Both land management regulators and mountain bike trail access advocates have argued for bans of electric bicycles on outdoor trails that are accessible to mountain bikes, citing potential safety hazards as well as the potential for electric bikes to damage trails. A study conducted by the International Mountain Bicycling Association, however, found that the physical impacts of low-powered pedal-assist electric mountain bikes may be similar to traditional mountain bikes.[68]
Fat E-Trike from Sun and E-BikeKit™ at Interbike 2014 Fat bikes and electric bikes were all the rage this year at interbike in Las Vegas. It seemed almost every bike vendor at the show has at least one fat bike model in their booth this year. On top of the fats were the electric bikes. And I think it goes without saying that nobody wants to actually pedal a fat...
{"id":466985713703,"title":"SONDORS Original (In-Stock US\/Canada Only)","handle":"sondors-original-us-canada-only","description":"\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eWith its spectacular, knobby, all-terrain tires, SONDORS Original provides all-around comfort and sturdy confidence. Whether you’re commuting to work, meeting friends, or out exploring nature, SONDORS Original steals the show. This eye-catching versatility matched with the lowest price tag in the industry has led SONDORS Original to become the best-selling electric bike in the United States. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL FRAME\u003c\/b\u003e\u003cbr\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS Original durable steel, 17.75” frame is one-size-fits-most.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL BATTERY AND UPGRADE OPTION\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS Original includes a 36V 8.7 Ah lithium-ion battery and charger. SONDORS Original is also available with an optional 36V 12.8 Ah lithium-ion battery upgrade. This upgrade offers a more powerful version of the SONDORS Original by extending your ride with a 20-30% increase in range, and greater torque to further enhance your hill-climbing, acceleration, and towing capacity*. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e*Both range and power increase estimates are contingent upon rider and towing weight, wind speed and terrain.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL MOTOR\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan\u003eSONDORS Original totes a 350W motor, providing more than enough to power your daily commute, a cruise on the beach, or a meander along your favorite trail. And with speeds up to 20 mph, SONDORS Original will get you there swiftly.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL TIRES\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan\u003eSONDORS Original is a showstopper - and its legendary, all-terrain tires are more than the reason. Measuring in at a chunky 26 x 4.9 inches, SONDORS Original tires keep it sturdy and versatile while conquering pavement, sand, dirt or snow.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eORIGINAL FRONT SUSPENSION UPGRADE OPTION\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eA high-performance, shock-absorbing, non-adjustable, front suspension fork can be yours to take your SONDORS Original riding comfort to the next level. You can expect better handling, improved cornering capabilities, and an overall smoother riding experience. (*Please note: adding suspension fork can increase overall weight by approximately 10lbs.) \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL LCD SCREEN UPGRADE INCLUDED\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eThe 2018 SONDORS Original comes standard with LCD screen upgrade - this feature supplies five levels of electric pedal assist plus added torque for increased hill-climbing power, greater range, and improved towing capacity. In addition, the LCD screen provides a digital display offering accurate battery level and distance traveled.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL RANGE\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eWith the use of the included SONDORS Original 36V 8.7 Ah lithium-ion battery along with electric pedal assist, many riders can experience a varied battery range of up to 25-40 miles*. When using straight electric power (without pedaling), the range can fluctuate to up to 20 miles*. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eSONDORS Original, 36V 12.8 Ah battery upgrade provides an approximate increase in range of up to 30 miles* straight electric and up to 58 miles* using electric pedal assist.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e*Both range estimates are contingent upon rider and towing weight, riding style, wind speed and terrain. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL WEIGHT\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan\u003eSONDORS Original is built with endurance and adaptability in mind. It means business with its all-steel frame, all-terrain tires, and readiness to vanquish nearly any landscape. SONDORS Original has been known to inspire confidence as it rolls in with conviction at a total approximate weight of 60 pounds (depending on configuration*).