A Kalkhoff Pedelec is a lot more than simply bolting a motor onto a great bike. Their electric-assist bicycles utilize a brushless DC motor system that is lightweight, precisely-controlled, efficient, low-maintenance, and reliable. The Panasonic drive system is center drive, meaning that it's designed to be in the middle of the bike for a low center of gravity, stability and an easy integration with the drivetrain. The drive unit is more than just a motor; it also has a torque sensor and controller unit as well - all in the weatherproof casing, surrounding the motor. The torque sensor and the controller senses how hard you're pedaling and adjusts how much assistance the motor gives you through the drive sprocket.
It’s impressive just how traditional a finish they’ve achieved for a pedal-assist bike, especially considering the motor uses Kinetic Energy Recovery to charge itself (like F1 Cars). Firing up the motor is achieved by back-pedaling three times (while travelling over 8mph). It’s a neat idea, and a clever way of doing away with those cables and switches, but in reality it’s fiddly. Riding in the city we occasionally felt ridiculous on a busy street pedaling backward rather than forward to kick off the assist. It’s also a chore getting the bike to speed and going through the motion to activate in tight spaces such as underground garages or on an incline.
The Riese & Müller Load Touring HS is billed as “the ultimate minivan of e-bikes,” and it holds up to that claim. With a low center of gravity (aided by the 20-inch front and 26-inch rear wheels) the Load is easy to handle. Tektro hydraulic disc brakes add control, and front and rear suspension provide comfort. The Bosch motor offers an assist up to 275 percent of your effort until you hit 28mph, when it cuts out. The massive cargo space (with side walls) can carry and the two 500Wh batteries give you 12 hours or more of range at full power. It’s capable of toting up to 220 pounds of pets, people, and less-animate cargo. R&M also sells a double child seat for kids up to age 6 and a child-seat fastener for your youngest passengers.
Those buyers aren’t likely to get a major workout. Researchers from the University of Tennessee found in a study of walkers, ebike riders and traditional bike riders that those who completed a 4.43-kilometer hilly route on an ebike used 22 percent less energy than traditional bikers and 64 percent less than walkers, most likely because the ebikers got to the finish line faster than the others. But perks included higher levels of enjoyment and no need for a shower when they were done.
Both Vintage Electric and Optibike build more expensive electric bicycles in smaller numbers that are geared towards wealthier clientele. By focusing on what some would consider “luxury electric bicycles”, these companies might be better positioned to either absorb the cost of increased tariffs on imported parts such as electric bicycle motors, or find customers with enough expendable income that the higher prices of the final e-bikes wouldn’t be as large of a deterrent.

Electric Bikes Are Now Legal on Pennsylvania Roadways! Breaking News... According to the Bicycle Access Council of PA in their November 2014 News and Digest, Electric-Assist bicycles are now legal on Pennsylvania roadways as part of Act 154. "Electric-Assist bicycles are now legal on Pennsylvania roadways as part of Act 154. In a convoluted way since first introduced in 2010, a last minute amendment was introduced by Representative Kevin Schreiber (D-95) with...
Designed for riding around town, this pedal-assist bike has four levels of electric assistance – Eco, Tour, Sport and Turbo – and a maximum assisted speed of 20 miles per hour. This is a well designed and engineered bike, with Shimano Nexus components and a Bosch Performance electric-assist mid-drive system. Front and rear lights are included, and you can even use the battery to charge your smartphone. The integrated ring-lock will help deter would-be thieves, but it’s always best to back this up with a dedicated bike lock.
Both Vintage Electric and Optibike build more expensive electric bicycles in smaller numbers that are geared towards wealthier clientele. By focusing on what some would consider “luxury electric bicycles”, these companies might be better positioned to either absorb the cost of increased tariffs on imported parts such as electric bicycle motors, or find customers with enough expendable income that the higher prices of the final e-bikes wouldn’t be as large of a deterrent.
