We ran the C330 almost entirely in its speediest Turbo setting, switching back to Eco or Tour in heavy traffic for a more predictable assistance weaving between cars. Crucially, the display also displays how much assistance you’re getting as well as your speed, trip distance, etc. We used this to ease-back effort and stay in a light power sweet-spot, arriving at WIRED’s HQ without breaking a sweat.


I wanted to include an electric bike that would be ideal for off-road and trail bike touring, and I think the Bulls E-Stream Evo 3 27.5 Plus is it. This hardtail mountain bike would be perfect for bike tourists going out on the trails for a few days. You could conceivably go for a few days without needing to recharge the Brose 650 watt hour battery, so even if your camping in the wilderness with nowhere to recharge for 60-100 miles you would likely be fine on battery life.
Added help on the hills: An extra boost on the hills or when cycling into a headwind is probably the first thing most people think about when they’re considering an electric bike. If you live in a valley where the only way out is up, then having a bit of motor assistance may mean the difference between a happy cycling experience and not cycling at all.
Because they’re electrically powered, e-bikes sit in a bit of a gray area between bicycles and motorcycles. While some states have enacted specific legislation to state where electric bikes can and can’t be ridden, in other states outdated laws mean they’re regulated as a moped or motor vehicle which can cause confusion over registration requirements, access to cycling infrastructure and how old you have to be before you can ride one.
Range is a key consideration with e-bikes, and is affected by factors such as motor efficiency, battery capacity, efficiency of the driving electronics, aerodynamics, hills and weight of the bike and rider.[36][37] Some manufacturers, such as the Canadian BionX or American Vintage Electric Bikes,[38] have the option of using regenerative braking, the motor acts as a generator to slow the bike down prior to the brake pads engaging.[39] This is useful for extending the range and the life of brake pads and wheel rims. There are also experiments using fuel cells. e.g. the PHB. Some experiments have also been undertaken with super capacitors to supplement or replace batteries for cars and some SUVS. E-bikes developed in Switzerland in the late 1980s for the Tour de Sol solar vehicle race came with solar charging stations but these were later fixed on roofs and connected so as to feed into the electric mains.[40] The bicycles were then charged from the mains, as is common today. While ebike batteries were produced mainly by bigger companies in past, many small to medium companies have started using innovative new methods for creating more durable batteries. State of the art, custom built automated precision CNC spot welding machines[41] created 18650 battery packs[42] are commonly used among Do-it-yourself ebike makers.
The second type of electric bike is a much smaller, often foldable unit designed for convenient urban (or suburban) commuting and for easy storage in minimal space. These compact electric bikes are perfect for trips of a few miles, and many are small and lightweight enough to be carried onto trains or buses, allowing their rider to make use of multiple types of transportation in a single trip, and to store their bike in a closet or even under a desk at work, at school, or at home.
Spec-wise, this thing is tricked out. You’ve got the option to go with  Suntour AION suspension or Fox Float suspension. The drivetrain is Shimano Deore XT. Same with the hydraulic disc brakes. The bike also comes with an ABUS Big Bordo folding lock that is keyed for both the batteries and the lock. Super convenient. There’s also loads of other options within the Delite line. Nuvinci and Rohloff drivetrains, 20mph and 28mph motors, standard and plus tires. You get the idea. Lot to choose from.
Thousands of people have discovered the electric bike smile just by trying out an electric pedal assist bike. So this year Subaru VeloSwap has partnered with the Colorado Electric Bikes Expo sponsored by BEST electric bike USA. There will be an entire area just dedicated to showcasing electric bikes. You can view and experience the latest brands, styles, and new  technology in the world of electric bikes.  Reps will be available to show you how they work &  answer questions. This is a great opportunity for you to see, and learn about, and even ride all the top brands of electric bikes.   On hand will be brands like PEDEGO, EASY MOTION, HAIBIKE, RIESE & MULLER, MAGNUM, STROMER, BOSCH, YAMAHA,...

Automated Transit Networks (ATN), and the small-vehicle subset of Personal Rapid Transit (PRT), are emerging technologies that can help solve the related problems of congestion, dependence on foreign oil, and planetary climate disruption. ATN/PRT offers clean, quiet, responsive public transit with automated non-stop service available 24 hours a day. In addition to these service benefits, PRT costs far less to build and operate than other transit options ¯ and is safer than walking and cycling on nearby busy streets.