\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL SHIPPING AND DELIVERY\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eYou can rest assured, each component of your new SONDORS is carefully wrapped in heavy-duty protective materials and packed with love in our famous SONDORS ultra-thick, 7-layered \"motorcycle-grade\" box. The purchase of your new SONDORS includes hand delivery to your door via U.P.S. ground shipping for oversized packages within the contiguous United States.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003ePLEASE NOTE: Shipments to Alaska, Hawaii and Canada will incur an extended area surcharge at checkout. (Alaska and Hawaii: $59.00 \/ \u003cspan\u003eCanada: $99.00 USD)\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eIMPORTANT:\u003c\/strong\u003e All SONDORS shown here are available for delivery in \u003cstrong\u003eU.S. and Canada ONLY. \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003eFor SONDORS available in E.U., Norway and Switzerland, visit \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/sondors.com\/collections\/europe\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eSONDORS Europe Collection\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e","published_at":"2018-10-02T12:16:21-07:00","created_at":"2018-01-16T07:49:07-08:00","vendor":"SONDORS Electric Bikes","type":"Electric Bike","tags":["350w","36v","7-speed","aluminum","Battery","bike","genuineshimano","ion","lithium","lithiumion","sondors","steel","tire"],"price":87900,"price_min":87900,"price_max":106900,"available":true,"price_varies":true,"compare_at_price":null,"compare_at_price_min":0,"compare_at_price_max":0,"compare_at_price_varies":false,"variants":[{"id":6559062523943,"title":"Charcoal \/ 36V 8.7 Li-ion Battery\/Standard Fork","option1":"Charcoal","option2":"36V 8.7 Li-ion Battery\/Standard Fork","option3":null,"sku":"55","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":true,"featured_image":{"id":1733275582503,"product_id":466985713703,"position":8,"created_at":"2018-01-21T07:29:45-08:00","updated_at":"2018-06-27T07:05:13-07:00","alt":"SONDORS Original (In-Stock US\/Canada Only) - 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SONDORS Electric Bikes","width":4795,"height":3096,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Fat_Charcoal_Susp_R_Side.JPG?v=1530108313","variant_ids":[6559062753319]},"available":false,"name":"SONDORS Original (In-Stock US\/Canada Only) - Charcoal \/ 36V 12.8 Li-ion Battery\/Suspension Fork","public_title":"Charcoal \/ 36V 12.8 Li-ion Battery\/Suspension Fork","options":["Charcoal","36V 12.8 Li-ion Battery\/Suspension Fork"],"price":106900,"weight":136078,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_quantity":-2,"inventory_management":"shopify","inventory_policy":"deny","barcode":""},{"id":6559062261799,"title":"Black Matte \/ 36V 8.7 Li-ion Battery\/Standard Fork","option1":"Black Matte","option2":"36V 8.7 Li-ion Battery\/Standard Fork","option3":null,"sku":"53","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":true,"featured_image":{"id":1723952857127,"product_id":466985713703,"position":2,"created_at":"2018-01-19T11:44:13-08:00","updated_at":"2018-06-27T07:05:13-07:00","alt":"SONDORS Original (In-Stock US\/Canada Only) - 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SONDORS Electric Bikes","width":4820,"height":2833,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Fat_BMatte_Susp_R_Side.JPG?v=1530108313","variant_ids":[6559062589479]},"available":false,"name":"SONDORS Original (In-Stock US\/Canada Only) - Black Matte \/ 36V 12.8 Li-ion Battery\/Suspension Fork","public_title":"Black Matte \/ 36V 12.8 Li-ion Battery\/Suspension Fork","options":["Black Matte","36V 12.8 Li-ion Battery\/Suspension Fork"],"price":106900,"weight":136078,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_quantity":-2,"inventory_management":"shopify","inventory_policy":"deny","barcode":""},{"id":6559062294567,"title":"Pearl \/ 36V 8.7 Li-ion Battery\/Standard Fork","option1":"Pearl","option2":"36V 8.7 Li-ion Battery\/Standard Fork","option3":null,"sku":"56","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":true,"featured_image":{"id":1723957805095,"product_id":466985713703,"position":1,"created_at":"2018-01-19T11:45:34-08:00","updated_at":"2018-06-27T07:05:13-07:00","alt":"SONDORS Original (In-Stock US\/Canada Only) - 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SONDORS Electric Bikes","width":1408,"height":882,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Fat_White_Susp_R_Side.jpg?v=1530108313","variant_ids":[6559062622247]},"available":false,"name":"SONDORS Original (In-Stock US\/Canada Only) - Pearl \/ 36V 12.8 Li-ion Battery\/Suspension Fork","public_title":"Pearl \/ 36V 12.8 Li-ion Battery\/Suspension Fork","options":["Pearl","36V 12.8 Li-ion Battery\/Suspension Fork"],"price":106900,"weight":136078,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_quantity":-2,"inventory_management":"shopify","inventory_policy":"deny","barcode":""},{"id":6559062491175,"title":"Blue \/ 36V 8.7 Li-ion Battery\/Standard Fork","option1":"Blue","option2":"36V 8.7 