Everyone seems to know a lot about Haibike’s e-MTBs, but I think their commuting and touring bikes are just as good, if a little bit underrated by the e-bike community. Another bike with the Bosch speed motor, this bike is quick and powerful. I really like the spec upgrades on this bike from the Trekking speed model in 2017. You’ve got Magura MT4 hydraulic disc brakes, a Shimano Deore XT M8000 Shadow Plus drivetrain, and the headlight and taillight run off a dynamo.
EcoBike offers three e-bike models. The Vatavio fold-and-carry electric bike (pictured above) is innovative and well constructed. The Elegance (pictured below) is a classic design with step-through frame, offering an easy, comfortable ride. The AdventureÂ’s revolutionary frame design allows for true versatility, going from the pavement to mountain trails with ease.

Ironically, not only would a US e-bike manufacturer need to import the raw materials for their frames, but they could still be subject to import tariffs that the Trump administration has placed on imported steel and aluminum from China. Thus, the e-bikes could end up even more expensive than just US-built e-bikes, as customers would also have to pay for the higher cost of the imported raw materials.
The way they work is pretty simple: The motor kicks in with extra assist when you pedal, and there are different levels of assistance. That's it. Just turn it on, pedal, and go! You can also turn the assist mode off and ride it like a regular bike. And e-bikes stop assisting at a certain speed (in the U.S., it's 20 mph or 28 mph depending on class) for safety, of course.
The bike recently took first place at the Interbike Hill Climb Challenge, a third of a mile sprint up a six per cent gradient hill. Fortune powered in front of professional riders to secure a decisive win in the first of an annual competition especially created for electric assist bikes. The race was sponsored by the Light Electric Vehicle Association (LEVA).

In addition, Kalk weighs under 155 pounds — less than half of traditional motorbikes. Cake customized parts of the drivetrain and implemented an interior permanent magnet (IPM) motor. On a single charge, the bike travels up to 50 miles and as a bonus feature, maintenance is minimal due to the fact there are few moving parts thanks to its lack of a combustion engine.
Thank you Clean Republic for coming to my rescue when I had a battery issue last year. Under Warranty at 11.5 months, they without hesitation sent me an entire new $355 Battery pack when mine began to fail. I've gotten so much life, miles, and usage out of my Hill Topper from this first one and am about to replace the batteries again from so much more love on them. Seems the hub motor is going to last forever and that's what counts! Thanks guys! :)
Dan has a lifetime of experience with bicycles and is a hands-on expert when it comes to converting bicycle to electric.  Dan is the person you will most likely converse with on Live Chat. He can assist with diagnosing any issues and he is more than happy to enlighten those who ask on almost any topic related to electric bikes. Dan has been riding electric bikes almost daily since 2008...
Kalkhoff's electric-assist bicycles start with the same high-quality, sleekly designed bikes that Kalkhoff has been developing for 90 years. A state-of-the-art, brushless, centrally-located motor provides a smooth, predictable power-assist directly to the drive train. Kalkhoff e-bikes come fully-equipped with a variety of features to ensure that your commute, shopping trip, or outing is safe, comfortable and fun.
Depending on local laws, many e-bikes (e.g., pedelecs) are legally classified as bicycles rather than mopeds or motorcycles. This exempts them from the more stringent laws regarding the certification and operation of more powerful two-wheelers which are often classed as electric motorcycles. E-bikes can also be defined separately and treated under distinct Electric bicycle laws.
All Kalkhoff bikes come with lots of extras: hub or motor powered front and rear lights, bells, fenders, chain guards and racks. Some include a built-in quick-lock or a rack-mounted pump. There are a number of features available for the discerning cyclist, whether it's the Magura hydraulic brakes, the B&M super-bright hub-powered headlight, the top-of-the-line Shimano internal hub or derailleurs or the three-layer powder-coated paint process.
