ELECTRONIC CONTROL  The Zero-Smart-Start speed controller delivers ease of use and smooth drive control and offers a multi-function variable speed output.  It is state of the art, producing consistent efficient power.  The automatic Pedal Assist mode produces a power burst that dramatically assists the pedaling effort.  The Zero-Smart-Start electronic throttle control allows the rider to relax and not pedal at all. 
Information about the company’s two co-founders is scant. Storm Sondors has left virtually no trail behind him on the Internet, save for a seldom-used YouTube account. Jon Hopp is a film editor working for a Los Angeles marketing firm. His Facebook account displays photos of two fat-tire bikes virtually identical to the Storm eBike, sporting logos from different manufacturers.
The Focus comes with lots of extras: front and rear lights, bell, fenders, chain guard and rack. The Panasonic drive system that powers it is the same unit that was on the Kalkhoff bike that climbed to the top of the Pikes Peak bicycle race, one of only 3 types of bikes to survive this 8000 foot 20-mile climb in 2012. The Panasonic drive system is a well built piece of E-bike engineering which drives the bottom bracket and powers the rear wheel through the same drive chain as the rider. It is only available on OEM bikes which have been-purpose built using it. It stands as one of the most refined mid-drive systems ever built.
Controllers for brushless motors: E-bikes require high initial torque and therefore models that use brushless motors typically have Hall sensor commutation for speed and angle measurement. An electronic controller provides assistance as a function of the sensor inputs, the vehicle speed and the required force. The controllers generally allow input by means of potentiometer or Hall Effect twist grip (or thumb-operated lever throttle), closed-loop speed control for precise speed regulation, protection logic for over-voltage, over-current and thermal protection. Bikes with a pedal assist function typically have a disc on the crank shaft featuring a ring of magnets coupled with a Hall sensor giving rise to a series of pulses, the frequency of which is proportional to pedaling speed. The controller uses pulse width modulation to regulate the power to the motor. Sometimes support is provided for regenerative braking but infrequent braking and the low mass of bicycles limits recovered energy. An implementation is described in an application note for a 200 W, 24 V Brushless DC (BLDC) motor.[43]
It’s impressive just how traditional a finish they’ve achieved for a pedal-assist bike, especially considering the motor uses Kinetic Energy Recovery to charge itself (like F1 Cars). Firing up the motor is achieved by back-pedaling three times (while travelling over 8mph). It’s a neat idea, and a clever way of doing away with those cables and switches, but in reality it’s fiddly. Riding in the city we occasionally felt ridiculous on a busy street pedaling backward rather than forward to kick off the assist. It’s also a chore getting the bike to speed and going through the motion to activate in tight spaces such as underground garages or on an incline.
What does this mean for anyone with Stark Drive that was backed with greater then a 250W motor? Quite simply, it means that as long as you have not modified Stark Drive in any way, and depending on your local countries regulations (if they differe with this EU Standard) you are now able to use your bike legally in your location no matter where you are in the EU.
{"id":1455227109442,"title":"SONDORS Fold X (EARLY NOVEMBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only)","handle":"sondors-fold-x-us-canada-shipping-oct18","description":"\u003cp\u003eThe folding bike everyone’s been waiting for has been taken to the eXtreme, and is \u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eavailable with SHIPPING IN EARLY NOVEMBER\u003c\/span\u003e. SONDORS Fold X has a 48V 14 Ah battery, that nearly doubles your range, and paired with a 500W motor it offers eXtreme torque, towing capacity, and hill-climbing power like never-before seen in a SONDORS. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS Fold X is the latest game-changer in transportation, and its durable, versatility and eye-catching design are what make it a SONDORS. SONDORS Fold X the ideal choice for eXtremely smart, convenient transportation no matter where you live. In two simple folds and less than ten seconds, SONDORS Fold X is ready for effortless stowage in just about any space.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSuperbly sturdy and versatile, SONDORS Fold X is like no other folding electric bike on the market - built with both the city living and off-road adventures in mind, SONDORS Fold X is prepared to vanquish virtually any terrain mother nature can throw at you.\u003cbr\u003e\u003cbr\u003eThe instant you ride SONDORS Fold X, you know you've never experienced anything like it. With SONDORS Fold X, you have the freedom of full-electric power with a simple press of a thumb throttle, or the option of minimal-effort cycling with electric pedal assist.\u003cbr\u003e\u003cbr\u003eYou can expect to be turn heads with Fold X’s flawless styling and eXtreme performance while finding SONDORS Fold X eXtraordinarily adaptable, portable and convenient. Effortlessly slide SONDORS Fold X  into the trunk of a car or along your side on the bus or train, and reach your destination in style without breaking a sweat.\u003cbr\u003e\u003cbr\u003eThis eXtremely stunning, foldable electric bike has set the precedent in portable transportation, and is the perfect extension to your current SONDORS collection.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eOrder now and your SONDORS Fold X will ship in Early November 2018\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cstrong\u003eFOLD X FRAME\u003c\/strong\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS Fold durable, 100% forged aluminum frame is a one-size-fits-most, and weighs in at just 6 pounds - offering a total bike weight of 50 pounds.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eFOLD X BATTERY\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cbr\u003eUnique to SONDORS, Fold X offers a proprietary cylinder battery design, with the largest capacity ever offered by SONDORS. 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It’s like getting two SONDORS in one.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eFOLD X TIRES\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS Fold X is a work of art - and its tires are no exception. Measuring in at a  20 x 4.0 inches, Fold X tires keep it solid while enhancing overall appearance, flexibility and handling.