More powerful pedelecs which are not legally classed as bicycles are dubbed S-Pedelecs (short for Schnell-Pedelecs, i.e. Speedy-Pedelecs) in Germany. These have a motor more powerful than 250 watts and less limited, or unlimited, pedal-assist, i.e. the motor does not stop assisting the rider once 25 km/h has been reached. S-Pedelec class e-bikes are therefore usually classified as mopeds or motorcycles rather than as bicycles and therefore may (depending on the jurisdiction) need to be registered and insured, the rider may need some sort of driver's license (either car or motorcycle) and motorcycle helmets may have to be worn.[14] In the United States, many states have adopted S-Pedelecs into the Class 3 category. Class 3 ebikes are limited to <=750 watts of power and 28 mph.[15]
Haibike ships the HardNine with 29-inch tires, 180-millimeter hydraulic disc brakes, a 100-millimeter front suspension fork, and a nine-speed Shimano shifting system. The bike’s LCD readout is affixed to the handlebars and displays the current speed, level of charge, remaining range, and current pedal assist mode. The company says the battery can be completely recharged in just four hours, minimizing downtime between rides.
{"id":1453432569922,"title":"SONDORS Thin (END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only)","handle":"sondors-thin-us-canada-shipping-oct18","description":"\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan\u003eThe sleekest electric bike ever has now been taken to the eXtreme.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan\u003e Meet SONDORS Thin, \u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eavailable now with END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING\u003c\/span\u003e. Fully loaded with impeccable components, clean lines, and lightweight design. SONDORS proprietary, lithium-ion battery, all-aluminum frame, and included front suspension make Thin the perfect mode of transportation for the daily commuter or weekend adventurer in you. \u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eThe instant you ride Thin, you know you've never felt anything like it. With SONDORS Thin you have the freedom of full-electric power with a simple press of a thumb throttle, or the option of electric pedal assist cycling. \u003cspan\u003eSONDORS Thin also includes \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan\u003e7-speed gear shifter as well as digital\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan\u003e LCD screen that provides a total of five levels of electric pedal assist plus added torque for increased hill-climbing power, greater range, and improved towing capacity.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eYou’ll be dropping jaws and turning heads with Thin flawless styling and superior performance. And when you reach your destination without breaking a sweat, you’ll find Thin extraordinarily light and convenient.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eThis eye-catching beauty has set the precedent in ultra-light electric bike transportation, and that's just the start.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eOrder now and your SONDORS Thin will ship the end of October 2018\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN FRAME\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin durable, 100% aluminum, 19” frame is a one-size-fits-most, and weighs in at just 4.2 pounds - offering a total bike weight of only 38 pounds.\u003c\/span\u003e \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN EXTENDED RANGE BATTERY\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #000000;\"\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin battery is a proprietary design. Unique to SONDORS, this 36V 10.5Ah lithium-ion battery boasts Panasonic cells and the SONDORS patented triangular shape, making it ingeniously slender, lightweight, and a perfect fit for Thin.\u003c\/span\u003e \u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN MOTOR\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin packs a 350W motor, providing more than enough to power your daily commute or a zip down your favorite route. And with speeds up to 20 mph, SONDORS Thin will get you there with quickness and style.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003e\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\n\u003cstrong\u003eTHIN \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e7-SPEED \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSHIFTER \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cbr\u003e\u003cspan\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\n\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eGenuine Shimano® 7-Speed gear cassette with grip shifter. This feature gives SONDORS Thin an additional 7 gears for increased hill-climbing power, further range variation, and greater terrain adaptability. It’s like getting two SONDORS in one.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eTHIN FRONT SUSPENSION \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eA high-performance, shock-absorbing, non-adjustable, front suspension fork takes your riding comfort to the next level. You can expect better handling, improved cornering capabilities, and an overall smoother riding experience.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003e\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN TIRES\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin is an artful conception - and its Kenda® tires are no exception. Measuring in at a sleek\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003e28” x 1.75”,\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eThin tires keep it lean and light while enhancing the overall ease of maneuvering and handling.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN LCD SCREEN\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin includes LCD screen - this feature supplies Thin with five levels of electric pedal assist plus added torque for increased hill climbing power, greater range, and improved towing capacity. In addition, the Thin LCD screen provides a digital display offering accurate battery level, speed and distance traveled.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN RANGE\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eWith the use of the included SONDORS Thin 36V 10.5Ah lithium-ion battery and electric pedal assist, many riders can experience a varied battery range of up to 60 miles*. When using straight electric power (without pedaling), the range can fluctuate to up to 25 miles*.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400; color: #000000;\"\u003e*Range estimates are contingent upon rider and towing weight, riding style, wind speed and terrain.