{"id":1455237791810,"title":"SONDORS Original (EARLY NOVEMBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only)","handle":"sondors-original-us-canada-shipping-oct18","description":"\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eWith its spectacular, knobby, all-terrain tires, SONDORS Original provides all-around comfort and sturdy confidence, and is \u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eavailable now with SHIPPING IN EARLY NOVEMBER\u003c\/span\u003e. Whether you’re commuting to work, meeting friends, or out exploring nature, SONDORS Original steals the show. This eye-catching versatility matched with the lowest price tag in the industry has led SONDORS Original to become one of the best-selling electric bikes in the United States. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eOrder now and receive your SONDORS Original in early November 2018.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL FRAME\u003c\/b\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS Original durable aluminum, 17.75” frame is one-size-fits-most.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL BATTERY\u003c\/b\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS Original includes a 36V 8.7 Ah lithium-ion battery and charger. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL MOTOR\u003c\/b\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS Original totes a 350W motor, providing more than enough to power your daily commute, a cruise on the beach, or a meander along your favorite trail. 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Measuring in at a chunky 26 x 4.9 inches, SONDORS Original tires keep it sturdy and versatile while conquering pavement, sand, dirt or snow.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch4\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/h4\u003e\n\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL LCD SCREEN\u003c\/b\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS Original comes standard with LCD screen upgrade - this feature supplies five levels of electric pedal assist plus added torque for increased hill-climbing power, greater range, and improved towing capacity. In addition, the LCD screen provides a digital display offering accurate battery level, speed and distance traveled.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL RANGE\u003c\/b\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eWith the use of the included SONDORS Original 36V 8.7 Ah lithium-ion battery along with electric pedal assist, many riders can experience a varied battery range of up to 25-40 miles*. When using straight electric power (without pedaling), the range can fluctuate to up to 20 miles*.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e*Range estimates are contingent upon rider and towing weight, riding style, wind speed and terrain. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL WEIGHT\u003c\/b\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan\u003eSONDORS Original is built with endurance and adaptability in mind. It means business with its aluminum frame, all-terrain tires, and readiness to vanquish nearly any landscape. SONDORS Original has been known to inspire confidence as it rolls in with conviction at a total approximate weight of 60 pounds.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL \u003c\/b\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSHIPPING AND DELIVERY INCLUDED (NOVEMBER 2018)\u003c\/strong\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eYou can rest assured, each component of your new SONDORS is carefully wrapped in heavy-duty protective materials and packed with love in our famous SONDORS ultra-thick, 7-layered \"motorcycle-grade\" box. The purchase of your new SONDORS includes hand delivery to your door via U.P.S. ground shipping for oversized packages within the contiguous United States.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003ePLEASE NOTE:\u003c\/strong\u003e Shipments to Alaska, Hawaii and Canada will incur an extended area surcharge at checkout. (Alaska and Hawaii: $59.00 \/ Canada: $99.00 USD)\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eIMPORTANT:\u003c\/strong\u003e All SONDORS shown here are available for delivery in \u003cstrong\u003eU.S. and Canada ONLY. \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003eFor SONDORS available in E.U., Norway and Switzerland, visit \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/sondors.com\/collections\/europe\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eSONDORS Europe Collection\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e","published_at":"2018-07-22T11:41:20-07:00","created_at":"2018-07-16T07:04:22-07:00","vendor":"SONDORS Electric Bikes","type":"Electric Bike","tags":["350w","36v","7-speed","aluminum","Battery","bike","genuineshimano","ion","lithium","lithiumion","sondors","tire"],"price":89900,"price_min":89900,"price_max":89900,"available":true,"price_varies":false,"compare_at_price":null,"compare_at_price_min":0,"compare_at_price_max":0,"compare_at_price_varies":false,"variants":[{"id":12717473824834,"title":"Black Matte \/ Black","option1":"Black Matte \/ Black","option2":null,"option3":null,"sku":"357","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":true,"featured_image":{"id":3894809657410,"product_id":1455237791810,"position":1,"created_at":"2018-07-23T03:22:49-07:00","updated_at":"2018-10-01T05:51:00-07:00","alt":"SONDORS Original (EARLY NOVEMBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - SONDORS Electric Bikes","width":1024,"height":650,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Original_7_-_Black-Black.jpg?v=1538398260","variant_ids":[12717473824834]},"available":true,"name":"SONDORS Original (EARLY NOVEMBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - Black Matte \/ Black","public_title":"Black Matte \/ Black","options":["Black Matte \/ Black"],"price":89900,"weight":136078,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_quantity":39,"inventory_management":"shopify","inventory_policy":"deny","barcode":""},{"id":12717478576194,"title":"White \/ Black","option1":"White \/ Black","option2":null,"option3":null,"sku":"358","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":true,"featured_image":{"id":3894809722946,"product_id":1455237791810,"position":2,"created_at":"2018-07-23T03:22:52-07:00","updated_at":"2018-10-01T05:51:00-07:00","alt":"SONDORS Original (EARLY NOVEMBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - SONDORS Electric Bikes","width":1024,"height":650,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Original_7_-_White-Black.jpg?v=1538398260","variant_ids":[12717478576194]},"available":true,"name":"SONDORS Original (EARLY NOVEMBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - White \/ Black","public_title":"White \/ Black","options":["White \/ Black"],"price":89900,"weight":136078,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_quantity":41,"inventory_management":"shopify","inventory_policy":"deny","barcode":""},{"id":12717478608962,"title":"Silver \/ Blue","option1":"Silver \/ Blue","option2":null,"option3":null,"sku":"359","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":true,"featured_image":{"id":3894809690178,"product_id":1455237791810,"position":3,"created_at":"2018-07-23T03:22:51-07:00","updated_at":"2018-10-01T05:51:00-07:00","alt":"SONDORS Original (EARLY NOVEMBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - SONDORS Electric Bikes","width":1024,"height":650,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Original_7_-_Silver-Blue.jpg?v=1538398260","variant_ids":[12717478608962]},"available":true,"name":"SONDORS Original (EARLY NOVEMBER SHIPPING - US\/Canada Only) - Silver \/ Blue","public_title":"Silver \/ Blue","options":["Silver \/ Blue"],"price":89900,"weight":136078,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_quantity":22,"inventory_management":"shopify","inventory_policy":"deny","barcode":""}],"images":["\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Original_7_-_Black-Black.jpg?v=1538398260","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Original_7_-_White-Black.jpg?v=1538398260","\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Original_7_-_Silver-Blue.jpg?v=1538398260"],"featured_image":"\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/1439\/6088\/products\/Original_7_-_Black-Black.jpg?v=1538398260","options":["Color"],"content":"\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eWith its spectacular, knobby, all-terrain tires, SONDORS Original provides all-around comfort and sturdy confidence, and is \u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eavailable now with SHIPPING IN EARLY NOVEMBER\u003c\/span\u003e. Whether you’re commuting to work, meeting friends, or out exploring nature, SONDORS Original steals the show. This eye-catching versatility matched with the lowest price tag in the industry has led SONDORS Original to become one of the best-selling electric bikes in the United States. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eOrder now and receive your SONDORS Original in early November 2018.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL FRAME\u003c\/b\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS Original durable aluminum, 17.75” frame is one-size-fits-most.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL BATTERY\u003c\/b\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS Original includes a 36V 8.7 Ah lithium-ion battery and charger. \u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL MOTOR\u003c\/b\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSONDORS Original totes a 350W motor, providing more than enough to power your daily commute, a cruise on the beach, or a meander along your favorite trail. 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SONDORS Original has been known to inspire confidence as it rolls in with conviction at a total approximate weight of 60 pounds.\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cb\u003eORIGINAL \u003c\/b\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eSHIPPING AND DELIVERY INCLUDED (NOVEMBER 2018)\u003c\/strong\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eYou can rest assured, each component of your new SONDORS is carefully wrapped in heavy-duty protective materials and packed with love in our famous SONDORS ultra-thick, 7-layered \"motorcycle-grade\" box. The purchase of your new SONDORS includes hand delivery to your door via U.P.S. ground shipping for oversized packages within the contiguous United States.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003ePLEASE NOTE:\u003c\/strong\u003e Shipments to Alaska, Hawaii and Canada will incur an extended area surcharge at checkout. (Alaska and Hawaii: $59.00 \/ Canada: $99.00 USD)\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cmeta charset=\"utf-8\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eIMPORTANT:\u003c\/strong\u003e All SONDORS shown here are available for delivery in \u003cstrong\u003eU.S. and Canada ONLY. \u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003eFor SONDORS available in E.U., Norway and Switzerland, visit \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cstrong\u003e\u003cspan color=\"#c92323\"\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/sondors.com\/collections\/europe\" style=\"color: #990000;\"\u003eSONDORS Europe Collection\u003c\/a\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e"}
Older Americans, especially those 65+ are the real drivers of electric bike adoption in the United States. Betty and Grady Smith of Beaumont Texas may not know it but they are the driving demographic for electric bicycles and  tricycles. Both in thier eighties, the couple enjoys riding thier Worksman electric side-by-side tricycle around town. As a business offering electric bike and trike conversion systems since 2008, we've gotten to know...