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eFOLD X LCD SCREEN\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cbr\u003eSONDORS Fold X includes an LCD screen - this feature supplies Fold X with five levels of electric pedal assist plus added torque for increased hill-climbing power, greater range, and improved towing capacity. In addition, the Fold X LCD screen provides a digital display offering accurate battery level, speed and distance traveled.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eFOLD X RANGE\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cbr\u003eWith the use of the included Fold X 48V 14.0 Ah lithium-ion battery along with electric pedal assist, many riders can experience a varied battery range of up to 40-60 miles*. When using straight electric power (without pedaling), the range can fluctuate up to 30 miles*.\u003cbr\u003e\u003cbr\u003e*Range estimates are contingent upon rider and towing weight, riding style, wind speed and terrain.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cb\u003eFOLD \u003c\/b\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSHIPPING AND DELIVERY INCLUDED (EARLY NOVEMBER 2018)\u003c\/strong\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eYou can rest assured, each component of your new SONDORS is carefully wrapped in heavy-duty protective materials and packed with love in our famous SONDORS ultra-thick, 7-layered \"motorcycle-grade\" box. The purchase of your new SONDORS includes hand delivery to your door via U.P.S. ground shipping for oversized packages within the contiguous United States.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003ePLEASE NOTE:\u003c\/strong\u003e Shipments to Alaska, Hawaii and Canada will incur an extended area surcharge at checkout. (Alaska and Hawaii: $59.00 \/ Canada: $99.00 USD)\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eIMPORTANT:\u003c\/strong\u003e All SONDORS shown here are available for delivery in \u003cstrong\u003eU.S. and Canada ONLY. \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003eFor SONDORS available in E.U., Norway and Switzerland, visit \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/sondors.com\/collections\/europe\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eSONDORS Europe Collection\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e","published_at":"2018-07-22T11:41:13-07:00","created_at":"2018-07-16T06:53:18-07:00","vendor":"SONDORS Electric Bikes","type":"Electric Bike","tags":["48v","500w","Battery","bike","fat tire","gear","ion","lithium","motor","shimano","sondors","tire","x"],"price":129900,"price_min":129900,"price_max":129900,"available":true,"price_varies":false,"compare_at_price":null,"compare_at_price_min":0,"compare_at_price_max":0,"compare_at_price_varies":false,"variants":[{"id":12717456621634,"title":"White \/ Black","option1":"White \/ Black","option2":null,"option3":null,"sku":"691","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":true,"featured_image":{"id":4250497712194,"product_id":1455227109442,"position":1,"created_at":"2018-09-26T09:59:47-07:00","updated_at":"2018-10-01T05:50:55-07:00","alt":"SONDORS Fold X (OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - SONDORS Electric Bikes","width":5472,"height":3648,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Fold_X_7_-_White-Black.jpg?v=1538398255","variant_ids":[12717456621634]},"available":true,"name":"SONDORS Fold X (EARLY NOVEMBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - White \/ Black","public_title":"White \/ Black","options":["White \/ Black"],"price":129900,"weight":136078,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_quantity":51,"inventory_management":"shopify","inventory_policy":"deny","barcode":""},{"id":12717467729986,"title":"Pistol Matte \/ Blue","option1":"Pistol Matte \/ Blue","option2":null,"option3":null,"sku":"698","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":true,"featured_image":{"id":4250497515586,"product_id":1455227109442,"position":3,"created_at":"2018-09-26T09:59:41-07:00","updated_at":"2018-10-01T05:50:55-07:00","alt":"SONDORS Fold X (OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - SONDORS Electric Bikes","width":5472,"height":3648,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Fold_X_7_-_Pistol_Matte-Blue.jpg?v=1538398255","variant_ids":[12717467729986]},"available":true,"name":"SONDORS Fold X (EARLY NOVEMBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - Pistol Matte \/ Blue","public_title":"Pistol Matte \/ Blue","options":["Pistol Matte \/ Blue"],"price":129900,"weight":136078,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_quantity":35,"inventory_management":"shopify","inventory_policy":"deny","barcode":""},{"id":12717467762754,"title":"Black \/ Silver","option1":"Black \/ Silver","option2":null,"option3":null,"sku":"699","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":true,"featured_image":{"id":4250497450050,"product_id":1455227109442,"position":2,"created_at":"2018-09-26T09:59:37-07:00","updated_at":"2018-10-01T05:50:55-07:00","alt":"SONDORS Fold X (OCTOBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - SONDORS Electric Bikes","width":4946,"height":3937,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Fold_X_7_-_Black-Silver.jpg?v=1538398255","variant_ids":[12717467762754]},"available":true,"name":"SONDORS Fold X (EARLY NOVEMBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - Black \/ Silver","public_title":"Black \/ Silver","options":["Black \/ Silver"],"price":129900,"weight":136078,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_quantity":47,"inventory_management":"shopify","inventory_policy":"deny","barcode":""}],"images":["\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Fold_X_7_-_White-Black.jpg?v=1538398255","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Fold_X_7_-_Black-Silver.jpg?v=1538398255","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Fold_X_7_-_Pistol_Matte-Blue.jpg?v=1538398255"],"featured_image":"\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Fold_X_7_-_White-Black.jpg?v=1538398255","options":["Color"],"content":"\u003cp\u003eThe folding bike everyone’s been waiting for has been taken to the eXtreme, and is \u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eavailable with SHIPPING IN EARLY NOVEMBER\u003c\/span\u003e. 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Look at Bulls giving you options! Very similar bike, but with the Bosch Performance Speed motor. Why did I include if it’s so similar? Because I think Bulls has build super interesting commuters. They set you up with a adjustable stem so you can literally be as upright as you want, if you’re a posture freak. Underrated part of this bike: water bottle boss placement. Call me crazy, but it’s little touches like these that tip the scales on commuting bikes for me. It isn’t always easy to find places to put cages on e-bikes.