Li-ion Battery\/Standard Fork","option3":null,"sku":"54","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":true,"featured_image":{"id":1723960295463,"product_id":466985713703,"position":3,"created_at":"2018-01-19T11:46:09-08:00","updated_at":"2018-06-27T07:05:13-07:00","alt":"SONDORS Original (In-Stock US\/Canada Only) - SONDORS Electric Bikes","width":5758,"height":3354,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Fat_Blue_R_Side.jpg?v=1530108313","variant_ids":[6559062491175]},"available":false,"name":"SONDORS Original (In-Stock US\/Canada Only) - Blue \/ 36V 8.7 Li-ion Battery\/Standard Fork","public_title":"Blue \/ 36V 8.7 Li-ion Battery\/Standard Fork","options":["Blue","36V 8.7 Li-ion Battery\/Standard Fork"],"price":87900,"weight":136078,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_quantity":0,"inventory_management":"shopify","inventory_policy":"deny","barcode":""},{"id":6559062720551,"title":"Blue \/ 36V 12.8 Li-ion Battery\/Suspension Fork","option1":"Blue","option2":"36V 12.8 Li-ion Battery\/Suspension Fork","option3":null,"sku":"354","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":true,"featured_image":{"id":1730660433959,"product_id":466985713703,"position":6,"created_at":"2018-01-20T19:30:18-08:00","updated_at":"2018-06-27T07:05:13-07:00","alt":"SONDORS Original (In-Stock US\/Canada Only) - SONDORS Electric Bikes","width":4936,"height":2875,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Fat_Blue_Susp_R_Side.JPG?v=1530108313","variant_ids":[6559062720551]},"available":true,"name":"SONDORS Original (In-Stock US\/Canada Only) - Blue \/ 36V 12.8 Li-ion Battery\/Suspension Fork","public_title":"Blue \/ 36V 12.8 Li-ion Battery\/Suspension Fork","options":["Blue","36V 12.8 Li-ion Battery\/Suspension Fork"],"price":106900,"weight":136078,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_quantity":3,"inventory_management":"shopify","inventory_policy":"deny","barcode":""}],"images":["\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/White_Black_Original.jpg?v=1530108313","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Fat_BMatte_R_Side_93212509-9adc-4cac-aef5-d4a15d841d26.jpg?v=1530108313","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Fat_Blue_R_Side.jpg?v=1530108313","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Fat_White_Susp_R_Side.jpg?v=1530108313","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Fat_BMatte_Susp_R_Side.JPG?v=1530108313","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Fat_Blue_Susp_R_Side.JPG?v=1530108313","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Fat_Charcoal_Susp_R_Side.JPG?v=1530108313","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Fat_Charcoal_R_Side.JPG?v=1530108313"],"featured_image":"\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/White_Black_Original.jpg?v=1530108313","options":["Color","Description"],"content":"\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eWith its spectacular, knobby, all-terrain tires, SONDORS Original provides all-around comfort and sturdy confidence. Whether you’re commuting to work, meeting friends, or out exploring nature, SONDORS Original steals the show. This eye-catching versatility matched with the lowest price tag in the industry has led SONDORS Original to become the best-selling electric bike in the United States. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL FRAME\u003c\/b\u003e\u003cbr\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS Original durable steel, 17.75” frame is one-size-fits-most.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL BATTERY AND UPGRADE OPTION\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS Original includes a 36V 8.7 Ah lithium-ion battery and charger. SONDORS Original is also available with an optional 36V 12.8 Ah lithium-ion battery upgrade. This upgrade offers a more powerful version of the SONDORS Original by extending your ride with a 20-30% increase in range, and greater torque to further enhance your hill-climbing, acceleration, and towing capacity*. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e*Both range and power increase estimates are contingent upon rider and towing weight, wind speed and terrain.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL MOTOR\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan\u003eSONDORS Original totes a 350W motor, providing more than enough to power your daily commute, a cruise on the beach, or a meander along your favorite trail. And with speeds up to 20 mph, SONDORS Original will get you there swiftly.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL TIRES\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan\u003eSONDORS Original is a showstopper - and its legendary, all-terrain tires are more than the reason. Measuring in at a chunky 26 x 4.9 inches, SONDORS Original tires keep it sturdy and versatile while conquering pavement, sand, dirt or snow.