The Dail-E Grinder is perfectly designed to accompany you on your long commute. It's a top-of-the-line road bike in and of itself. BULLS has taken its premium frame and integrated it with the most advanced components from best names in the business.  It delivers an unbelievable 118 miles range under ideal conditions. This step-over speed-pedelec is a wonder of German engineering.
The two most common types of hub motors used in electric bicycles are brushed and brushless. Many configurations are available, varying in cost and complexity; direct-drive and geared motor units are both used. An electric power-assist system may be added to almost any pedal cycle using chain drive, belt drive, hub motors or friction drive. BLDC hub motors are a common modern design. The motor is built into the wheel hub itself, and the stator fixed solidly to the axle, and the magnets attached to and rotating with the wheel. The bicycle wheel hub is the motor. The power levels of motors used are influenced by available legal categories and are often, but not always limited to under 750 watts.
{"id":1455239921730,"title":"SONDORS X (END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only)","handle":"sondors-x-us-canada-shipping-oct18","description":"\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#cc0000\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#990000\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan\u003eAmerica's favorite electric bike has been taken to the eXtreme. \u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eAvailable now with END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING \u003c\/span\u003e. SONDORS X 48V 17.5 Li-ion battery nearly doubles your range, and when paired with a 500 watt motor, it offers extreme torque, towing capacity and hill-climbing power never-before seen in a SONDORS. Now, \u003c\/span\u003eSONDORS X also includes SONDORS Air Shocks, our highest-performance, shock-absorbing, suspension forks which provide better handling, improved cornering capabilities, and an overall smooth-as-air riding experience. And, with speeds up to 20 mph, SONDORS X is sure to add smiles to your miles. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eOrder now and your SONDORS X will ship end of October 2018\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X FRAME\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X 17.75” frame is one-size-fits-most, made from 100% durable, lighter-weight, aluminum. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X BATTERY\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X battery is a proprietary design and the largest capacity battery ever offered by SONDORS. Unique to SONDORS, this 48 V 17.5Ah lithium-ion battery boasts Panasonic, LG or Samsung cells and the SONDORS patented triangular shape, making it ingeniously slender, lightweight, and a perfect fit for SONDORS X.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X MOTOR\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X proudly boasts power never-before seen in a SONDORS. Paired with SONDORS X 48 V 17.5Ah lithium-ion battery, this 500W motor offers eXtreme hill climbing, acceleration, and towing capacity to power your daily adventure. And with speeds up to 20 mph, SONDORS X will bring smiles to your miles. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X 7- SPEED SHIFTER \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eGenuine Shimano® 7-Speed gear cassette with grip shifter. This feature gives SONDORS X an additional 7 gears for increased hill-climbing power, further range variation, and greater terrain adaptability. It’s like getting two SONDORS in one.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cspan\u003e\u003cb\u003eSONDORS X AIR SHOCKS\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003ecomes equipped with our highest-performance, shock-absorbing, suspension forks including adjustable air \u003cspan\u003espring suspension with damper\u003c\/span\u003e. You can expect better handling, improved cornering capabilities, and an overall smooth-as-air riding experience.\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X TIRES\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X is a showstopper - and its legendary, all-terrain tires are more than the reason. Measuring in at a chunky 26 x 4.9 inches, SONDORS X \"fat tires\" keep it sturdy and versatile while conquering pavement, sand, dirt or snow.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X LCD SCREEN \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X comes with an LCD screen upgrade  - this feature supplies five levels of electric pedal assist plus added torque for increased hill-climbing power, greater range, and improved towing capacity. In addition, the LCD screen provides a digital display offering accurate battery level, speed and distance traveled.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X RANGE\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eWith the use of the included SONDORS X 48V 17.5 Ah lithium-ion battery along with electric pedal assist, many riders can experience a varied battery range of up to 40-60 miles*. 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SONDORS X is sure to inspire confidence as it rolls in with conviction at a total approximate weight of 70 pounds. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\n\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSHIPPING AND DELIVERY INCLUDED (OCTOBER\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e 2018)\u003c\/strong\u003e\n\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eYou can rest assured, each component of your new SONDORS is carefully wrapped in heavy-duty protective materials and packed with love in our famous SONDORS ultra-thick, 7-layered \"motorcycle-grade\" box. The purchase of your new SONDORS includes hand delivery to your door via U.P.S. ground shipping for oversized packages within the contiguous United States.