Rides imports their entire lineup of electric bicycles from abroad, mostly from China. Like many small businesses owners, they are left with questions about how exactly the unclear tariffs might affect them and other e-bike dealers.
Another reason I chose the Lacuba Evo E8 is because of its overall geometry. First, check out the upright position you’ll be riding in. This positioning is ideal for bike touring because you’ll be traveling long distances. You’ll be much more comfortable in this position than you probably would be hunched over a road or hybrid bike. I also love how the Brose battery integrates completely into the downtube. Not only does this hide the fact that you’re getting a little extra help (if you’re self-conscious about that), but it also leaves you space to mount water bottle cages, a frame pump, or even a frame-mounted bag. These are sometimes crucial items during a bicycle tour, and many electric bikes cannot accommodate these due to the protrusion caused by a battery.
Both land management regulators and mountain bike trail access advocates have argued for bans of electric bicycles on outdoor trails that are accessible to mountain bikes, citing potential safety hazards as well as the potential for electric bikes to damage trails. A study conducted by the International Mountain Bicycling Association, however, found that the physical impacts of low-powered pedal-assist electric mountain bikes may be similar to traditional mountain bikes.[68]
Designed for riding around town, this pedal-assist bike has four levels of electric assistance – Eco, Tour, Sport and Turbo – and a maximum assisted speed of 20 miles per hour. This is a well designed and engineered bike, with Shimano Nexus components and a Bosch Performance electric-assist mid-drive system. Front and rear lights are included, and you can even use the battery to charge your smartphone. The integrated ring-lock will help deter would-be thieves, but it’s always best to back this up with a dedicated bike lock.
There are two basic categories of electric bike, and their uses don't offer equal crossover value. The first category is essentially a normal bicycle that has been outfitted with an electric motor. These bikes are the same size as a standard bicycle, and handle almost identically, save for the obvious benefit of added motive power thanks to a motor and battery.
But with increased demand and production, as well as technology improvements thanks to advances in the electric car industry, the cost of components like lithium-ion batteries comes down, Weinert explains. Now, e-bikes are on the market as low as around $1,200 (like the Monroe 250 from Schwinn, available in November 2017). Plus, the competition is stiff. “There are more brands producing than there were five years ago, and they all have to be competitive," LaLonde says.
On a trip to Palo Alto last year, we had the chance to ride Specialized’s pedal-assisted Turbo Vado and the model is still our favorite ebike on the market. Utilizing a 350-watt motor and 604-watt-hour lithium-ion battery, the Turbo Vado is capable of traveling a whopping 80 miles on a single charge, which should be more than enough for any daily commute with plenty of miles left over.
The other thing to consider is that this is a Kickstarter project, so you aren’t directly purchasing from the company, but rather “backing the project” in exchange for a bike. Technically, Stark Drive, or any Kickstarter creator, could cut and run with the money, leaving their backers without legal recourse. In this case though, Stark Drive has already run a successful crowdfunding campaign for their previous bike and demonstrated their ability to deliver, so this is probably at least somewhat safer than a brand new Kickstarter start-up.
As far as battery life goes, e-bikes get their juice from a rechargeable battery usually located on or integrated into the frame, and many are removable, so you can power up wherever it’s convenient. The length of your ride and how often you use the bike will determine how frequently you have to charge up. “An e-bike battery can last anywhere from 15 to 60 miles depending on the terrain, how much assist you select, and the rider’s weight, among other factors,” says Jonathan Weinert, North American sales and marketing manager for Bosch eBike Systems. “With a dual battery [like the one Bosch has], you can double that range [around 20 to 120 miles], so it’s very feasible to commute for a week without charging.”
“Our first-generation bike used the same type of 36-volt, 10-amp-hour battery,” he says. “It got between 20 and 30 miles of range, and that’s riding with pedal assist. Using just the throttle you might get 20, less if you’re running on sand or up hills. The charge time is also problematic; with that kind of battery you’re looking at four to six hours, not 90 minutes.”
DRIVE MOTOR  The EcoBike is powered by an innovative hub-mounted, brushless permanent magnet motor with a triple planetary gear drive system and proprietary heat resistant materials.  The propulsion system delivers the highest torque and is the quietest in its class.  The drive motor is nominally rated for continuous output at 360 watts (Elegance & Adventure) and 290 watts (Vatavio).

Cargo bikes and city bikes are common in the e-bike space, but until recently we haven’t seen that many performance road bikes. The Giant Road E+1 is a pedal-assist performance road bike that’s made for more than just commuting; the powerful motor can rank you up to 28mph very quickly on the highest setting so you can rip the flats, join your local group ride, or blast through the mountains with far less effort than a traditional road bike. Don't expect it to feel like a 16lb race bike when you lean it into high-speed turns, but the endurance-oriented geometry allows for an aggressive position on the bike and keeps the it nimble and agile at high speed.

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