We rode the Vado through the gauntlet, including some of the steepest hills in Palo Alto, and it easily handled everything we threw at it, maintaining a steady 20 miles per hour even on the most daunting of ascents. The bike also handles well on downhills and is both nimble and quick on city streets and paved trails. It’s even comfortable to ride for extended distances, which is vitally important for any bike built for urban settings.
On the road, it takes only a few turns of the pedals to activate the Vado’s motor and get it up to speed. In Turbo mode — the bike’s highest level of pedal-assist — the Vado reaches speeds of up to 28 miles per hour, after which the electric drive system automatically shuts off to conserve power (and abide by local law). A built-in LED readout on the handlebars allows riders to monitor battery life, check current speed, and track calories burned while also being able to glance at distance traveled. The Turbo Vado Mission Control app (iOS/Android) also connects to the bike via Bluetooth and allows riders to further tune their ride and adjust the bike’s settings.
Controllers for brushless motors: E-bikes require high initial torque and therefore models that use brushless motors typically have Hall sensor commutation for speed and angle measurement. An electronic controller provides assistance as a function of the sensor inputs, the vehicle speed and the required force. The controllers generally allow input by means of potentiometer or Hall Effect twist grip (or thumb-operated lever throttle), closed-loop speed control for precise speed regulation, protection logic for over-voltage, over-current and thermal protection. Bikes with a pedal assist function typically have a disc on the crank shaft featuring a ring of magnets coupled with a Hall sensor giving rise to a series of pulses, the frequency of which is proportional to pedaling speed. The controller uses pulse width modulation to regulate the power to the motor. Sometimes support is provided for regenerative braking but infrequent braking and the low mass of bicycles limits recovered energy. An implementation is described in an application note for a 200 W, 24 V Brushless DC (BLDC) motor.[43]
Riese & Muller’s Nevo line definitely tops my list for commuting electric bikes. These bikes are premium, custom made bikes for a reasonable, middle-of-the-road price. All Riese & Muller bikes are hand made in Germany exactly to your specifications. The Nevo line specifically is incredibly well balanced and keeps riders in a comfortable, upright position. Riders also get a suspension seatpost (either the Cane Creek Thudbuster or Satori Elegance LT), which is a nice compromise between the full suspension Homage line and a complete hardtail.

This 48-volt mid-motor electric mountain bike is a great value. The X-Treme Summit is packed with top-of-the-line components from Shimano, Suntour, Tektro, Samsung, Kenda, Velo, and more. With a top speed of 28 mph and tremendous torque from the mid-frame mounted motor, it conquers rough terrain and inclines like a champ. Pull power from the motor by pedal assist and throttle.
“Built to be portable and highly customizable, the Stark Drive Mini e-bike will provide you with everything that you desire for your commute and everyday use. The Stark Drive Mini can easily be folded after you’ve arrived at your destination and conveniently carried into the office or classroom. The Stark Drive is also compact enough to be taken on a plane (adhering to FAA & TSA guidelines), giving you increased mobility wherever your travels take you.”

The Soho is one of Coboc’s four single-speed pedal-assist bikes. The bikes are differentiated with finishing kit - handlebar style, bar-tape, saddle and paint finish. With a retro / bespoke styling with Bullhorn bars, Brooks fabric-tape and Cambium saddle and brushed aluminium frame, the Coboc is an e-bike for riders who don’t want to look like they’re riding an e-bike. The ONE Soho is for a rider that doesn’t want gears either.
Shell Eco-Marathon Americas Competition 2015 1st and 2nd Place Winners Both Used an Electric Bike Technologies Hub Motor! The Mater Dei Supermileage 3 Team of Mater Dei High School, in Evansville, Ind., took the top spot in the Battery-Electric Prototype category. The team built a vehicle using an electric bike motor from Electric Bike Technologies USA and won the electric plug in class at the 2012, 2013, 2014 and 2015 Shell Eco-Marathon Americas. They...
Out on the road the Soho is easy to fire up, just press the button hidden under the top tube (a nice discreet touch), you’ll then get a set of five top-tube mounted LED’s light up to give you a charge indication. First impressions were that the engagement of the motor is a little jerky in tight traffic (tested in central London) and you could find yourself pulled toward the cars you’re weaving though at slow speeds - unless you’re feathering the brakes.

While the first functional battery was developed in the year 1800 by Italian physicist Alessandro Volta, a practical battery would not be seen for several decades yet. By the end of the 19th century, practical and portable batteries were more widely available, this finally freeing the electric motor to be used in a wide new array of applications. It might come as a surprise, but the electric motor, battery, and a bicycle were first paired as far back as the 1890s. It would be approximately 100 years later that electric bicycle development finally entered the mainstream, but the technology and concept behind the electric bike were all in place generations ago.