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eORIGINAL FRONT SUSPENSION UPGRADE OPTION\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eA high-performance, shock-absorbing, non-adjustable, front suspension fork can be yours to take your SONDORS Original riding comfort to the next level. You can expect better handling, improved cornering capabilities, and an overall smoother riding experience. (*Please note: adding suspension fork can increase overall weight by approximately 10lbs.) \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL LCD SCREEN UPGRADE INCLUDED\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eThe 2018 SONDORS Original comes standard with LCD screen upgrade - this feature supplies five levels of electric pedal assist plus added torque for increased hill-climbing power, greater range, and improved towing capacity. In addition, the LCD screen provides a digital display offering accurate battery level and distance traveled.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL RANGE\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eWith the use of the included SONDORS Original 36V 8.7 Ah lithium-ion battery along with electric pedal assist, many riders can experience a varied battery range of up to 25-40 miles*. When using straight electric power (without pedaling), the range can fluctuate to up to 20 miles*. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eSONDORS Original, 36V 12.8 Ah battery upgrade provides an approximate increase in range of up to 30 miles* straight electric and up to 58 miles* using electric pedal assist.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e*Both range estimates are contingent upon rider and towing weight, riding style, wind speed and terrain. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL WEIGHT\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan\u003eSONDORS Original is built with endurance and adaptability in mind. It means business with its all-steel frame, all-terrain tires, and readiness to vanquish nearly any landscape. SONDORS Original has been known to inspire confidence as it rolls in with conviction at a total approximate weight of 60 pounds (depending on configuration*).\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL SHIPPING AND DELIVERY\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eYou can rest assured, each component of your new SONDORS is carefully wrapped in heavy-duty protective materials and packed with love in our famous SONDORS ultra-thick, 7-layered \"motorcycle-grade\" box. The purchase of your new SONDORS includes hand delivery to your door via U.P.S. ground shipping for oversized packages within the contiguous United States.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003ePLEASE NOTE: Shipments to Alaska, Hawaii and Canada will incur an extended area surcharge at checkout. (Alaska and Hawaii: $59.00 \/ \u003cspan\u003eCanada: $99.00 USD)\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eIMPORTANT:\u003c\/strong\u003e All SONDORS shown here are available for delivery in \u003cstrong\u003eU.S. and Canada ONLY. \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003eFor SONDORS available in E.U., Norway and Switzerland, visit \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/sondors.com\/collections\/europe\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eSONDORS Europe Collection\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e"}
Electric Bikes Are Now Legal on Pennsylvania Roadways! Breaking News... According to the Bicycle Access Council of PA in their November 2014 News and Digest, Electric-Assist bicycles are now legal on Pennsylvania roadways as part of Act 154. "Electric-Assist bicycles are now legal on Pennsylvania roadways as part of Act 154. In a convoluted way since first introduced in 2010, a last minute amendment was introduced by Representative Kevin Schreiber (D-95) with...
“Yamaha’s power assist motors provide the purest, most natural assist feel thanks in part to Yamaha’s Triple Sensor System that has been exclusively optimized for Yamaha’s U.S. power assist bikes. Through the Triple Sensor System, thousands of times per second, frictionless sensors measure the rider’s pedal-torque, bicycle speed, and crank arm cadence with tremendous precision.”
The Dash is an excellent, low-cost option for those looking for an intro to e-bikes kind of ride. The TranzX motor will take you up to 28mph for about 16-35 miles per charge–more if you’re conservative with the assist. The components aren’t too shabby either. Shimano M365 hydraulic disc brakes keep you safe, the Shimano Deore SGS drivetrain, and RockShox Paragon fork with 65mm of travel make it a great entry level option.
A Kalkhoff Pedelec is a lot more than simply bolting a motor onto a great bike. Their electric-assist bicycles utilize a brushless DC motor system that is lightweight, precisely-controlled, efficient, low-maintenance, and reliable. The Panasonic drive system is center drive, meaning that it's designed to be in the middle of the bike for a low center of gravity, stability and an easy integration with the drivetrain. The drive unit is more than just a motor; it also has a torque sensor and controller unit as well - all in the weatherproof casing, surrounding the motor. The torque sensor and the controller senses how hard you're pedaling and adjusts how much assistance the motor gives you through the drive sprocket.