Depending on local laws, many e-bikes (e.g., pedelecs) are legally classified as bicycles rather than mopeds or motorcycles. This exempts them from the more stringent laws regarding the certification and operation of more powerful two-wheelers which are often classed as electric motorcycles. E-bikes can also be defined separately and treated under distinct Electric bicycle laws.
Electric Bike Technologies has been delivering the best experience in electric bike kit conversion since the company was founded in 2008. Driven by a respected founder and a team of dedicated electric bike enthusiasts, the E-BikeKit™ electric bike conversion systems have been sold worldwide to thousands of electric bike riders and fostered partnerships with some of the best brands in the bicycle industry. The company has been featured on NBC’s Good Morning America and the E-BikeKit system is the only electric bike kit system distributed by J&B Importers, the largest bicycle distributor in the United States.

IZIP has been manufacturing high-end, affordable electric bikes since 2005. We think the IZIP E3 Dash is the best of the bunch. This class 3 pedelec delivers power as you pedal taking you to speeds of 28 mph. It's fantastic for your commute, especially if you have hills to climb. The mid-mounted motor configuartion maximizes torque to get you up inclines.
Powered by a 250-watt Brose Centerdrive system, the Redux is capable of reaching speeds of up to 28 mph, which comes in handy when dodging traffic. Its 36-volt lithium-ion battery provides enough juice to give the bike a range of up to 80 miles between recharges, making it a great option for daily commuters. Raleigh even outfitted the bike with wide tires which provide stability and traction, even when the road gets wet. Other key features include a 10-speed Shimano crankset and shifters and a built-in LCD screen that displays all the usual information.

With asthma, the commuter was just what I needed to get up these hills in the DC area without having an attack. With the 20 miles range, that gets me though my day, I can almost get about 35 miles in, since I only use the assist for hills, and I call any incline a hill. It came in two days, was very easy to install. I did it myself. It took me over an hour because I was scared, and watch the video over and over. Before I install this, I never did any work on my bike, not even changed a flat. When I do group rides, people notice that I'm no longer the last person up the hills and tell me to slow down! They are impressed that I was able to installed it myself. I brought this in Feb. 2017, had one problem with the on/off switch which customer service addressed, sent me a new switch and instructed me on how to install it myself. They actually sent two switches, other than that, I had no problems with it. Great customer service that stands behind their product, great product, equals happy customer.
DRIVE MOTOR  The EcoBike is powered by an innovative hub-mounted, brushless permanent magnet motor with a triple planetary gear drive system and proprietary heat resistant materials.  The propulsion system delivers the highest torque and is the quietest in its class.  The drive motor is nominally rated for continuous output at 360 watts (Elegance & Adventure) and 290 watts (Vatavio).