The Hanebrink all-terrain vehicle's lithium ion 10 amp hour battery (LiFePO4) will give the bike enough juice for about an hour's use on a single charge, which will take three hours. The rear rack could have up to five batteries fitted which will extend the run time to over five hours. The wide aluminum rear rack is otherwise capable of carrying over 100 pounds of cargo.


{"id":1455227109442,"title":"SONDORS Fold X (EARLY NOVEMBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only)","handle":"sondors-fold-x-us-canada-shipping-oct18","description":"\u003cp\u003eThe folding bike everyone’s been waiting for has been taken to the eXtreme, and is \u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eavailable with SHIPPING IN EARLY NOVEMBER\u003c\/span\u003e. SONDORS Fold X has a 48V 14 Ah battery, that nearly doubles your range, and paired with a 500W motor it offers eXtreme torque, towing capacity, and hill-climbing power like never-before seen in a SONDORS. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS Fold X is the latest game-changer in transportation, and its durable, versatility and eye-catching design are what make it a SONDORS. SONDORS Fold X the ideal choice for eXtremely smart, convenient transportation no matter where you live. In two simple folds and less than ten seconds, SONDORS Fold X is ready for effortless stowage in just about any space.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSuperbly sturdy and versatile, SONDORS Fold X is like no other folding electric bike on the market - built with both the city living and off-road adventures in mind, SONDORS Fold X is prepared to vanquish virtually any terrain mother nature can throw at you.\u003cbr\u003e\u003cbr\u003eThe instant you ride SONDORS Fold X, you know you've never experienced anything like it. With SONDORS Fold X, you have the freedom of full-electric power with a simple press of a thumb throttle, or the option of minimal-effort cycling with electric pedal assist.\u003cbr\u003e\u003cbr\u003eYou can expect to be turn heads with Fold X’s flawless styling and eXtreme performance while finding SONDORS Fold X eXtraordinarily adaptable, portable and convenient. Effortlessly slide SONDORS Fold X  into the trunk of a car or along your side on the bus or train, and reach your destination in style without breaking a sweat.\u003cbr\u003e\u003cbr\u003eThis eXtremely stunning, foldable electric bike has set the precedent in portable transportation, and is the perfect extension to your current SONDORS collection.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eOrder now and your SONDORS Fold X will ship in Early November 2018\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cstrong\u003eFOLD X FRAME\u003c\/strong\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS Fold durable, 100% forged aluminum frame is a one-size-fits-most, and weighs in at just 6 pounds - offering a total bike weight of 50 pounds.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eFOLD X BATTERY\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cbr\u003eUnique to SONDORS, Fold X offers a proprietary cylinder battery design, with the largest capacity ever offered by SONDORS. This 48 V 14 Ah lithium-ion battery boasts Panasonic, LG or Samsung cells, and the SONDORS Fold X proprietary cylinder design, making it ingeniously slender, lightweight, and a perfect fit for SONDORS Fold X.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eFOLD X MOTOR\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cbr\u003eSONDORS Fold X proudly boasts power never before seen in a SONDORS. Paired with SONDORS Fold X 48 V 14 Ah lithium-ion battery, this 500W motor offers eXtreme hill-climbing, acceleration, and towing capacity to power your daily adventure. And with speeds up to 20 mph, SONDORS Fold X will add eXtra smiles to your miles.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cstrong\u003eFOLD X 7-SPEED SHIFTER \u003c\/strong\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eGenuine Shimano® 7-Speed gear cassette with grip shifter. This feature gives SONDORS Fold X an additional 7 manual gears for increased hill-climbing power, further range variation, and greater terrain adaptability. It’s like getting two SONDORS in one.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eFOLD X TIRES\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS Fold X is a work of art - and its tires are no exception. Measuring in at a  20 x 4.0 inches, Fold X tires keep it solid while enhancing overall appearance, flexibility and handling.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eFOLD X LCD SCREEN\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cbr\u003eSONDORS Fold X includes an LCD screen - this feature supplies Fold X with five levels of electric pedal assist plus added torque for increased hill-climbing power, greater range, and improved towing capacity. In addition, the Fold X LCD screen provides a digital display offering accurate battery level, speed and distance traveled.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eFOLD X RANGE\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cbr\u003eWith the use of the included Fold X 48V 14.0 Ah lithium-ion battery along with electric pedal assist, many riders can experience a varied battery range of up to 40-60 miles*. When using straight electric power (without pedaling), the range can fluctuate up to 30 miles*.