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003e\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003e\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eTHIN SHIPPING AND DELIVERY INCLUDED (END OF OCTOBER 2018)\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eYou can rest assured, each component of your new SONDORS Thin is carefully wrapped in heavy-duty protective materials and packed with love in our famous SONDORS ultra-thick, 7-layered \"motorcycle-grade\" box. The purchase of your new SONDORS includes hand delivery to your door via U.P.S. ground shipping for oversized packages within the contiguous United States.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003ePLEASE NOTE:\u003c\/strong\u003e Shipments to Alaska, Hawaii and Canada will incur an extended area surcharge at checkout. (Alaska and Hawaii: $59.00 \/ Canada: $99.00 USD)\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eIMPORTANT:\u003c\/strong\u003e All SONDORS shown here are available for delivery in \u003cstrong\u003eU.S. and Canada ONLY. \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003eFor SONDORS available in E.U., Norway and Switzerland, visit \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/sondors.com\/collections\/europe\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eSONDORS Europe Collection\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e","published_at":"2018-07-22T11:41:34-07:00","created_at":"2018-07-15T08:16:06-07:00","vendor":"SONDORS Electric Bikes","type":"Electric Bike","tags":["36V","aluminum","aluminumframe","bike","genuineshimano","ion","kenda","lithium","lithiumion","sondors","steel","steelframe"],"price":113900,"price_min":113900,"price_max":113900,"available":true,"price_varies":false,"compare_at_price":null,"compare_at_price_min":0,"compare_at_price_max":0,"compare_at_price_varies":false,"variants":[{"id":12717501907010,"title":"Black Matte \/ Black","option1":"Black Matte \/ Black","option2":null,"option3":null,"sku":"393","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":true,"featured_image":{"id":3894763913282,"product_id":1453432569922,"position":1,"created_at":"2018-07-23T03:09:22-07:00","updated_at":"2018-10-01T05:51:06-07:00","alt":"SONDORS Thin (END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - SONDORS Electric Bikes","width":1024,"height":650,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/products-X7_-_White-Black.jpg?v=1538398266","variant_ids":[12717501907010]},"available":true,"name":"SONDORS Thin (END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - Black Matte \/ Black","public_title":"Black Matte \/ Black","options":["Black Matte \/ Black"],"price":113900,"weight":226796,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_quantity":91,"inventory_management":"shopify","inventory_policy":"deny","barcode":""},{"id":12717506330690,"title":"White \/ Silver","option1":"White \/ Silver","option2":null,"option3":null,"sku":"394","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":true,"featured_image":{"id":3894763946050,"product_id":1453432569922,"position":2,"created_at":"2018-07-23T03:09:23-07:00","updated_at":"2018-10-01T05:51:06-07:00","alt":"SONDORS Thin (END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - SONDORS Electric Bikes","width":1024,"height":650,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Thin_7_-_White-Silver.jpg?v=1538398266","variant_ids":[12717506330690]},"available":true,"name":"SONDORS Thin (END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - White \/ Silver","public_title":"White \/ Silver","options":["White \/ Silver"],"price":113900,"weight":226796,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_quantity":77,"inventory_management":"shopify","inventory_policy":"deny","barcode":""}],"images":["\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/products-X7_-_White-Black.jpg?v=1538398266","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Thin_7_-_White-Silver.jpg?v=1538398266"],"featured_image":"\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/products-X7_-_White-Black.jpg?v=1538398266","options":["Color"],"content":"\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan\u003eThe sleekest electric bike ever has now been taken to the eXtreme.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan\u003e Meet SONDORS Thin, \u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eavailable now with END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING\u003c\/span\u003e. Fully loaded with impeccable components, clean lines, and lightweight design. SONDORS proprietary, lithium-ion battery, all-aluminum frame, and included front suspension make Thin the perfect mode of transportation for the daily commuter or weekend adventurer in you. \u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eThe instant you ride Thin, you know you've never felt anything like it. With SONDORS Thin you have the freedom of full-electric power with a simple press of a thumb throttle, or the option of electric pedal assist cycling. \u003cspan\u003eSONDORS Thin also includes \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan\u003e7-speed gear shifter as well as digital\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan\u003e LCD screen that provides a total of five levels of electric pedal assist plus added torque for increased hill-climbing power, greater range, and improved towing capacity.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eYou’ll be dropping jaws and turning heads with Thin flawless styling and superior performance. And when you reach your destination without breaking a sweat, you’ll find Thin extraordinarily light and convenient.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eThis eye-catching beauty has set the precedent in ultra-light electric bike transportation, and that's just the start.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eOrder now and your SONDORS Thin will ship the end of October 2018\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN FRAME\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin durable, 100% aluminum, 19” frame is a one-size-fits-most, and weighs in at just 4.2 pounds - offering a total bike weight of only 38 pounds.\u003c\/span\u003e \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN EXTENDED RANGE BATTERY\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #000000;\"\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin battery is a proprietary design. Unique to SONDORS, this 36V 10.5Ah lithium-ion battery boasts Panasonic cells and the SONDORS patented triangular shape, making it ingeniously slender, lightweight, and a perfect fit for Thin.\u003c\/span\u003e \u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN MOTOR\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin packs a 350W motor, providing more than enough to power your daily commute or a zip down your favorite route. And with speeds up to 20 mph, SONDORS Thin will get you there with quickness and style.