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003ePLEASE NOTE:\u003c\/strong\u003e Shipments to Alaska, Hawaii and Canada will incur an extended area surcharge at checkout. (Alaska and Hawaii: $59.00 \/ Canada: $99.00 USD)\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eIMPORTANT:\u003c\/strong\u003e All SONDORS shown here are available for delivery in \u003cstrong\u003eU.S. and Canada ONLY. \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003eFor SONDORS available in E.U., Norway and Switzerland, visit \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/sondors.com\/collections\/europe\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eSONDORS Europe Collection\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e","published_at":"2018-07-22T11:41:41-07:00","created_at":"2018-07-16T07:06:12-07:00","vendor":"SONDORS Electric Bikes","type":"Electric Bike","tags":["500W","aluminum","aluminumframe","aluminumframe48V","Battery","ion","lithium","lithiumion","sondors","steel","steelframe"],"price":149900,"price_min":149900,"price_max":149900,"available":true,"price_varies":false,"compare_at_price":null,"compare_at_price_min":0,"compare_at_price_max":0,"compare_at_price_varies":false,"variants":[{"id":12717491159106,"title":"Black Matte \/ Black","option1":"Black Matte \/ Black","option2":null,"option3":null,"sku":"796","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":true,"featured_image":{"id":3894659350594,"product_id":1455239921730,"position":1,"created_at":"2018-07-23T02:27:48-07:00","updated_at":"2018-10-01T05:51:11-07:00","alt":"SONDORS X (END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - SONDORS Electric Bikes","width":1024,"height":650,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/products_X7_-_Black-Black.jpg?v=1538398271","variant_ids":[12717491159106]},"available":true,"name":"SONDORS X (END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - Black Matte \/ Black","public_title":"Black Matte \/ Black","options":["Black Matte \/ Black"],"price":149900,"weight":226796,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_quantity":29,"inventory_management":"shopify","inventory_policy":"deny","barcode":""},{"id":12717498761282,"title":"White \/ Black","option1":"White \/ Black","option2":null,"option3":null,"sku":"797","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":true,"featured_image":{"id":3894659514434,"product_id":1455239921730,"position":2,"created_at":"2018-07-23T02:27:51-07:00","updated_at":"2018-10-01T05:51:11-07:00","alt":"SONDORS X (END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - SONDORS Electric Bikes","width":1024,"height":650,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/products_X7_-_White-Black.jpg?v=1538398271","variant_ids":[12717498761282]},"available":true,"name":"SONDORS X (END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - White \/ Black","public_title":"White \/ Black","options":["White \/ Black"],"price":149900,"weight":226796,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_quantity":47,"inventory_management":"shopify","inventory_policy":"deny","barcode":""},{"id":12717498794050,"title":"Silver \/ Blue","option1":"Silver \/ Blue","option2":null,"option3":null,"sku":"798","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":true,"featured_image":{"id":3894659416130,"product_id":1455239921730,"position":3,"created_at":"2018-07-23T02:27:49-07:00","updated_at":"2018-10-01T05:51:11-07:00","alt":"SONDORS X (END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - SONDORS Electric Bikes","width":1024,"height":650,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/products_X7_-_Silver-Blue.jpg?v=1538398271","variant_ids":[12717498794050]},"available":true,"name":"SONDORS X (END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - Silver \/ Blue","public_title":"Silver \/ Blue","options":["Silver \/ Blue"],"price":149900,"weight":226796,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_quantity":14,"inventory_management":"shopify","inventory_policy":"deny","barcode":""}],"images":["\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/products_X7_-_Black-Black.jpg?v=1538398271","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/products_X7_-_White-Black.jpg?v=1538398271","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/products_X7_-_Silver-Blue.jpg?v=1538398271"],"featured_image":"\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/products_X7_-_Black-Black.jpg?v=1538398271","options":["Color"],"content":"\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#cc0000\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#990000\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan\u003eAmerica's favorite electric bike has been taken to the eXtreme. \u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eAvailable now with END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING \u003c\/span\u003e. 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Unique to SONDORS, this 48 V 17.5Ah lithium-ion battery boasts Panasonic, LG or Samsung cells and the SONDORS patented triangular shape, making it ingeniously slender, lightweight, and a perfect fit for SONDORS X.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X MOTOR\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X proudly boasts power never-before seen in a SONDORS. Paired with SONDORS X 48 V 17.5Ah lithium-ion battery, this 500W motor offers eXtreme hill climbing, acceleration, and towing capacity to power your daily adventure. And with speeds up to 20 mph, SONDORS X will bring smiles to your miles. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X 7- SPEED SHIFTER \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eGenuine Shimano® 7-Speed gear cassette with grip shifter. This feature gives SONDORS X an additional 7 gears for increased hill-climbing power, further range variation, and greater terrain adaptability. It’s like getting two SONDORS in one.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cspan\u003e\u003cb\u003eSONDORS X AIR SHOCKS\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003ecomes equipped with our highest-performance, shock-absorbing, suspension forks including adjustable air \u003cspan\u003espring suspension with damper\u003c\/span\u003e. You can expect better handling, improved cornering capabilities, and an overall smooth-as-air riding experience.\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X TIRES\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X is a showstopper - and its legendary, all-terrain tires are more than the reason. Measuring in at a chunky 26 x 4.9 inches, SONDORS X \"fat tires\" keep it sturdy and versatile while conquering pavement, sand, dirt or snow.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X LCD SCREEN \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X comes with an LCD screen upgrade  - this feature supplies five levels of electric pedal assist plus added torque for increased hill-climbing power, greater range, and improved towing capacity. In addition, the LCD screen provides a digital display offering accurate battery level, speed and distance traveled.