The two most common types of hub motors used in electric bicycles are brushed and brushless. Many configurations are available, varying in cost and complexity; direct-drive and geared motor units are both used. An electric power-assist system may be added to almost any pedal cycle using chain drive, belt drive, hub motors or friction drive. BLDC hub motors are a common modern design. The motor is built into the wheel hub itself, and the stator fixed solidly to the axle, and the magnets attached to and rotating with the wheel. The bicycle wheel hub is the motor. The power levels of motors used are influenced by available legal categories and are often, but not always limited to under 750 watts.
Although ebikes are easier to use in some instances, such as climbing hills, there are safety concerns. Because the bikes are heavier than traditional bikes, balance can be a problem. And, of course, ebikes allow people to cycle at higher speeds than usual. “A normal rider will average between 12 to 15 mph, where an ebike rider will average between 15 to 20 mph,” Abadie says. An increase in the number of deaths of elderly male ebike riders in the Netherlands has been attributed to their overconfidence in being able to ride at high speeds and to mount and dismount the bikes.
"Bargain Buys" Most electric bikes priced less than $600 at big box retailers and on-line are aimed at the kid/teen/toy market. They generally lack the performance and durability that people want and expect. Also, parts and service can be problematic with both big box retailers and on-line vendors. We urge you to invest in a quality e-bike, preferably from a local dealer, that will serve you (and others) for many years. Remember, if it's poorly constructed and you can't get repair parts, it will likely become land-fill material. Save, beg, or borrow the money to get a quality bike or kit.

While the first electric bicycle was invented way back in the 1890s, historically e-bikes have struggled to gain momentum, only breaking into the market in mainland Europe at the turn of the 21st century. E-bikes now account for 38.5pc of all bicycles sales in Germany (Holland and France and also big players); belatedly, the trend is starting to register in the UK. Battery assisted bikes now make up around a third of bike sales at Evans Cycles West End.


Both land management regulators and mountain bike trail access advocates have argued for bans of electric bicycles on outdoor trails that are accessible to mountain bikes, citing potential safety hazards as well as the potential for electric bikes to damage trails. A study conducted by the International Mountain Bicycling Association, however, found that the physical impacts of low-powered pedal-assist electric mountain bikes may be similar to traditional mountain bikes.[68]
It’s impressive just how traditional a finish they’ve achieved for a pedal-assist bike, especially considering the motor uses Kinetic Energy Recovery to charge itself (like F1 Cars). Firing up the motor is achieved by back-pedaling three times (while travelling over 8mph). It’s a neat idea, and a clever way of doing away with those cables and switches, but in reality it’s fiddly. Riding in the city we occasionally felt ridiculous on a busy street pedaling backward rather than forward to kick off the assist. It’s also a chore getting the bike to speed and going through the motion to activate in tight spaces such as underground garages or on an incline.
Proud to assemble the first Stromer ST5 in the US for a very special customer! @vancityreynolds #Repost @stromerbike with @get_repost ・・・ Ryan Reynolds is since 5 years a happy user of Stromer. Today we delivered him the new ST5 personally. #stromer #ryanreynolds #commute #happy #st5 #electricbikes #ebike #car #futuremobility #cycling #thoemus #amazing 22.07.2018 - 22:06
Fat E-Trike from Sun and E-BikeKit™ at Interbike 2014 Fat bikes and electric bikes were all the rage this year at interbike in Las Vegas. It seemed almost every bike vendor at the show has at least one fat bike model in their booth this year. On top of the fats were the electric bikes. And I think it goes without saying that nobody wants to actually pedal a fat...