The motor on the Patriot DreamE drives the chain and utilizes the gearing of the bike for remarkable power and speed. If you want more speed or hill climbing power, simply change the rear cassette. The motor is lightweight and mounted low on the frame for better balance. Unlike hub motors, this frame mounted motor allows you to remove wheels (e.g. to fix a flat) like a traditional bicycle - without any wires to disconnect and reconnect.
Kalkhoff enjoys an enviable reputation by virtue of a long and revered history based upon obsessive craftsmanship and insistence upon only the most indestructible and ecologically attuned processes, materials and components, together with the most stunning and intuitive technologies available. Their bikes are over-engineered to over-perform and yet stubbornly maintain value over time.
I picked this bike because it’s definitely one of the lowest cost 28mph bikes out there that is still high quality. Magura MT4 hydraulic disc brakes keep you good and safe. The geometry provides a comfortable ride. Personally, I don’t always think a suspension fork is totally necessary since they are less efficient. If you’ve got a pretty smooth road to ride this is a great option.

The National Institute for Transportation and Communities believes ebikes remove barriers to cycling, such as physical limitations and challenging topography. The results of a recent survey “indicate that, by reducing the physical demands on the rider, e-bikes are encouraging more people to replace car trips with bike trips,” it says. The survey found that 37 percent of frequent cyclists and 27 percent of non- or seldom-cyclists who bought an ebike now primarily use their ebike to commute to work, an encouraging sign for transportation officials who want to increase bicycle commuting. (May 18 is National Bike to Work Day.)
But it is not complicated to see the detrimental effects that these policies very likely could cause. Simple high school AP Economics taught me that this won’t be good for either China or the US in the long-term. Even if a country can produce multiple items better or cheaper than another country can produce them, it is always in both countries’ best interest to focus their resources on their most skilled areas, and trade with other countries for the products they can’t produce as well domestically.
If you are a regular bicyclist who wants to add some excitement to your rides or wants some help with those hills, a full sized electric bike is the way to go. If you are considering a bike as a means of transportation more than an outlet for amusement, then a smaller, folding electric bike is the convenient choice. In each category, consider the speed and range you want, as these factors impact price.
Alec wants your wheels to be strong and true when they leave our doors, and a well-built wheel will stay that way for years.  Alec would rather be outdoors, but he comes in to E-BikeKit each day to make sure that you’ve got what you need to make your own outdoor adventures happen. A day when Alec can keep you rolling down the road and enjoying your bike is a...
Torque sensors and power controls were developed in the late 1990s. For example, Takada Yutky of Japan filed a patent in 1997 for such a device. In 1992 Vector Services Limited offered and sold an e-bike dubbed Zike.[9] The bicycle included NiCd batteries that were built into a frame member and included an 850 g permanent-magnet motor. Despite the Zike, in 1992 hardly any commercial e-bikes were available.
The frame itself incorporates a series of mounts allowing you to easily trick-out the Road E+1 with a rack, fenders, or panniers to more aptly meet your touring requirements. Again, most touring purists will certainly scoff at the mere notion of pedal-assistance, however, individuals looking for more of a guided tour and less of a tour de force will swoon over the Road E+1.
E-bikes mostly use motors and battery options from a few major suppliers: Bosch, Yamaha, Shimano, and Brose. A few other brands exist, but are less reliable or powerful. Some, like the Yamaha system, have more torque and others are quieter. But generally all four make good options. Look for motor output (in watts) which will give you an idea of total power. But watt hours (Wh) is perhaps a better figure to use—it takes into account battery output and life to give a truer reflection of power.
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