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003e\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\n\u003cstrong\u003eTHIN \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e7-SPEED \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSHIFTER \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cbr\u003e\u003cspan\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\n\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eGenuine Shimano® 7-Speed gear cassette with grip shifter. This feature gives SONDORS Thin an additional 7 gears for increased hill-climbing power, further range variation, and greater terrain adaptability. It’s like getting two SONDORS in one.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eTHIN FRONT SUSPENSION \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eA high-performance, shock-absorbing, non-adjustable, front suspension fork takes your riding comfort to the next level. You can expect better handling, improved cornering capabilities, and an overall smoother riding experience.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003e\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN TIRES\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin is an artful conception - and its Kenda® tires are no exception. Measuring in at a sleek\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003e28” x 1.75”,\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eThin tires keep it lean and light while enhancing the overall ease of maneuvering and handling.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN LCD SCREEN\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin includes LCD screen - this feature supplies Thin with five levels of electric pedal assist plus added torque for increased hill climbing power, greater range, and improved towing capacity. In addition, the Thin LCD screen provides a digital display offering accurate battery level, speed and distance traveled.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN RANGE\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eWith the use of the included SONDORS Thin 36V 10.5Ah lithium-ion battery and electric pedal assist, many riders can experience a varied battery range of up to 60 miles*. When using straight electric power (without pedaling), the range can fluctuate to up to 25 miles*.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400; color: #000000;\"\u003e*Range estimates are contingent upon rider and towing weight, riding style, wind speed and terrain.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003e\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003e\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eTHIN SHIPPING AND DELIVERY INCLUDED (END OF OCTOBER 2018)\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eYou can rest assured, each component of your new SONDORS Thin is carefully wrapped in heavy-duty protective materials and packed with love in our famous SONDORS ultra-thick, 7-layered \"motorcycle-grade\" box. The purchase of your new SONDORS includes hand delivery to your door via U.P.S. ground shipping for oversized packages within the contiguous United States.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003ePLEASE NOTE:\u003c\/strong\u003e Shipments to Alaska, Hawaii and Canada will incur an extended area surcharge at checkout. (Alaska and Hawaii: $59.00 \/ Canada: $99.00 USD)\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eIMPORTANT:\u003c\/strong\u003e All SONDORS shown here are available for delivery in \u003cstrong\u003eU.S. and Canada ONLY. \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003eFor SONDORS available in E.U., Norway and Switzerland, visit \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/sondors.com\/collections\/europe\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eSONDORS Europe Collection\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e"}
FRAME GEOMETRY  EcoBike electric bikes have been specially designed with the daily commuter in mind. The frame is constructed from a high-strength, lightweight 6061 aluminum alloy that maximizes safety and durability.  The enhanced frame design features comfort ergo-geometry that is more upright than a traditional mountain or road bike.  Every EcoBike electric bike is outfitted with suspension on both front forks (except Vatavio) and seat post to deliver a smoother ride. 
There remains an element of myth around them, however. For some, it's cheating; for others, it's like riding a motorbike. Neither is true. Electric bikes offer battery-powered assistance, which means the engine gives you a power boost when you pedal. While this jacks up the price, they're a simple, quick and fun way of commuting, exploring the countryside, or even going off-road. 

If the bike is in fact similar to the EB-5, then it is probably a great around-the-city or campus electric bike, but perhaps not the best long distance commuter for rough roads. Though considering the bike won’t ship for at least another 4 months and the US shipping cost will bring the total price of the Spark Drive Mini to $499, impatient riders might be better off with the equally priced and Amazon-shipped EB-5 anyways.
E-bikes can also provide a source of exercise for individuals who have trouble exercising for an extended time (due to injury or excessive weight, for example) as the bike can allow the rider to take short breaks from pedaling and also provide confidence to the rider that they'll be able to complete the selected path without becoming too fatigued[58] or without having forced their knee joints too hard (people who need to use their knee joints without wearing them out unnecessarily may in some electric bikes adjust the level of motor assistance according to the terrain). A University of Tennessee study provides evidence that energy expenditure (EE) and oxygen consumption (VO2) for e-bikes are 24% lower than that for conventional bicycles, and 64% lower than for walking. Further, the study notes that the difference between e-bikes and bicycles are most pronounced on the uphill segments.[59] Reaching VO2 Max, can really help your body as a whole[60]. Professor Janet Lord of Birmingham University in the UK published a study that looked at older cyclists, ““The study looked at muscle mass, blood cholesterol, their VO2 Max, lung function, and in many of those measures we found they didn’t age! No loss of muscle, their bones were a little thin (but nothing like the general population), their blood pressure didn’t go up.[61]
E-bikes mostly use motors and battery options from a few major suppliers: Bosch, Yamaha, Shimano, and Brose. A few other brands exist, but are less reliable or powerful. Some, like the Yamaha system, have more torque and others are quieter. But generally all four make good options. Look for motor output (in watts) which will give you an idea of total power. But watt hours (Wh) is perhaps a better figure to use—it takes into account battery output and life to give a truer reflection of power.
×