{"id":466985713703,"title":"SONDORS Original (In-Stock US\/Canada Only)","handle":"sondors-original-us-canada-only","description":"\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eWith its spectacular, knobby, all-terrain tires, SONDORS Original provides all-around comfort and sturdy confidence. Whether you’re commuting to work, meeting friends, or out exploring nature, SONDORS Original steals the show. This eye-catching versatility matched with the lowest price tag in the industry has led SONDORS Original to become the best-selling electric bike in the United States. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL FRAME\u003c\/b\u003e\u003cbr\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS Original durable steel, 17.75” frame is one-size-fits-most.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL BATTERY AND UPGRADE OPTION\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS Original includes a 36V 8.7 Ah lithium-ion battery and charger. SONDORS Original is also available with an optional 36V 12.8 Ah lithium-ion battery upgrade. This upgrade offers a more powerful version of the SONDORS Original by extending your ride with a 20-30% increase in range, and greater torque to further enhance your hill-climbing, acceleration, and towing capacity*. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e*Both range and power increase estimates are contingent upon rider and towing weight, wind speed and terrain.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL MOTOR\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan\u003eSONDORS Original totes a 350W motor, providing more than enough to power your daily commute, a cruise on the beach, or a meander along your favorite trail. And with speeds up to 20 mph, SONDORS Original will get you there swiftly.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL TIRES\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan\u003eSONDORS Original is a showstopper - and its legendary, all-terrain tires are more than the reason. Measuring in at a chunky 26 x 4.9 inches, SONDORS Original tires keep it sturdy and versatile while conquering pavement, sand, dirt or snow.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eORIGINAL FRONT SUSPENSION UPGRADE OPTION\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eA high-performance, shock-absorbing, non-adjustable, front suspension fork can be yours to take your SONDORS Original riding comfort to the next level. You can expect better handling, improved cornering capabilities, and an overall smoother riding experience. (*Please note: adding suspension fork can increase overall weight by approximately 10lbs.) \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL LCD SCREEN UPGRADE INCLUDED\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eThe 2018 SONDORS Original comes standard with LCD screen upgrade - this feature supplies five levels of electric pedal assist plus added torque for increased hill-climbing power, greater range, and improved towing capacity. In addition, the LCD screen provides a digital display offering accurate battery level and distance traveled.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL RANGE\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eWith the use of the included SONDORS Original 36V 8.7 Ah lithium-ion battery along with electric pedal assist, many riders can experience a varied battery range of up to 25-40 miles*. When using straight electric power (without pedaling), the range can fluctuate to up to 20 miles*. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eSONDORS Original, 36V 12.8 Ah battery upgrade provides an approximate increase in range of up to 30 miles* straight electric and up to 58 miles* using electric pedal assist.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e*Both range estimates are contingent upon rider and towing weight, riding style, wind speed and terrain. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL WEIGHT\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan\u003eSONDORS Original is built with endurance and adaptability in mind. It means business with its all-steel frame, all-terrain tires, and readiness to vanquish nearly any landscape. SONDORS Original has been known to inspire confidence as it rolls in with conviction at a total approximate weight of 60 pounds (depending on configuration*).\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL SHIPPING AND DELIVERY\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eYou can rest assured, each component of your new SONDORS is carefully wrapped in heavy-duty protective materials and packed with love in our famous SONDORS ultra-thick, 7-layered \"motorcycle-grade\" box. The purchase of your new SONDORS includes hand delivery to your door via U.P.S. ground shipping for oversized packages within the contiguous United States.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003ePLEASE NOTE: Shipments to Alaska, Hawaii and Canada will incur an extended area surcharge at checkout. 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Whether you’re commuting to work, meeting friends, or out exploring nature, SONDORS Original steals the show. This eye-catching versatility matched with the lowest price tag in the industry has led SONDORS Original to become the best-selling electric bike in the United States. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL FRAME\u003c\/b\u003e\u003cbr\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS Original durable steel, 17.75” frame is one-size-fits-most.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL BATTERY AND UPGRADE OPTION\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS Original includes a 36V 8.7 Ah lithium-ion battery and charger. SONDORS Original is also available with an optional 36V 12.8 Ah lithium-ion battery upgrade. This upgrade offers a more powerful version of the SONDORS Original by extending your ride with a 20-30% increase in range, and greater torque to further enhance your hill-climbing, acceleration, and towing capacity*. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e*Both range and power increase estimates are contingent upon rider and towing weight, wind speed and terrain.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL MOTOR\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan\u003eSONDORS Original totes a 350W motor, providing more than enough to power your daily commute, a cruise on the beach, or a meander along your favorite trail. And with speeds up to 20 mph, SONDORS Original will get you there swiftly.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL TIRES\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan\u003eSONDORS Original is a showstopper - and its legendary, all-terrain tires are more than the reason. Measuring in at a chunky 26 x 4.9 inches, SONDORS Original tires keep it sturdy and versatile while conquering pavement, sand, dirt or snow.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eORIGINAL FRONT SUSPENSION UPGRADE OPTION\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eA high-performance, shock-absorbing, non-adjustable, front suspension fork can be yours to take your SONDORS Original riding comfort to the next level. You can expect better handling, improved cornering capabilities, and an overall smoother riding experience. (*Please note: adding suspension fork can increase overall weight by approximately 10lbs.) \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL LCD SCREEN UPGRADE INCLUDED\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eThe 2018 SONDORS Original comes standard with LCD screen upgrade - this feature supplies five levels of electric pedal assist plus added torque for increased hill-climbing power, greater range, and improved towing capacity. In addition, the LCD screen provides a digital display offering accurate battery level and distance traveled.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL RANGE\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eWith the use of the included SONDORS Original 36V 8.7 Ah lithium-ion battery along with electric pedal assist, many riders can experience a varied battery range of up to 25-40 miles*. When using straight electric power (without pedaling), the range can fluctuate to up to 20 miles*. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eSONDORS Original, 36V 12.8 Ah battery upgrade provides an approximate increase in range of up to 30 miles* straight electric and up to 58 miles* using electric pedal assist.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e*Both range estimates are contingent upon rider and towing weight, riding style, wind speed and terrain. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL WEIGHT\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan\u003eSONDORS Original is built with endurance and adaptability in mind. It means business with its all-steel frame, all-terrain tires, and readiness to vanquish nearly any landscape. SONDORS Original has been known to inspire confidence as it rolls in with conviction at a total approximate weight of 60 pounds (depending on configuration*).\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL SHIPPING AND DELIVERY\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eYou can rest assured, each component of your new SONDORS is carefully wrapped in heavy-duty protective materials and packed with love in our famous SONDORS ultra-thick, 7-layered \"motorcycle-grade\" box. The purchase of your new SONDORS includes hand delivery to your door via U.P.S. ground shipping for oversized packages within the contiguous United States.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003ePLEASE NOTE: Shipments to Alaska, Hawaii and Canada will incur an extended area surcharge at checkout. (Alaska and Hawaii: $59.00 \/ \u003cspan\u003eCanada: $99.00 USD)\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eIMPORTANT:\u003c\/strong\u003e All SONDORS shown here are available for delivery in \u003cstrong\u003eU.S. and Canada ONLY. \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003eFor SONDORS available in E.U., Norway and Switzerland, visit \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/sondors.com\/collections\/europe\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eSONDORS Europe Collection\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e"}
Another type of electric assist motor, often referred to as the mid-drive system, is increasing in popularity. With this system, the electric motor is not built into the wheel but is usually mounted near (often under) the bottom bracket shell. In more typical configurations, a cog or wheel on the motor drives a belt or chain that engages with a pulley or sprocket fixed to one of the arms of the bicycle's crankset. Thus the propulsion is provided at the pedals rather than at the wheel, being eventually applied to the wheel via the bicycle's standard drive train.
In full-electric mode, the Pedego City Commuter Classic Electric Bike is capable of moving at up to 20 mph for anywhere from 15 to 30 miles. There are two further options: power-assisted pedaling or fully "unplugged” riding. Renowned Shimano gears are easy to select. Seldom do we come across a product so universally praised by owners. It's not cheap, but comments like "Everything I hoped for!" and "Outstanding!" tell us that it's money well spent.
Pedal Assist Electric Bikes, also known as "E-bikes," are bicycles that have an electric motor to assist riders. The motor is powered by a battery and only assists the cyclist when he/she is pedaling. Electric bikes come in many different styles including commuter, recreational, step-thru with low-entry frames, cargo and mountain. They all have one thing in common: e-bikes are very simple to ride – if you can ride a bike you can ride an electric bike!