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X RANGE\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eWith the use of the included SONDORS X 48V 17.5 Ah lithium-ion battery along with electric pedal assist, many riders can experience a varied battery range of up to 40-60 miles*. When using straight electric power (without pedaling), the range can fluctuate to up to 35 miles*.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e*Range estimates are contingent upon rider and towing weight, riding style, wind speed and terrain.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X WEIGHT\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X is built with endurance and adaptability in mind. It means business with its all-aluminum frame, all-terrain tires, and readiness to vanquish nearly any landscape. SONDORS X is sure to inspire confidence as it rolls in with conviction at a total approximate weight of 70 pounds. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\n\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSHIPPING AND DELIVERY INCLUDED (OCTOBER\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e 2018)\u003c\/strong\u003e\n\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eYou can rest assured, each component of your new SONDORS is carefully wrapped in heavy-duty protective materials and packed with love in our famous SONDORS ultra-thick, 7-layered \"motorcycle-grade\" box. The purchase of your new SONDORS includes hand delivery to your door via U.P.S. ground shipping for oversized packages within the contiguous United States.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003ePLEASE NOTE:\u003c\/strong\u003e Shipments to Alaska, Hawaii and Canada will incur an extended area surcharge at checkout. (Alaska and Hawaii: $59.00 \/ Canada: $99.00 USD)\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eIMPORTANT:\u003c\/strong\u003e All SONDORS shown here are available for delivery in \u003cstrong\u003eU.S. and Canada ONLY. \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003eFor SONDORS available in E.U., Norway and Switzerland, visit \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/sondors.com\/collections\/europe\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eSONDORS Europe Collection\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e"}

If the bike is in fact similar to the EB-5, then it is probably a great around-the-city or campus electric bike, but perhaps not the best long distance commuter for rough roads. Though considering the bike won’t ship for at least another 4 months and the US shipping cost will bring the total price of the Spark Drive Mini to $499, impatient riders might be better off with the equally priced and Amazon-shipped EB-5 anyways.

Ironically, not only would a US e-bike manufacturer need to import the raw materials for their frames, but they could still be subject to import tariffs that the Trump administration has placed on imported steel and aluminum from China. Thus, the e-bikes could end up even more expensive than just US-built e-bikes, as customers would also have to pay for the higher cost of the imported raw materials.


Automated Transit Networks (ATN), and the small-vehicle subset of Personal Rapid Transit (PRT), are emerging technologies that can help solve the related problems of congestion, dependence on foreign oil, and planetary climate disruption. ATN/PRT offers clean, quiet, responsive public transit with automated non-stop service available 24 hours a day. In addition to these service benefits, PRT costs far less to build and operate than other transit options ¯ and is safer than walking and cycling on nearby busy streets.


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TerraTrikes make great electric recumbent trikes. Here are a few how to tips for converting the Rover and Rambler models, specifically with internally geared hubs. The TerraTrike Rover and the rambler models both are offered with internally geared hubs. It is possible to convert the trike to external gearing, but you will probably want the help of a bike shop that is familiar with recumbents. For a good bike shop,...
TerraTrikes make great electric recumbent trikes. Here are a few how to tips for converting the Rover and Rambler models, specifically with internally geared hubs. The TerraTrike Rover and the rambler models both are offered with internally geared hubs. It is possible to convert the trike to external gearing, but you will probably want the help of a bike shop that is familiar with recumbents. For a good bike shop,...
If the bike is in fact similar to the EB-5, then it is probably a great around-the-city or campus electric bike, but perhaps not the best long distance commuter for rough roads. Though considering the bike won’t ship for at least another 4 months and the US shipping cost will bring the total price of the Spark Drive Mini to $499, impatient riders might be better off with the equally priced and Amazon-shipped EB-5 anyways.
By 1898 a rear-wheel drive electric bicycle, which used a driving belt along the outside edge of the wheel, was patented by Mathew J. Steffens. Also, the 1899 U.S. Patent 627,066 by John Schnepf depicted a rear-wheel friction “roller-wheel” style drive electric bicycle.[7] Schnepf's invention was later re-examined and expanded in 1969 by G.A. Wood Jr. with his U.S. Patent 3,431,994. Wood’s device used 4 fractional horsepower motors; connected through a series of gears.[8]
After you decide which style of e-bike you want, consider the class. In the US, there are three classes defined by the type of assist and how fast the motor will propel you. Most electric bikes sold are class 1 or 3. Class 1 bikes have a motor (max 750w) that assists while you're pedaling, up to 20 mph. Class 3, also known as “speed pedelec” can also have up to a 750w motor, but it can assist you up to 28mph. Both of those are allowed in most states and cities without license. Class 2 have throttles that don't require you to pedal to get a boost. They're allowed on most streets, bike lanes, and paths, but less popular than the other classes and not covered much here (because we still love to pedal and the greater distances pedal assist bikes can cover).
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