E-bikes use rechargeable batteries and the lighter ones can travel up to 25 to 32 km/h (16 to 20 mph), depending on local laws, while the more high-powered varieties can often do in excess of 45 km/h (28 mph). In some markets, such as Germany as of 2013, they are gaining in popularity and taking some market share away from conventional bicycles,[1] while in others, such as China as of 2010, they are replacing fossil fuel-powered mopeds and small motorcycles.[2][3]
The high quality Drive Units from Bosch eBike Systems are the power behind your eBike – and are designed to be both functional and attractive. The gearing layout ensures optimal integration of the Drive Unit design and increased ground clearance. Light and compact: The reduced volume achieves reduced weight and a small distance between pedals, enhancing the ergonomics of your pedelec. The eBike Systems ActiveLine and Active Line Plus both received the Red Dot Award 2017 for product design.
Built by a company that’s made cycling equipment for more than four decades, the Vado feels more like a traditional bicycle than almost any other ebike. Its frame and components have been tuned to provide a familiar experience, making it easy for new and long-time cyclists to jump on and start pedaling. Specialized’s heritage shines through nicely, helping separate itself from the competition in an increasingly crowded ebike market.
Because they’re electrically powered, e-bikes sit in a bit of a gray area between bicycles and motorcycles. While some states have enacted specific legislation to state where electric bikes can and can’t be ridden, in other states outdated laws mean they’re regulated as a moped or motor vehicle which can cause confusion over registration requirements, access to cycling infrastructure and how old you have to be before you can ride one.
Electric Bike Technologies has been delivering the best experience in electric bike kit conversion since the company was founded in 2008. Driven by a respected founder and a team of dedicated electric bike enthusiasts, the E-BikeKit™ electric bike conversion systems have been sold worldwide to thousands of electric bike riders and fostered partnerships with some of the best brands in the bicycle industry. The company has been featured on NBC’s Good Morning America and the E-BikeKit system is the only electric bike kit system distributed by J&B Importers, the largest bicycle distributor in the United States.
Controllers for brushless motors: E-bikes require high initial torque and therefore models that use brushless motors typically have Hall sensor commutation for speed and angle measurement. An electronic controller provides assistance as a function of the sensor inputs, the vehicle speed and the required force. The controllers generally allow input by means of potentiometer or Hall Effect twist grip (or thumb-operated lever throttle), closed-loop speed control for precise speed regulation, protection logic for over-voltage, over-current and thermal protection. Bikes with a pedal assist function typically have a disc on the crank shaft featuring a ring of magnets coupled with a Hall sensor giving rise to a series of pulses, the frequency of which is proportional to pedaling speed. The controller uses pulse width modulation to regulate the power to the motor. Sometimes support is provided for regenerative braking but infrequent braking and the low mass of bicycles limits recovered energy. An implementation is described in an application note for a 200 W, 24 V Brushless DC (BLDC) motor.[43]
For those looking to hit the trails instead of the pavement, Yamaha has you covered with their new YDX-TORC electric-assist bicycle, which is powered by a souped-up version of their mid drive known as the Yamaha PW-X center drive motor system, which the company claims offers the extra power needed for more adventure and exploration on the trails, including a fifth power assist setting. As a more powerful e-bike, the YDX-TORC also demands a higher price of $3,499.
Battery-electric locomotive Battery electric vehicle Cater MetroTrolley Electric aircraft Electric bicycle Pedelec Electric boat Electric bus Battery electric bus Electric car Electric truck Electric platform truck Electric vehicle Electric motorcycles and scooters Electric kick scooter Gyro flywheel locomotive Hybrid electric vehicle Hybrid train Motorized bicycle Neighborhood Electric Vehicle Plug-in electric vehicle Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle Solar vehicle Solar car Solar bus

Electric bikes are here in a big way. Liberated from some of the normal constraints of standard bike design like weight and gearing, e-bike design has exploded; if you can imagine it, someone has built it. From cargo bikes to city bikes, messenger bikes to mountain bikes, road bikes, and even beach cruisers, there is something for everyone. The beauty of e-bikes is they make the joy of cycling accessible to so many people in so many ways.
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