The UpCycle Eco-Charger is a Powerful Bicycle Generator that Utilizes an E-BikeKit™ Hub Motor and Empowers You to Generate Your Own Electricity!   The UpCycle Eco-Charger was created by Adam Boesel, the founder of The Green Microgym Say goodbye to worrying about environmental disasters and hello to making the world a better place. The UpCycle Eco-Charger is the most efficient, reliable, and powerful bicycle generator ever. Over the past two...
The second type of electric bike is a much smaller, often foldable unit designed for convenient urban (or suburban) commuting and for easy storage in minimal space. These compact electric bikes are perfect for trips of a few miles, and many are small and lightweight enough to be carried onto trains or buses, allowing their rider to make use of multiple types of transportation in a single trip, and to store their bike in a closet or even under a desk at work, at school, or at home.
Ironically, not only would a US e-bike manufacturer need to import the raw materials for their frames, but they could still be subject to import tariffs that the Trump administration has placed on imported steel and aluminum from China. Thus, the e-bikes could end up even more expensive than just US-built e-bikes, as customers would also have to pay for the higher cost of the imported raw materials.
Out on the road the Soho is easy to fire up, just press the button hidden under the top tube (a nice discreet touch), you’ll then get a set of five top-tube mounted LED’s light up to give you a charge indication. First impressions were that the engagement of the motor is a little jerky in tight traffic (tested in central London) and you could find yourself pulled toward the cars you’re weaving though at slow speeds - unless you’re feathering the brakes.
Out on the road the Soho is easy to fire up, just press the button hidden under the top tube (a nice discreet touch), you’ll then get a set of five top-tube mounted LED’s light up to give you a charge indication. First impressions were that the engagement of the motor is a little jerky in tight traffic (tested in central London) and you could find yourself pulled toward the cars you’re weaving though at slow speeds - unless you’re feathering the brakes.
From the tropics to the polar caps, Stark Drive is designed to handle a broad range of temperature conditions with a ruggedized frame and high quality battery pack as well as all terrain tires (standard) or even our fat tire model. Take Stark Drive with you wherever you go. When Designing Stark Drive in Stockholm Sweden we were very conscious of the fact that weather effects battery life on your electric bike so we designed our electric bike with this in mind.

Controllers for brushless motors: E-bikes require high initial torque and therefore models that use brushless motors typically have Hall sensor commutation for speed and angle measurement. An electronic controller provides assistance as a function of the sensor inputs, the vehicle speed and the required force. The controllers generally allow input by means of potentiometer or Hall Effect twist grip (or thumb-operated lever throttle), closed-loop speed control for precise speed regulation, protection logic for over-voltage, over-current and thermal protection. Bikes with a pedal assist function typically have a disc on the crank shaft featuring a ring of magnets coupled with a Hall sensor giving rise to a series of pulses, the frequency of which is proportional to pedaling speed. The controller uses pulse width modulation to regulate the power to the motor. Sometimes support is provided for regenerative braking but infrequent braking and the low mass of bicycles limits recovered energy. An implementation is described in an application note for a 200 W, 24 V Brushless DC (BLDC) motor.[43]

Another independent e-bike dealership, Adam Solar Rides in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, is also feeling the crunch. With essentially zero low-cost electric bicycle manufacturers in the US, Adam Solar Rides imports their entire lineup of electric bicycles from abroad, mostly from China. Like many small businesses owners, they are left with questions about how exactly the unclear tariffs might affect them and other e-bike dealers.

Proud to assemble the first Stromer ST5 in the US for a very special customer! @vancityreynolds #Repost @stromerbike with @get_repost ・・・ Ryan Reynolds is since 5 years a happy user of Stromer. Today we delivered him the new ST5 personally. #stromer #ryanreynolds #commute #happy #st5 #electricbikes #ebike #car #futuremobility #cycling #thoemus #amazing 22.07.2018 - 22:06
As far as battery life goes, e-bikes get their juice from a rechargeable battery usually located on or integrated into the frame, and many are removable, so you can power up wherever it’s convenient. The length of your ride and how often you use the bike will determine how frequently you have to charge up. “An e-bike battery can last anywhere from 15 to 60 miles depending on the terrain, how much assist you select, and the rider’s weight, among other factors,” says Jonathan Weinert, North American sales and marketing manager for Bosch eBike Systems. “With a dual battery [like the one Bosch has], you can double that range [around 20 to 120 miles], so it’s very feasible to commute for a week without charging.”
