Using an electric bike for long-distance touring has its pros and cons. The motor will help carry the extra weight of your kit, particularly on the hills, but you have the added hassle of having to charge the battery every night. You’ll want a powerful motor and a good battery, though if you’re fully loaded, don’t expect to achieve the maximum advertised range.
Although ebikes are easier to use in some instances, such as climbing hills, there are safety concerns. Because the bikes are heavier than traditional bikes, balance can be a problem. And, of course, ebikes allow people to cycle at higher speeds than usual. “A normal rider will average between 12 to 15 mph, where an ebike rider will average between 15 to 20 mph,” Abadie says. An increase in the number of deaths of elderly male ebike riders in the Netherlands has been attributed to their overconfidence in being able to ride at high speeds and to mount and dismount the bikes.
But this bike isn’t just about the accessories. The powerful 48V 13Ah battery will allow you to pedal for longer, with some riders getting over 100 miles from one charge. The bike can be ridden as pedal-assist or throttle only and it’s equipped with full suspension and puncture-free Kenda tires. It folds up neatly to fit into the boot of a car or for commuting, though at 57 pounds, it’s heavy to cart around. A great value-for-money commuting bike with lots of features.
ENJOY THE PEDEGO ELECTRIC BIKE EXPERIENCE & LOUNGE AT VELOSWAP Pedego Denver electric bikes  and Subaru Veloswap are proud to sponsor the Velo Lounge at the National Stock Show Events Center on November 4, 2017.  A no host coffee cart will be available in the a.m.  A no host beer/wine bar set-up in the afternoon.  Veloswap shoppers will be able to rest at seats and tables during the event while enjoying their beverage..   Meanwhile, attendees will be able to experience the full line-up of Pedego Electric Bikes.  Video monitors will allow viewers to learn about the the number one selling electric bike in the US market.  The Pedego Denver staff will be providing further information and free magazines.  The...
Electric Bike Technologies LLC has the right, in its sole discretion, to maintain the integrity of the Sweepstakes, to void votes for any reason, including, but not limited to; multiple entries from the same user from different IP addresses; multiple entries from the same computer in excess of that allowed by sweepstakes rules; or the use of bots, macros or scripts or other technical means for entering. Any attempt by an entrant to deliberately damage any web site or undermine the legitimate operation of the sweepstakes may be a violation of criminal and civil laws and should such an attempt be made, Electric Bike Technologies LLC reserves the right to seek damages from any such person to the fullest extent permitted by law.
The first functioning electric motor was displayed in the early 19th century, though the device constructed by British scientist Michael Faraday did little more than swirl a wire around a magnet when an electric charge was introduced. Still, the concept proved that electricity could do work. Functional electric motors would follow in many forms after that achievement in 1821. Soon scientists and tinkerers around the world, including visionaries such as Nikola Tesla, were experimenting with all manner of electric motors -- some worked with DC power, others with AC. By the end of the century, myriad electric motors had been produced, capable of exerting enough force with enough reliable control that they were practical for use in myriad applications.

Kalkhoff enjoys an enviable reputation by virtue of a long and revered history based upon obsessive craftsmanship and insistence upon only the most indestructible and ecologically attuned processes, materials and components, together with the most stunning and intuitive technologies available. Their bikes are over-engineered to over-perform and yet stubbornly maintain value over time.