A letter from Casey Evans to Electric Bike Technologies, makers of the E-BikeKit™ electric bike conversion kit system. This one of kind adaptive electric stroller was designed by students from California State University-Sacramento using two 500w direct-drive hub motors controlled by a single E-BikeKit system. Thank you for enabling me to take my daughter hiking! My name is Casey Evans and my daughter, Montel, was born with a very rare...
{"id":1453432569922,"title":"SONDORS Thin (END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only)","handle":"sondors-thin-us-canada-shipping-oct18","description":"\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan\u003eThe sleekest electric bike ever has now been taken to the eXtreme.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan\u003e Meet SONDORS Thin, \u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eavailable now with END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING\u003c\/span\u003e. Fully loaded with impeccable components, clean lines, and lightweight design. SONDORS proprietary, lithium-ion battery, all-aluminum frame, and included front suspension make Thin the perfect mode of transportation for the daily commuter or weekend adventurer in you. \u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eThe instant you ride Thin, you know you've never felt anything like it. With SONDORS Thin you have the freedom of full-electric power with a simple press of a thumb throttle, or the option of electric pedal assist cycling. \u003cspan\u003eSONDORS Thin also includes \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan\u003e7-speed gear shifter as well as digital\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan\u003e LCD screen that provides a total of five levels of electric pedal assist plus added torque for increased hill-climbing power, greater range, and improved towing capacity.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eYou’ll be dropping jaws and turning heads with Thin flawless styling and superior performance. And when you reach your destination without breaking a sweat, you’ll find Thin extraordinarily light and convenient.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eThis eye-catching beauty has set the precedent in ultra-light electric bike transportation, and that's just the start.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eOrder now and your SONDORS Thin will ship the end of October 2018\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN FRAME\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin durable, 100% aluminum, 19” frame is a one-size-fits-most, and weighs in at just 4.2 pounds - offering a total bike weight of only 38 pounds.\u003c\/span\u003e \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN EXTENDED RANGE BATTERY\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #000000;\"\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin battery is a proprietary design. Unique to SONDORS, this 36V 10.5Ah lithium-ion battery boasts Panasonic cells and the SONDORS patented triangular shape, making it ingeniously slender, lightweight, and a perfect fit for Thin.\u003c\/span\u003e \u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN MOTOR\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin packs a 350W motor, providing more than enough to power your daily commute or a zip down your favorite route. And with speeds up to 20 mph, SONDORS Thin will get you there with quickness and style.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003e\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\n\u003cstrong\u003eTHIN \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e7-SPEED \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSHIFTER \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cbr\u003e\u003cspan\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\n\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eGenuine Shimano® 7-Speed gear cassette with grip shifter. This feature gives SONDORS Thin an additional 7 gears for increased hill-climbing power, further range variation, and greater terrain adaptability. It’s like getting two SONDORS in one.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eTHIN FRONT SUSPENSION \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eA high-performance, shock-absorbing, non-adjustable, front suspension fork takes your riding comfort to the next level. You can expect better handling, improved cornering capabilities, and an overall smoother riding experience.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003e\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN TIRES\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin is an artful conception - and its Kenda® tires are no exception. Measuring in at a sleek\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003e28” x 1.75”,\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eThin tires keep it lean and light while enhancing the overall ease of maneuvering and handling.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN LCD SCREEN\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin includes LCD screen - this feature supplies Thin with five levels of electric pedal assist plus added torque for increased hill climbing power, greater range, and improved towing capacity. In addition, the Thin LCD screen provides a digital display offering accurate battery level, speed and distance traveled.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN RANGE\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eWith the use of the included SONDORS Thin 36V 10.5Ah lithium-ion battery and electric pedal assist, many riders can experience a varied battery range of up to 60 miles*. When using straight electric power (without pedaling), the range can fluctuate to up to 25 miles*.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400; color: #000000;\"\u003e*Range estimates are contingent upon rider and towing weight, riding style, wind speed and terrain.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003e\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003e\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eTHIN SHIPPING AND DELIVERY INCLUDED (END OF OCTOBER 2018)\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eYou can rest assured, each component of your new SONDORS Thin is carefully wrapped in heavy-duty protective materials and packed with love in our famous SONDORS ultra-thick, 7-layered \"motorcycle-grade\" box. The purchase of your new SONDORS includes hand delivery to your door via U.P.S. ground shipping for oversized packages within the contiguous United States.