In the 1890s, electric bicycles were documented within various U.S. patents. For example, on 31 December 1895, Ogden Bolton Jr. was granted U.S. Patent 552,271 for a battery-powered bicycle with "6-pole brush-and-commutator direct current (DC) hub motor mounted in the rear wheel". There were no gears and the motor could draw up to 100 amperes (A) from a 10-volt battery.[5]
One of the biggest misconceptions about e-bikes is that you're not actually doing any work when you ride one. Not true. Thanks to that battery-powered motor, E-bikes are heavy! So if you turn the assist mode to low or off, you're still putting in plenty of effort. Many commuters have found that traveling home from work with assist off (when they're not in as big of a rush and don't mind getting sweaty) is a great way to fit exercise into a busy schedule.
DRIVE MOTOR  The EcoBike is powered by an innovative hub-mounted, brushless permanent magnet motor with a triple planetary gear drive system and proprietary heat resistant materials.  The propulsion system delivers the highest torque and is the quietest in its class.  The drive motor is nominally rated for continuous output at 360 watts (Elegance & Adventure) and 290 watts (Vatavio).
Incorporating a wide variety of drive system, control and battery technologies across their product line, Currie provides good bang-for-the-buck across a wide price range. EZIP bikes and scooters carry a six-month warranty and IZIP bikes carry a two-year warranty. For additional details and to view the entire range of products, visit the Currie Tech (Now IZIP website (http://www.izipusa.com/ ).
Automated Transit Networks (ATN), and the small-vehicle subset of Personal Rapid Transit (PRT), are emerging technologies that can help solve the related problems of congestion, dependence on foreign oil, and planetary climate disruption. ATN/PRT offers clean, quiet, responsive public transit with automated non-stop service available 24 hours a day. In addition to these service benefits, PRT costs far less to build and operate than other transit options ¯ and is safer than walking and cycling on nearby busy streets.
Controllers for brushless motors: E-bikes require high initial torque and therefore models that use brushless motors typically have Hall sensor commutation for speed and angle measurement. An electronic controller provides assistance as a function of the sensor inputs, the vehicle speed and the required force. The controllers generally allow input by means of potentiometer or Hall Effect twist grip (or thumb-operated lever throttle), closed-loop speed control for precise speed regulation, protection logic for over-voltage, over-current and thermal protection. Bikes with a pedal assist function typically have a disc on the crank shaft featuring a ring of magnets coupled with a Hall sensor giving rise to a series of pulses, the frequency of which is proportional to pedaling speed. The controller uses pulse width modulation to regulate the power to the motor. Sometimes support is provided for regenerative braking but infrequent braking and the low mass of bicycles limits recovered energy. An implementation is described in an application note for a 200 W, 24 V Brushless DC (BLDC) motor.[43]
The environmental credentials of e-bikes, and electric / human powered hybrids generally, have led some municipal authorities to use them, such as Little Rock, Arkansas with their Wavecrest electric power-assisted bicycles or Cloverdale, California police with Zap e-bikes. China’s e-bike manufacturers, such as Xinri, are now partnering with universities in a bid to improve their technology in line with international environmental standards, backed by the Chinese government who is keen to improve the export potential of the Chinese manufactured e-bikes.[67]

Electric Bike Conversion Kits are prepackaged sets of components designed to fit on a normal bike and convert it into an Electric Bike. These kits make it easier for end-users to find compatible, functioning parts and purchase them all together. A kit can range from a complete system that includes all the small parts you need, to DIY kits that include only a few parts and leave the rest up to the user.

Cargo bikes and city bikes are common in the e-bike space, but until recently we haven’t seen that many performance road bikes. The Giant Road E+1 is a pedal-assist performance road bike that’s made for more than just commuting; the powerful motor can rank you up to 28mph very quickly on the highest setting so you can rip the flats, join your local group ride, or blast through the mountains with far less effort than a traditional road bike. Don't expect it to feel like a 16lb race bike when you lean it into high-speed turns, but the endurance-oriented geometry allows for an aggressive position on the bike and keeps the it nimble and agile at high speed.
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