{"id":1455239921730,"title":"SONDORS X (END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only)","handle":"sondors-x-us-canada-shipping-oct18","description":"\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#cc0000\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#990000\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan\u003eAmerica's favorite electric bike has been taken to the eXtreme. \u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eAvailable now with END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING \u003c\/span\u003e. SONDORS X 48V 17.5 Li-ion battery nearly doubles your range, and when paired with a 500 watt motor, it offers extreme torque, towing capacity and hill-climbing power never-before seen in a SONDORS. Now, \u003c\/span\u003eSONDORS X also includes SONDORS Air Shocks, our highest-performance, shock-absorbing, suspension forks which provide better handling, improved cornering capabilities, and an overall smooth-as-air riding experience. And, with speeds up to 20 mph, SONDORS X is sure to add smiles to your miles. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eOrder now and your SONDORS X will ship end of October 2018\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X FRAME\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X 17.75” frame is one-size-fits-most, made from 100% durable, lighter-weight, aluminum. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X BATTERY\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X battery is a proprietary design and the largest capacity battery ever offered by SONDORS. Unique to SONDORS, this 48 V 17.5Ah lithium-ion battery boasts Panasonic, LG or Samsung cells and the SONDORS patented triangular shape, making it ingeniously slender, lightweight, and a perfect fit for SONDORS X.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X MOTOR\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X proudly boasts power never-before seen in a SONDORS. Paired with SONDORS X 48 V 17.5Ah lithium-ion battery, this 500W motor offers eXtreme hill climbing, acceleration, and towing capacity to power your daily adventure. And with speeds up to 20 mph, SONDORS X will bring smiles to your miles. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X 7- SPEED SHIFTER \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eGenuine Shimano® 7-Speed gear cassette with grip shifter. This feature gives SONDORS X an additional 7 gears for increased hill-climbing power, further range variation, and greater terrain adaptability. It’s like getting two SONDORS in one.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cspan\u003e\u003cb\u003eSONDORS X AIR SHOCKS\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003ecomes equipped with our highest-performance, shock-absorbing, suspension forks including adjustable air \u003cspan\u003espring suspension with damper\u003c\/span\u003e. You can expect better handling, improved cornering capabilities, and an overall smooth-as-air riding experience.\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X TIRES\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X is a showstopper - and its legendary, all-terrain tires are more than the reason. Measuring in at a chunky 26 x 4.9 inches, SONDORS X \"fat tires\" keep it sturdy and versatile while conquering pavement, sand, dirt or snow.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X LCD SCREEN \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X comes with an LCD screen upgrade  - this feature supplies five levels of electric pedal assist plus added torque for increased hill-climbing power, greater range, and improved towing capacity. In addition, the LCD screen provides a digital display offering accurate battery level, speed and distance traveled.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X RANGE\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eWith the use of the included SONDORS X 48V 17.5 Ah lithium-ion battery along with electric pedal assist, many riders can experience a varied battery range of up to 40-60 miles*. When using straight electric power (without pedaling), the range can fluctuate to up to 35 miles*.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e*Range estimates are contingent upon rider and towing weight, riding style, wind speed and terrain.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X WEIGHT\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X is built with endurance and adaptability in mind. It means business with its all-aluminum frame, all-terrain tires, and readiness to vanquish nearly any landscape. SONDORS X is sure to inspire confidence as it rolls in with conviction at a total approximate weight of 70 pounds. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\n\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSHIPPING AND DELIVERY INCLUDED (OCTOBER\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e 2018)\u003c\/strong\u003e\n\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eYou can rest assured, each component of your new SONDORS is carefully wrapped in heavy-duty protective materials and packed with love in our famous SONDORS ultra-thick, 7-layered \"motorcycle-grade\" box. The purchase of your new SONDORS includes hand delivery to your door via U.P.S. ground shipping for oversized packages within the contiguous United States.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003ePLEASE NOTE:\u003c\/strong\u003e Shipments to Alaska, Hawaii and Canada will incur an extended area surcharge at checkout. (Alaska and Hawaii: $59.00 \/ Canada: $99.00 USD)\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eIMPORTANT:\u003c\/strong\u003e All SONDORS shown here are available for delivery in \u003cstrong\u003eU.S. and Canada ONLY. \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003eFor SONDORS available in E.U., Norway and Switzerland, visit \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/sondors.com\/collections\/europe\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eSONDORS Europe Collection\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e","published_at":"2018-07-22T11:41:41-07:00","created_at":"2018-07-16T07:06:12-07:00","vendor":"SONDORS Electric Bikes","type":"Electric Bike","tags":["500W","aluminum","aluminumframe","aluminumframe48V","Battery","ion","lithium","lithiumion","sondors","steel","steelframe"],"price":149900,"price_min":149900,"price_max":149900,"available":true,"price_varies":false,"compare_at_price":null,"compare_at_price_min":0,"compare_at_price_max":0,"compare_at_price_varies":false,"variants":[{"id":12717491159106,"title":"Black Matte \/ Black","option1":"Black Matte \/ Black","option2":null,"option3":null,"sku":"796","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":true,"featured_image":{"id":3894659350594,"product_id":1455239921730,"position":1,"created_at":"2018-07-23T02:27:48-07:00","updated_at":"2018-10-01T05:51:11-07:00","alt":"SONDORS X (END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - SONDORS Electric Bikes","width":1024,"height":650,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/products_X7_-_Black-Black.jpg?v=1538398271","variant_ids":[12717491159106]},"available":true,"name":"SONDORS X (END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - Black Matte \/ Black","public_title":"Black Matte \/ Black","options":["Black Matte \/ Black"],"price":149900,"weight":226796,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_quantity":29,"inventory_management":"shopify","inventory_policy":"deny","barcode":""},{"id":12717498761282,"title":"White \/ Black","option1":"White \/ Black","option2":null,"option3":null,"sku":"797","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":true,"featured_image":{"id":3894659514434,"product_id":1455239921730,"position":2,"created_at":"2018-07-23T02:27:51-07:00","updated_at":"2018-10-01T05:51:11-07:00","alt":"SONDORS X (END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - SONDORS Electric Bikes","width":1024,"height":650,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/products_X7_-_White-Black.jpg?v=1538398271","variant_ids":[12717498761282]},"available":true,"name":"SONDORS X (END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - White \/ Black","public_title":"White \/ Black","options":["White \/ Black"],"price":149900,"weight":226796,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_quantity":47,"inventory_management":"shopify","inventory_policy":"deny","barcode":""},{"id":12717498794050,"title":"Silver \/ Blue","option1":"Silver \/ Blue","option2":null,"option3":null,"sku":"798","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":true,"featured_image":{"id":3894659416130,"product_id":1455239921730,"position":3,"created_at":"2018-07-23T02:27:49-07:00","updated_at":"2018-10-01T05:51:11-07:00","alt":"SONDORS X (END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - SONDORS Electric Bikes","width":1024,"height":650,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/products_X7_-_Silver-Blue.jpg?v=1538398271","variant_ids":[12717498794050]},"available":true,"name":"SONDORS X (END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - Silver \/ Blue","public_title":"Silver \/ Blue","options":["Silver \/ Blue"],"price":149900,"weight":226796,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_quantity":14,"inventory_management":"shopify","inventory_policy":"deny","barcode":""}],"images":["\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/products_X7_-_Black-Black.jpg?v=1538398271","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/products_X7_-_White-Black.jpg?v=1538398271","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/products_X7_-_Silver-Blue.jpg?v=1538398271"],"featured_image":"\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/products_X7_-_Black-Black.jpg?v=1538398271","options":["Color"],"content":"\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#cc0000\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#990000\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan\u003eAmerica's favorite electric bike has been taken to the eXtreme. \u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eAvailable now with END OF OCTOBER SHIPPING \u003c\/span\u003e. SONDORS X 48V 17.5 Li-ion battery nearly doubles your range, and when paired with a 500 watt motor, it offers extreme torque, towing capacity and hill-climbing power never-before seen in a SONDORS. Now, \u003c\/span\u003eSONDORS X also includes SONDORS Air Shocks, our highest-performance, shock-absorbing, suspension forks which provide better handling, improved cornering capabilities, and an overall smooth-as-air riding experience. And, with speeds up to 20 mph, SONDORS X is sure to add smiles to your miles. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eOrder now and your SONDORS X will ship end of October 2018\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X FRAME\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X 17.75” frame is one-size-fits-most, made from 100% durable, lighter-weight, aluminum. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X BATTERY\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X battery is a proprietary design and the largest capacity battery ever offered by SONDORS. Unique to SONDORS, this 48 V 17.5Ah lithium-ion battery boasts Panasonic, LG or Samsung cells and the SONDORS patented triangular shape, making it ingeniously slender, lightweight, and a perfect fit for SONDORS X.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X MOTOR\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X proudly boasts power never-before seen in a SONDORS. Paired with SONDORS X 48 V 17.5Ah lithium-ion battery, this 500W motor offers eXtreme hill climbing, acceleration, and towing capacity to power your daily adventure. And with speeds up to 20 mph, SONDORS X will bring smiles to your miles. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X 7- SPEED SHIFTER \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eGenuine Shimano® 7-Speed gear cassette with grip shifter. This feature gives SONDORS X an additional 7 gears for increased hill-climbing power, further range variation, and greater terrain adaptability. It’s like getting two SONDORS in one.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cspan\u003e\u003cb\u003eSONDORS X AIR SHOCKS\u003c\/b\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003ecomes equipped with our highest-performance, shock-absorbing, suspension forks including adjustable air \u003cspan\u003espring suspension with damper\u003c\/span\u003e. You can expect better handling, improved cornering capabilities, and an overall smooth-as-air riding experience.\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X TIRES\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X is a showstopper - and its legendary, all-terrain tires are more than the reason. Measuring in at a chunky 26 x 4.9 inches, SONDORS X \"fat tires\" keep it sturdy and versatile while conquering pavement, sand, dirt or snow.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X LCD SCREEN \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X comes with an LCD screen upgrade  - this feature supplies five levels of electric pedal assist plus added torque for increased hill-climbing power, greater range, and improved towing capacity. In addition, the LCD screen provides a digital display offering accurate battery level, speed and distance traveled.