\u003cbr\u003e\u003cbr\u003e*Range estimates are contingent upon rider and towing weight, riding style, wind speed and terrain.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cb\u003eFOLD \u003c\/b\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSHIPPING AND DELIVERY INCLUDED (EARLY NOVEMBER 2018)\u003c\/strong\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eYou can rest assured, each component of your new SONDORS is carefully wrapped in heavy-duty protective materials and packed with love in our famous SONDORS ultra-thick, 7-layered \"motorcycle-grade\" box. The purchase of your new SONDORS includes hand delivery to your door via U.P.S. ground shipping for oversized packages within the contiguous United States.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003ePLEASE NOTE:\u003c\/strong\u003e Shipments to Alaska, Hawaii and Canada will incur an extended area surcharge at checkout. (Alaska and Hawaii: $59.00 \/ Canada: $99.00 USD)\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eIMPORTANT:\u003c\/strong\u003e All SONDORS shown here are available for delivery in \u003cstrong\u003eU.S. and Canada ONLY. \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003eFor SONDORS available in E.U., Norway and Switzerland, visit \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/sondors.com\/collections\/europe\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eSONDORS Europe Collection\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e","published_at":"2018-07-22T11:41:13-07:00","created_at":"2018-07-16T06:53:18-07:00","vendor":"SONDORS Electric Bikes","type":"Electric Bike","tags":["48v","500w","Battery","bike","fat tire","gear","ion","lithium","motor","shimano","sondors","tire","x"],"price":129900,"price_min":129900,"price_max":129900,"available":true,"price_varies":false,"compare_at_price":null,"compare_at_price_min":0,"compare_at_price_max":0,"compare_at_price_varies":false,"variants":[{"id":12717456621634,"title":"White \/ Black","option1":"White \/ Black","option2":null,"option3":null,"sku":"691","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":true,"featured_image":{"id":4250497712194,"product_id":1455227109442,"position":1,"created_at":"2018-09-26T09:59:47-07:00","updated_at":"2018-10-01T05:50:55-07:00","alt":"SONDORS Fold X (OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - SONDORS Electric Bikes","width":5472,"height":3648,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Fold_X_7_-_White-Black.jpg?v=1538398255","variant_ids":[12717456621634]},"available":true,"name":"SONDORS Fold X (EARLY NOVEMBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - White \/ Black","public_title":"White \/ Black","options":["White \/ Black"],"price":129900,"weight":136078,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_quantity":51,"inventory_management":"shopify","inventory_policy":"deny","barcode":""},{"id":12717467729986,"title":"Pistol Matte \/ Blue","option1":"Pistol Matte \/ Blue","option2":null,"option3":null,"sku":"698","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":true,"featured_image":{"id":4250497515586,"product_id":1455227109442,"position":3,"created_at":"2018-09-26T09:59:41-07:00","updated_at":"2018-10-01T05:50:55-07:00","alt":"SONDORS Fold X (OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - SONDORS Electric Bikes","width":5472,"height":3648,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Fold_X_7_-_Pistol_Matte-Blue.jpg?v=1538398255","variant_ids":[12717467729986]},"available":true,"name":"SONDORS Fold X (EARLY NOVEMBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - Pistol Matte \/ Blue","public_title":"Pistol Matte \/ Blue","options":["Pistol Matte \/ Blue"],"price":129900,"weight":136078,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_quantity":35,"inventory_management":"shopify","inventory_policy":"deny","barcode":""},{"id":12717467762754,"title":"Black \/ Silver","option1":"Black \/ Silver","option2":null,"option3":null,"sku":"699","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":true,"featured_image":{"id":4250497450050,"product_id":1455227109442,"position":2,"created_at":"2018-09-26T09:59:37-07:00","updated_at":"2018-10-01T05:50:55-07:00","alt":"SONDORS Fold X (OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - SONDORS Electric Bikes","width":4946,"height":3937,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Fold_X_7_-_Black-Silver.jpg?v=1538398255","variant_ids":[12717467762754]},"available":true,"name":"SONDORS Fold X (EARLY NOVEMBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - Black \/ Silver","public_title":"Black \/ Silver","options":["Black \/ Silver"],"price":129900,"weight":136078,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_quantity":47,"inventory_management":"shopify","inventory_policy":"deny","barcode":""}],"images":["\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Fold_X_7_-_White-Black.jpg?v=1538398255","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Fold_X_7_-_Black-Silver.jpg?v=1538398255","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Fold_X_7_-_Pistol_Matte-Blue.jpg?v=1538398255"],"featured_image":"\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Fold_X_7_-_White-Black.jpg?v=1538398255","options":["Color"],"content":"\u003cp\u003eThe folding bike everyone’s been waiting for has been taken to the eXtreme, and is \u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eavailable with SHIPPING IN EARLY NOVEMBER\u003c\/span\u003e. 