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003ePLEASE NOTE:\u003c\/strong\u003e Shipments to Alaska, Hawaii and Canada will incur an extended area surcharge at checkout. (Alaska and Hawaii: $59.00 \/ Canada: $99.00 USD)\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eIMPORTANT:\u003c\/strong\u003e All SONDORS shown here are available for delivery in \u003cstrong\u003eU.S. and Canada ONLY. \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003eFor SONDORS available in E.U., Norway and Switzerland, visit \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/sondors.com\/collections\/europe\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eSONDORS Europe Collection\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e","published_at":"2018-07-22T11:41:34-07:00","created_at":"2018-07-15T08:16:06-07:00","vendor":"SONDORS Electric Bikes","type":"Electric Bike","tags":["36V","aluminum","aluminumframe","bike","genuineshimano","ion","kenda","lithium","lithiumion","sondors","steel","steelframe"],"price":113900,"price_min":113900,"price_max":113900,"available":true,"price_varies":false,"compare_at_price":null,"compare_at_price_min":0,"compare_at_price_max":0,"compare_at_price_varies":false,"variants":[{"id":12717501907010,"title":"Black Matte \/ Black","option1":"Black Matte \/ Black","option2":null,"option3":null,"sku":"393","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":true,"featured_image":{"id":3894763913282,"product_id":1453432569922,"position":1,"created_at":"2018-07-23T03:09:22-07:00","updated_at":"2018-10-01T05:51:06-07:00","alt":"SONDORS Thin (END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - SONDORS Electric Bikes","width":1024,"height":650,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/products-X7_-_White-Black.jpg?v=1538398266","variant_ids":[12717501907010]},"available":true,"name":"SONDORS Thin (END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - Black Matte \/ Black","public_title":"Black Matte \/ Black","options":["Black Matte \/ Black"],"price":113900,"weight":226796,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_quantity":92,"inventory_management":"shopify","inventory_policy":"deny","barcode":""},{"id":12717506330690,"title":"White \/ Silver","option1":"White \/ Silver","option2":null,"option3":null,"sku":"394","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":true,"featured_image":{"id":3894763946050,"product_id":1453432569922,"position":2,"created_at":"2018-07-23T03:09:23-07:00","updated_at":"2018-10-01T05:51:06-07:00","alt":"SONDORS Thin (END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - SONDORS Electric Bikes","width":1024,"height":650,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Thin_7_-_White-Silver.jpg?v=1538398266","variant_ids":[12717506330690]},"available":true,"name":"SONDORS Thin (END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - White \/ Silver","public_title":"White \/ Silver","options":["White \/ Silver"],"price":113900,"weight":226796,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_quantity":77,"inventory_management":"shopify","inventory_policy":"deny","barcode":""}],"images":["\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/products-X7_-_White-Black.jpg?v=1538398266","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Thin_7_-_White-Silver.jpg?v=1538398266"],"featured_image":"\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/products-X7_-_White-Black.jpg?v=1538398266","options":["Color"],"content":"\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan\u003eThe sleekest electric bike ever has now been taken to the eXtreme.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan\u003e Meet SONDORS Thin, \u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eavailable now with END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING\u003c\/span\u003e. Fully loaded with impeccable components, clean lines, and lightweight design. SONDORS proprietary, lithium-ion battery, all-aluminum frame, and included front suspension make Thin the perfect mode of transportation for the daily commuter or weekend adventurer in you. \u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eThe instant you ride Thin, you know you've never felt anything like it. With SONDORS Thin you have the freedom of full-electric power with a simple press of a thumb throttle, or the option of electric pedal assist cycling. \u003cspan\u003eSONDORS Thin also includes \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan\u003e7-speed gear shifter as well as digital\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan\u003e LCD screen that provides a total of five levels of electric pedal assist plus added torque for increased hill-climbing power, greater range, and improved towing capacity.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eYou’ll be dropping jaws and turning heads with Thin flawless styling and superior performance. And when you reach your destination without breaking a sweat, you’ll find Thin extraordinarily light and convenient.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eThis eye-catching beauty has set the precedent in ultra-light electric bike transportation, and that's just the start.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eOrder now and your SONDORS Thin will ship the end of October 2018\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN FRAME\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin durable, 100% aluminum, 19” frame is a one-size-fits-most, and weighs in at just 4.2 pounds - offering a total bike weight of only 38 pounds.\u003c\/span\u003e \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN EXTENDED RANGE BATTERY\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #000000;\"\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin battery is a proprietary design. Unique to SONDORS, this 36V 10.5Ah lithium-ion battery boasts Panasonic cells and the SONDORS patented triangular shape, making it ingeniously slender, lightweight, and a perfect fit for Thin.\u003c\/span\u003e \u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN MOTOR\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin packs a 350W motor, providing more than enough to power your daily commute or a zip down your favorite route. And with speeds up to 20 mph, SONDORS Thin will get you there with quickness and style.