Propel is a Brooklyn based electric bike shop serving NYC and beyond. We work with many electric bicycle brands including Felt, Specialized, Easy Motion, Cannondale, Riese & Müller, Stromer, Bulls, Haibike, Focus, Kalkoff, Moustache, Xtracycle and more. We carry many types of including fast electric bikes, electric cargo bikes, electric folding bikes and electric mountain bikes. Feel free to reach out if you have any questions about ebikes we’re excited to help this movement grow.
Range is a key consideration with e-bikes, and is affected by factors such as motor efficiency, battery capacity, efficiency of the driving electronics, aerodynamics, hills and weight of the bike and rider.[36][37] Some manufacturers, such as the Canadian BionX or American Vintage Electric Bikes,[38] have the option of using regenerative braking, the motor acts as a generator to slow the bike down prior to the brake pads engaging.[39] This is useful for extending the range and the life of brake pads and wheel rims. There are also experiments using fuel cells. e.g. the PHB. Some experiments have also been undertaken with super capacitors to supplement or replace batteries for cars and some SUVS. E-bikes developed in Switzerland in the late 1980s for the Tour de Sol solar vehicle race came with solar charging stations but these were later fixed on roofs and connected so as to feed into the electric mains.[40] The bicycles were then charged from the mains, as is common today. While ebike batteries were produced mainly by bigger companies in past, many small to medium companies have started using innovative new methods for creating more durable batteries. State of the art, custom built automated precision CNC spot welding machines[41] created 18650 battery packs[42] are commonly used among Do-it-yourself ebike makers.

Hardcore MTB enthusiasts come from all over for a weekend of food, fun, and fantastic trail excursions at the Outerbike event series. eBike enthusiasts can check out the latest eMTBs and put them through their paces while enjoying vista after vista of legendary mountain bike paradises. Four event stops in Moab, UT and Bentonville, AK are planned for this year's Outerbike.
Visually, the Pedego City Commuter Classic Electric Bike is stunning – a smart blend of yesteryear's style and today's technology. Pleasantly high handlebars, a sprung seat, and lovely Schwalbe Fat Frank tires make it very comfortable. Stopping is taken care of by powerful disk brakes, front and rear. Lights are included, as is a useful cargo rack. From an e-bike standpoint, the Pedego Classic City Commuter sports a reliable, hub-mounted motor driven by a 36-volt, 10-amp battery. There's a digital display with a trip computer, odometer, speedometer, pedal assist level, and battery charge information.
The leading U.S. developer and distributor of electric bicycles and electric scooters, Currie Technologies offers a wide range of proprietary E-bike technologies across several bicycle designs. In order to meet the needs of its target market, Currie offers a wide variety of bicycle types with varying intended uses and at a variety of price points. With a “good, better, best” approach to E-bike marketing, Currie starts with its EZIP brand for opening priced bicycles which are primarily sold through mass market and web-based retailers. The IZIP brand is reserved for its mid- to high-end offerings, sold primarily through full service, specialty retailers.
BattleBots legend Christian Carlberg and his company C2 Robotics are using Electric Bike Technologies direct drive hub motors to power 'OverDrive', their latest BattleBot on ABC!   Team C2 Robotics is set to battle again tonight at 9pm EST on ABC! For the past two decades Christian Carlberg and the C2 Robotics Team have been making remote control mobile platforms for commercial, military and the entertainment industries. With the advance of brushless...
E-bikes mostly use motors and battery options from a few major suppliers: Bosch, Yamaha, Shimano, and Brose. A few other brands exist, but are less reliable or powerful. Some, like the Yamaha system, have more torque and others are quieter. But generally all four make good options. Look for motor output (in watts) which will give you an idea of total power. But watt hours (Wh) is perhaps a better figure to use—it takes into account battery output and life to give a truer reflection of power.
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