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Effortlessly slide SONDORS Fold X  into the trunk of a car or along your side on the bus or train, and reach your destination in style without breaking a sweat.\u003cbr\u003e\u003cbr\u003eThis eXtremely stunning, foldable electric bike has set the precedent in portable transportation, and is the perfect extension to your current SONDORS collection.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eOrder now and your SONDORS Fold X will ship in Early November 2018\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cstrong\u003eFOLD X FRAME\u003c\/strong\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS Fold durable, 100% forged aluminum frame is a one-size-fits-most, and weighs in at just 6 pounds - offering a total bike weight of 50 pounds.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eFOLD X BATTERY\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cbr\u003eUnique to SONDORS, Fold X offers a proprietary cylinder battery design, with the largest capacity ever offered by SONDORS. This 48 V 14 Ah lithium-ion battery boasts Panasonic, LG or Samsung cells, and the SONDORS Fold X proprietary cylinder design, making it ingeniously slender, lightweight, and a perfect fit for SONDORS Fold X.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eFOLD X MOTOR\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cbr\u003eSONDORS Fold X proudly boasts power never before seen in a SONDORS. Paired with SONDORS Fold X 48 V 14 Ah lithium-ion battery, this 500W motor offers eXtreme hill-climbing, acceleration, and towing capacity to power your daily adventure. And with speeds up to 20 mph, SONDORS Fold X will add eXtra smiles to your miles.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cstrong\u003eFOLD X 7-SPEED SHIFTER \u003c\/strong\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eGenuine Shimano® 7-Speed gear cassette with grip shifter. This feature gives SONDORS Fold X an additional 7 manual gears for increased hill-climbing power, further range variation, and greater terrain adaptability. 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(Alaska and Hawaii: $59.00 \/ Canada: $99.00 USD)\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eIMPORTANT:\u003c\/strong\u003e All SONDORS shown here are available for delivery in \u003cstrong\u003eU.S. and Canada ONLY. \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003eFor SONDORS available in E.U., Norway and Switzerland, visit \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/sondors.com\/collections\/europe\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eSONDORS Europe Collection\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e"}
In the 1890s, electric bicycles were documented within various U.S. patents. For example, on 31 December 1895, Ogden Bolton Jr. was granted U.S. Patent 552,271 for a battery-powered bicycle with "6-pole brush-and-commutator direct current (DC) hub motor mounted in the rear wheel". There were no gears and the motor could draw up to 100 amperes (A) from a 10-volt battery.[5]
Controllers for brushless motors: E-bikes require high initial torque and therefore models that use brushless motors typically have Hall sensor commutation for speed and angle measurement. An electronic controller provides assistance as a function of the sensor inputs, the vehicle speed and the required force. The controllers generally allow input by means of potentiometer or Hall Effect twist grip (or thumb-operated lever throttle), closed-loop speed control for precise speed regulation, protection logic for over-voltage, over-current and thermal protection. Bikes with a pedal assist function typically have a disc on the crank shaft featuring a ring of magnets coupled with a Hall sensor giving rise to a series of pulses, the frequency of which is proportional to pedaling speed. The controller uses pulse width modulation to regulate the power to the motor. Sometimes support is provided for regenerative braking but infrequent braking and the low mass of bicycles limits recovered energy. An implementation is described in an application note for a 200 W, 24 V Brushless DC (BLDC) motor.[43]

More powerful pedelecs which are not legally classed as bicycles are dubbed S-Pedelecs (short for Schnell-Pedelecs, i.e. Speedy-Pedelecs) in Germany. These have a motor more powerful than 250 watts and less limited, or unlimited, pedal-assist, i.e. the motor does not stop assisting the rider once 25 km/h has been reached. S-Pedelec class e-bikes are therefore usually classified as mopeds or motorcycles rather than as bicycles and therefore may (depending on the jurisdiction) need to be registered and insured, the rider may need some sort of driver's license (either car or motorcycle) and motorcycle helmets may have to be worn.[14] In the United States, many states have adopted S-Pedelecs into the Class 3 category. Class 3 ebikes are limited to <=750 watts of power and 28 mph.[15]
For many bikes, battery range is more important that total power (because they're all pretty powerful). You want a bike that delivers a range long enough for your rides at the power levels you want. Most e-bikes will have three to five levels of assist kicking in anywhere from 25 percent of you pedal power to 200 percent boost. Consider how fast the battery takes to recharge, especially if you'll be using your bike for long commutes.
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