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003e\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\n\u003cstrong\u003eTHIN \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e7-SPEED \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSHIFTER \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cbr\u003e\u003cspan\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\n\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eGenuine Shimano® 7-Speed gear cassette with grip shifter. This feature gives SONDORS Thin an additional 7 gears for increased hill-climbing power, further range variation, and greater terrain adaptability. It’s like getting two SONDORS in one.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eTHIN FRONT SUSPENSION \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eA high-performance, shock-absorbing, non-adjustable, front suspension fork takes your riding comfort to the next level. You can expect better handling, improved cornering capabilities, and an overall smoother riding experience.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003e\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN TIRES\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin is an artful conception - and its Kenda® tires are no exception. Measuring in at a sleek\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003e28” x 1.75”,\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eThin tires keep it lean and light while enhancing the overall ease of maneuvering and handling.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN LCD SCREEN\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eSONDORS Thin includes LCD screen - this feature supplies Thin with five levels of electric pedal assist plus added torque for increased hill climbing power, greater range, and improved towing capacity. In addition, the Thin LCD screen provides a digital display offering accurate battery level, speed and distance traveled.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003eTHIN RANGE\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400;\"\u003eWith the use of the included SONDORS Thin 36V 10.5Ah lithium-ion battery and electric pedal assist, many riders can experience a varied battery range of up to 60 miles*. When using straight electric power (without pedaling), the range can fluctuate to up to 25 miles*.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"font-weight: 400; color: #000000;\"\u003e*Range estimates are contingent upon rider and towing weight, riding style, wind speed and terrain.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003e\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cb\u003e\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eTHIN SHIPPING AND DELIVERY INCLUDED (END OF OCTOBER 2018)\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eYou can rest assured, each component of your new SONDORS Thin is carefully wrapped in heavy-duty protective materials and packed with love in our famous SONDORS ultra-thick, 7-layered \"motorcycle-grade\" box. The purchase of your new SONDORS includes hand delivery to your door via U.P.S. ground shipping for oversized packages within the contiguous United States.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003ePLEASE NOTE:\u003c\/strong\u003e Shipments to Alaska, Hawaii and Canada will incur an extended area surcharge at checkout. (Alaska and Hawaii: $59.00 \/ Canada: $99.00 USD)\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eIMPORTANT:\u003c\/strong\u003e All SONDORS shown here are available for delivery in \u003cstrong\u003eU.S. and Canada ONLY. \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003eFor SONDORS available in E.U., Norway and Switzerland, visit \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/sondors.com\/collections\/europe\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eSONDORS Europe Collection\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e"}
Because the power is applied through the chain and sprocket, power is typically limited to around 250–500 watts to protect against fast wear on the drivetrain. An electric mid-drive combined with an internal gear hub at the back hub may require care due to the lack of a clutch mechanism to soften the shock to the gears at the moment of re-engagement. A continuously variable transmission or a fully automatic internal gear hub may reduce the shocks due to the viscosity of oils used for liquid coupling instead of the mechanical couplings of the conventional internal gear hubs.
The environmental credentials of e-bikes, and electric / human powered hybrids generally, have led some municipal authorities to use them, such as Little Rock, Arkansas with their Wavecrest electric power-assisted bicycles or Cloverdale, California police with Zap e-bikes. China’s e-bike manufacturers, such as Xinri, are now partnering with universities in a bid to improve their technology in line with international environmental standards, backed by the Chinese government who is keen to improve the export potential of the Chinese manufactured e-bikes.[67]

In addition, Kalk weighs under 155 pounds — less than half of traditional motorbikes. Cake customized parts of the drivetrain and implemented an interior permanent magnet (IPM) motor. On a single charge, the bike travels up to 50 miles and as a bonus feature, maintenance is minimal due to the fact there are few moving parts thanks to its lack of a combustion engine.

Tackle your daily commute with ease or go for a weekend cruise in style with the Gazelle CityZen T10 e-bike. And don’t worry about those thigh-burning hills; the Bosch motor offers four assist levels—Eco, Tour, Range Sport, Turbo—making hills a breeze and the Lithium-Ion battery provides a range of up to 85 miles in Eco mode. The bike is one of the first to use Bosch's new integrated battery, which is concealed in the downtube. The matte black paint and classic, step-through design give a classic look while fenders, pannier racks, and integrated lights add practical functionality. The bike is easy to maneuver in city streets, but still has assist up to 28mph so you can cover a lot of miles and power up steep hills. There's a suspension fork too. It's not at the level of something you'd find on a mountain bike (or even some better e-bikes) but it takes the edge of some potholes and curbs.

×