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X RANGE\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eWith the use of the included SONDORS X 48V 17.5 Ah lithium-ion battery along with electric pedal assist, many riders can experience a varied battery range of up to 40-60 miles*. When using straight electric power (without pedaling), the range can fluctuate to up to 35 miles*.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e*Range estimates are contingent upon rider and towing weight, riding style, wind speed and terrain.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X WEIGHT\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS X is built with endurance and adaptability in mind. It means business with its all-aluminum frame, all-terrain tires, and readiness to vanquish nearly any landscape. SONDORS X is sure to inspire confidence as it rolls in with conviction at a total approximate weight of 70 pounds. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\n\u003cstrong\u003eSONDORS X \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSHIPPING AND DELIVERY INCLUDED (OCTOBER\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e 2018)\u003c\/strong\u003e\n\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eYou can rest assured, each component of your new SONDORS is carefully wrapped in heavy-duty protective materials and packed with love in our famous SONDORS ultra-thick, 7-layered \"motorcycle-grade\" box. The purchase of your new SONDORS includes hand delivery to your door via U.P.S. ground shipping for oversized packages within the contiguous United States.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003ePLEASE NOTE:\u003c\/strong\u003e Shipments to Alaska, Hawaii and Canada will incur an extended area surcharge at checkout. (Alaska and Hawaii: $59.00 \/ Canada: $99.00 USD)\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eIMPORTANT:\u003c\/strong\u003e All SONDORS shown here are available for delivery in \u003cstrong\u003eU.S. and Canada ONLY. \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003eFor SONDORS available in E.U., Norway and Switzerland, visit \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/sondors.com\/collections\/europe\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eSONDORS Europe Collection\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e"}
It will be of little surprise to learn that the Hanebrink all-terrain vehicle was designed by six time Mountain Bike national class champion and former U.S. National Team member Dan Hanebrink. It's based on 1993's Extreme Terrain fat tire pedal bike and is made to order at the Fortune Hanebrink workshop at Big Bear Lake, California. Echoing the philosophy of many electric assist bicycle makers, Hanebrink says: "We are not trying to replace standard bicycles, we want to replace cars and trucks."

This bike is named the GSD because with it you can Get Stuff Done. Twenty-inch wheels keep the center of gravity low so heavy payloads—it's rated up to 400lbs—are easy to balance and a short (for a cargo bike) 70-inch wheelbase, similar to a standard single bike, make the GSD easy to maneuver. Designed with the urban commuter in mind, the bike can easily break down to 60 percent of its original size to fit into the back of a car and the rear rack doubles as a stand that allows it to stand upright to minimize space inside tight apartments. Put two child seats on the back and take the family along, or drop the seat and let you kid take the bike out himself—anyone from 4'10" to 6'5" can ride this bike. Last but not least, the GSD gives you the option of adding a second battery to extend your range up to about 150 miles on a single charge.
Controllers for brushed motors: Brushed motors are also used in e-bikes but are becoming less common due to their intrinsic lower efficiency. Controllers for brushed motors however are much simpler and cheaper due to the fact they don't require hall sensor feedback and are typically designed to be open-loop controllers. Some controllers can handle multiple voltages.

“Even if you deal with the tubing supply chain and consumer retail price tolerance, there is no supply chain here for the cables, shifters, crank sets, chains, saddles, and every other part. It would take decades to set all of this up, but you would first have to get consumers to the point where they will pay $1,800 for the bike that they could get for $400.”
Bicycles featuring pedal power were developed during the subsequent decades of the 19th century, with the most emblematic example being the bicycle we know today as the Penny-Farthing. The bike was named based on the substantial difference in its wheel size resembling the larger and smaller Penny and Farthing coins, respectively. These bicycles were wildly popular among the well heeled upper classes of Europe and America despite their penchant for launching riders head first over the large wheel, not to mention their relative difficulty to mount and dismount.
The Dash is an excellent, low-cost option for those looking for an intro to e-bikes kind of ride. The TranzX motor will take you up to 28mph for about 16-35 miles per charge–more if you’re conservative with the assist. The components aren’t too shabby either. Shimano M365 hydraulic disc brakes keep you safe, the Shimano Deore SGS drivetrain, and RockShox Paragon fork with 65mm of travel make it a great entry level option.
On the road, it takes only a few turns of the pedals to activate the Vado’s motor and get it up to speed. In Turbo mode — the bike’s highest level of pedal-assist — the Vado reaches speeds of up to 28 miles per hour, after which the electric drive system automatically shuts off to conserve power (and abide by local law). A built-in LED readout on the handlebars allows riders to monitor battery life, check current speed, and track calories burned while also being able to glance at distance traveled. The Turbo Vado Mission Control app (iOS/Android) also connects to the bike via Bluetooth and allows riders to further tune their ride and adjust the bike’s settings.
Because e-bikes are capable of greater speeds for longer periods of time than standard bikes, you want extra control. Wider tires provide traction and some bump absorption with little penalty. You also want strong brakes to slow you (and all that extra weight) easily. It's worth looking at the quality of the brakes and investing in bikes with better ones if you can.
×